history

in the summer of 1966, China set off a storm of “Cultural Revolution”, which was quickly imitated by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Myanmar. Bamboo and wood memorial archways were erected at the entrance of each village in its base area, and Deqin Dandong statues were hung on them. Every day, people held a religious ceremony like “asking for instructions in the morning and reporting in the evening”. From the end of 1966, Deqin Dandong also launched a “inner-party revolution”, which designated all leaders who had factional disputes and different opinions with him as “revisionists”, and then imitated China’s political slogans and declared them as “agents of Liu Shaoqi’s counter revolutionary revisionist line in the Communist Party of Myanmar”. At this time, China publicly expressed support for the Communist Party of Myanmar because it was in a state of extreme “left” ideological trend. In 1967, the first vice chairman of the Communist Party of Myanmar, dechin Baden Ding, was allowed to appear at the mass rally. The people’s daily also published his article “Myanmar’s – Nevin military government will lose! The people will win!”.

the way of struggle within the Myanmar Communist Party at this time completely repeats the tragedy of the “elimination of counter revolutionaries” by the Communist Party of China in the 1930s. In the central base area where Deqin Dandong directly controls the Bogu mountains, the so-called “inner-party revolution” is carried out most cruelly. The way of struggle is one dismissal, two dismissal and three execution. In order to save bullets, the “Red Guard law enforcement team” stabbed the victims with bamboo tips. Two years ago, when the government suppressed the student movement, a large number of young intellectuals who fled to the base areas used to be regarded as “fresh blood of the revolution”. With the in-depth inventory of their ingredients, almost all of these students from richer families were killed.

those who heard the domestic political propaganda in the late 1960s will still remember the Myanmar Communist Party armed forces vigorously publicized in newspapers and radio, and some red guards once engaged in “international left support” on impulse. After the reform and opening up, the Myanmar Communist Party was no longer mentioned in domestic reports, and its demise was unknown. In 1994, I visited the China Myanmar border and listened to the red guards of the “international left” talk about this experience. In fact, from their own shadow, it is often easiest to see their own defects. The Burmese Communist Party’s front car cover is a good mirror for our anti-corruption struggle today.

rose in the Anti Japanese struggle and learned from the revolutionary road of the Communist Party of China

. Myanmar is connected with China by mountains and rivers and has deep exchanges in history. At the end of the Ming Dynasty, some anti Qing mainlanders fled into Myanmar and became the earliest ancestors of the “Kokang” people. In 1939, at the end of British colonial rule over Myanmar, Deqin Dandong and other intellectuals who had read the works of Marxism Leninism initiated the establishment of the Communist Party of Myanmar. They did not have much influence in the beginning among the residents who generally believed in Buddhism. In 1942, the Japanese invading army entered Myanmar under the banner of “helping the national independence in the Greater East Asian co prosperity circle”. Most leaders of the local Deqin party who advocated national independence welcomed the Japanese army. Only the Communist Party of Myanmar put forward the slogan of resistance against Japan and initiated the establishment of the anti fascist people’s alliance, which greatly increased its prestige. Even Nevin, who was in power for a long time, joined the Communist Party of Myanmar and became an alternate Party member.

when the Burmese Communist Party organized the Anti Japanese uprising in 1945, it established an armed force of 20000 people and became an important force after the restoration of British rule. When Myanmar became independent in 1948, the Communist Party of Myanmar put forward the slogan of “peaceful development”. It once abandoned armed forces and took the road of peaceful parliament, but failed. After the victory of the Chinese revolution in 1949, Deqin Dandong, chairman of the Myanmar Communist Party, proposed to “face the East and learn Mao Zedong Thought”. Under such circumstances, the CPC Central Committee was in a dilemma and couldn’t make up its mind about how to deal with the Myanmar Communist Party.

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believe that the world revolution is connected. According to this principle, after the Communist Party of one country takes power, it has the obligation to support the parties of other countries with the same faith to carry out the revolution. The Communist International established in 1919 requires its subordinate parties to follow this principle. However, according to the consensus of modern international relations, one country should not interfere in the internal affairs of other countries. The contradiction between the requirements of inter party relations and the norms of international relations has plunged the socialist countries under the rule of the Communist Party into a “dilemma” for a long time.

after the Communist Party of China, as the ruling party, began to deal with national foreign affairs, it soon felt the contradiction between idealism and reality. In its foreign propaganda, it stopped encouraging the world revolution and established normal diplomatic relations with the governments of Myanmar, India and other countries. At that time, it was stressed that the key for China to support the revolutionary and progressive undertakings of various countries is to build its own country well and influence others with the role of an example.

the Myanmar government recognized the people’s Republic of China in early 1950 and was the first to establish diplomatic relations with new China among countries with different social systems. Because of the existence of the Communist Party of Myanmar, its government naturally has concerns about China. During the first visit to China in 1954, Prime Minister Wu Nu of Myanmar frankly stated his state of mind at a banquet at the Beijing Hotel, that is: “China is like an elephant and Myanmar is like a lamb. Whether the elephant will be angry will undoubtedly make the lamb worried all the time.” At that time, the United States vigorously organized an anti China encirclement to strive for Myanmar’s neutrality and friendship with China, which became an important part of new China’s foreign policy.

during Zhou Enlai’s visit to Myanmar in 1954, the five principles of peaceful coexistence were announced for the first time in the joint communique issued with Prime Minister Wu nu. When emphasizing non-interference in other countries’ domestic affairs, it also stated that “revolution cannot be exported.” When Zhou Enlai and Liu Shaoqi visited Myanmar, they also explained that China has never supported the Communist Party of Myanmar to overthrow the government, and expressed the hope that the leaders of the Burmese government would sit down and talk with the Communist Party of Myanmar with the attitude of friends, so that the relations between China and Myanmar have entered a very friendly period.

after 1955, the Burmese Communist Party began peace talks with the government because it could not get practical foreign aid, and its interior was also divided into “white flag faction” and “red flag faction”. After the Soviet Union split in the 1960s, the Communist Party of Myanmar rallied again and expressed its support for the Communist Party of China, claiming that “the international communist movement is supported by ABC”. The so-called a refers to Albania, B refers to Burma, and C refers to China. The Communist Party of Myanmar seems to be the most orthodox successor of Marxism Leninism alongside Albania and China. At that time, the Communist Party of China naturally appreciated this statement because it was isolated in the international communist movement. In September 1964, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Myanmar put forward the line of “winning the war and seizing power”. Soon, economic turmoil occurred in MyanmarUnder this situation, the Myanmar Communist Party entered its heyday in 1966. Its base area has developed to nine blocks in the country, with a population of nearly one million and 30000 troops.

“Inner Party Revolution”, internal indiscriminate killing and self endangerment

in the summer of 1966, China set off a storm of “Cultural Revolution”, which was soon followed by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Myanmar. Bamboo and wood memorial archways were erected at the entrance of each village in its base area, with statues of Mao Zedong, Deqin and Dandong hanging on them, Every day, people hold a religious ceremony like “ask for instructions in the morning and report in the evening”. From the end of 1966, Deqin Dandong also launched a “inner-party revolution”, which designated all leaders who had factional disputes and different opinions with him as “revisionists”, and then imitated China’s political slogans and declared them as “agents of Liu Shaoqi’s counter revolutionary revisionist line in the Communist Party of Myanmar”. At this time, China publicly expressed support for the Myanmar Communist Party because it was in a state of extreme “left” ideological trend. In 1967, dechin Baden Ding, the first vice chairman of the Myanmar Communist Party, was allowed to appear at the mass rally. The people’s daily also published his article “the Chiang Kai Shek Nevin military government in Myanmar will lose! The people will win!”.

the way of struggle within the Myanmar Communist Party at this time completely repeats the tragedy of the “elimination of counter revolutionaries” by the Communist Party of China in the 1930s. In the central base area where Deqin Dandong directly controls the Bogu mountains, the so-called “inner-party revolution” is carried out most cruelly. The way of struggle is one dismissal, two dismissal and three execution. In order to save bullets, the “Red Guard law enforcement team” stabbed the victims with bamboo tips. Two years ago, when the government suppressed the student movement, a large number of young intellectuals who fled to the base areas used to be regarded as “fresh blood of the revolution”. With the in-depth inventory of their ingredients, almost all of these students from richer families were killed.

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saw the great turmoil within the Communist Party of Myanmar. After the spring of 1968, the government army attacked the Bogu mountains with the 77th and 88th divisions. Deqin Dandong proposed to “smash the enemy’s attack with our attack” and adopted a hard fight. The army leader botunying, who opposed this idea, was publicly executed at the end of August of the same year. Internal indiscriminate killings caused people to be in danger. After bake, director of the general office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Myanmar, was designated as a “counter revolutionary revisionist”, he fled to Yangon, and there was a wave of surrender at the lower level. In September of the same year, Deqin Dandong was forced to withdraw from the central base area and move eastward. On September 24, he was shot and killed by the guard Miao behind him while resting on the way. This person also surrendered to the government. Later, dekhin SIM, another vice chairman of the Communist Party of Myanmar, took over as chairman of the Central Committee and announced that “Miao Miao” was “a spy sent by the enemy”. China’s people’s Daily published the announcement in full in 1969. In the event of disasters, the Myanmar Communist Party does not check its own shortcomings, but blindly prevaricates the objective causes, which can only continue its mistakes.

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the Northeast Burmese base area is led by the “central remote committee” directly controlled by the first vice chairman Deqin badengding. In the “inner-party revolution”, we should pay attention to learning from Mao Zedong’s emphasis on “one does not kill, most do not grasp”, and the policy should be more lenient. After the Central Committee of the Myanmar Communist Party was transferred to the local area, it was backed by the Yunnan border, surrounded by ethnic minorities, and the attack of government forces was also eased. However, the new chairman Deqin Shin continued to follow the extreme “left” set of Deqin Dandong. He died in fighting with government forces in the spring of 1975, and Deqin badengding returned home to take over the presidency. In 1971, Myanmar leader Naiwen visited China again, the Chinese and Burmese governments restored friendly relations, and the foreign aid received by Myanmar decreased accordingly. In the following ten years, the Communist Party of Myanmar reluctantly supported itself mainly by the armed forces of Wa mountain people and Kokang. Among its members, there were many red guards crossing the border with the illusion of “the world is red”.