when Khrushchev, who was also Secretary of the Moscow municipal Party committee at that time, exchanged views with Stalin, “we should organize some strong workers, let them hold wooden sticks, and beat these Jews up when they finish their day’s work.”
in the Soviet society after World War II, many people were secretly listening to the “enemy platform”, and Jews were an important subject. So why do they like listening to foreign radio stations?
to answer this question accurately, we have to make a brief introduction to the actual situation of Soviet Jews in World War II and the early post-war period. In the Soviet Union, a large number of Jews lived. After the outbreak of the war of Nazi Germany’s invasion of the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941, in order to expose the atrocities of the Nazi army to the world and encourage the Soviet army and people to unite against the fascist army, the Soviet Union established a legal Jewish organization – the anti fascist Committee in the process of the war. During the war, the committee did a lot of work in contacting Jewish groups at home and abroad in the Soviet Union, uniting Jewish forces at home and abroad in the Soviet Union, and cooperating with Western media to actively publicize the heroic feats of the Soviet army and people in their heroic fight against the fascist army.
when Ukraine was liberated in 1944, several leaders of the Jewish anti fascist Committee advocated the establishment of a Jewish Autonomous Region under the Russian Soviet Socialist Republic in Crimea, and wrote a letter to Stalin himself. This proposition caused an uproar and made Stalin extremely alert and angry. This is the reason why the Jewish anti fascist Committee was suppressed shortly after the war. One of the leaders of the Commission, mihoels, was assassinated in January 1948.
about the assassination of Mikhail, the archives of the president of the Russian Federation has a letter written by belia to malinkov after Stalin’s death, which states that Stalin instructed Abakumov to create a traffic accident in Minsk after learning that Mikhail was going to Minsk.
historian pihoya pointed out on the basis of textual research on archival documents: “Several attempts to cause traffic accidents failed, so a plan was made, including inviting mihoels to visit the villa in chanava in the evening… At about 10 o’clock that night, mihoels, accompanied by golubov, a staff member of the Ministry of national security, arrived at the villa in chanava on the outskirts of Minsk by car. They were killed there at the same time, and their parents died The body was thrown under a truck. Two hours later, in the dead of night, the unrecognized body was thrown on a remote street in Minsk. ” The root cause of the assassination of
and the subsequent anti Semitic movement is the international environment of the Soviet Union after the war and its influence and role on the leaders of the Soviet Union. In the view of Soviet leaders, as long as the capitalist economic system exists, war is inevitable. As the differences and contradictions with the United States, Britain and other countries became more and more profound, especially the curtain of the Cold War slowly opened, the Soviet leaders became more and more alert, vigilant and hostile to the United States, Britain and other countries. Because of this, Stalin’s response was so sensitive and strong when the leaders of the Jewish anti fascist Committee suggested the establishment of a Jewish Autonomous Region in Crimea after the liberation of Ukraine.
in addition to the above factors, the Soviet Union itself is a multi-ethnic country, and there have been incidents and practices of exclusion and discrimination against Jews in history. After the birth of the Soviet Union, the exclusion and discrimination against Jews still existed in a certain class, nationality and population. Stalin was one of them. Once, a mass incident occurred in the 30th aircraft manufacturing plant. The Party committee system and the National Security Department reported to Stalin respectively and believed that several Jews were the leaders. When Khrushchev, who was also Secretary of the Moscow municipal Party committee at that time, exchanged views with Stalin, Stalin said: “we should organize some strong workers, let them hold wooden sticks, and beat up these Jews when they finish their day’s work.”
at the end of 1948, the Jewish anti fascist Committee was dissolved, and its participants were accused of “carrying out anti Soviet nationalist activities, maintaining contact with foreign Jewish reactionary organizations and engaging in espionage”. Its members were arrested, shot or exiled, and a large number of famous Jewish intellectuals were arrested. Most of the Jews served in the cultural and intellectual circles of the Soviet Union, and many Jewish intellectuals also held important positions in their own departments, so they were particularly hit and persecuted. On January 28, 1949, Pravda published an editorial article on an anti patriotic drama critic group instructed by Stalin, which set off a nationwide political criticism against Jews. This article directly named a group of Jewish writers and artists, and deliberately indicated their Jewish surnames in parentheses one by one, making it clear that the anti Semitic nature of this critical movement.
not only arrested a large number of Jewish intellectuals, but also closed almost all Jewish cultural institutions: Jewish schools, theatres, newspapers and magazines. Although most of the restrictions on Jews were not publicized, but were carried out according to oral instructions, the anti Semitic sentiment of Stalin and his cronies was no secret to the party’s organs. Moreover, “in his later years, Stalin almost threw away all kinds of ideological masks and openly regarded the persecution of Jews as a part of national policy.” (Roy Medvedev’s “let history judge – on Stalin and Stalinism”)
this movement distorted the normal social relations between people and the harmonious relations between nations. Under the atmosphere of anti Semitism and anti Semitism at that time, secret accusations and false accusations against Jews sometimes made the promotion of official career more smooth, so secret accusations False accusations against Jews occurred one after another.
in this context, the living environment of Soviet Jews is naturally very difficult. However, this in turn makes many suThe United Jews tempered their tough will and resolute character different from ordinary people. For example, in the process of social transformation in the 1980s and 1990s, many of the new rich in Russia who became rich overnight were Jews who had been bullied in those years. For example, gusinsky, a media tycoon, began to defend his dignity with his fist when he was a teenager. He understood the special meaning of the word “Jewish” when he was very young. At first, he was particularly afraid of fighting with his little friends. Until one day, he was bullied and insulted by several older children in a corner, and there was nowhere to escape, he finally returned his hand. Fighting again and again made gusinsky more and more daring, so that he dared to “repair” those adults who bullied him. One day, on his way home from school, he met several adults who were drinking vodka after work. As soon as they saw him, they immediately ridiculed him and said, “little Jew! Little Jew!” At this time, gusinsky, who was about 10 years old, didn’t know where he had the courage. He picked up the iron pipes and stones on the ground and threw them at these adults, and pursued them with tears in his eyes. Many years later, when gusinsky recalled this incident, he was still very excited: “I cried not because of fear, but because of humiliation and anger.”
therefore, listening to foreign radio became one of the good medicines for Soviet Jews to relieve their depression and pain and comfort themselves at that time, and a large number of Jews were jailed for this.