Moscow has become the closest city to the front line.
At this critical juncture of life and death, the National Defense Commission headed by Stalin made the decision to annihilate the German army in the suburbs of Moscow and took decisive offensive and defensive measures.
According to Stalin’s instructions, the Soviet Red Army relied on the front-line fortification system to organize a strong offensive defense, so as to weaken and consume the effective strength of the German army, win time, prepare to concentrate the reserve forces, turn to the counter attack at a certain time, and give the German army a annihilative blow.
In the difficult days of October 1941, the Military Commission of the Western Front Army responsible for defending Moscow issued a “letter to the whole army”, which wrote: comrades! At a time when our country is in serious danger, every soldier’s life should belong to the motherland.
The motherland called on us to become an indestructible iron wall and block the road of fascist gangs to Moscow.
There was a popular saying in Moscow at that time: “although the Soviet Union is large, there is nowhere to retreat, because behind it is Moscow.
” This fully illustrates the critical situation at that time and the high morale of the military and people in Moscow.
According to Stalin’s order, a new Kalinin front army was established on October 17 to block the German attack from the northwest of Moscow.
On the 19th, the National Defense Commission called on the people of the capital to cooperate with the Red Army at all costs and pledge to defend Moscow to the death.
On the 20th, Pravda published an editorial on “preventing the enemy from advancing towards Moscow”, mobilizing the people of the whole city to bury the German troops with their own blood before they reach the capital.
Moscow held a meeting of activists in the city, calling on the people of the city to turn the capital into an invincible steel fortress.
In the most critical days in Moscow, the people of the whole city actively responded to the call of the party organization and showed a heroic spirit of “fearless in the face of danger, magnificent mountains and rivers, and vowing to fight to the death with the enemy”.
They said boldly: where the enemy attacks, we will annihilate them! We will fight for Lenin on the Red Square and never let the Nazi’s bloody hands stain Lenin’s Mausoleum! The great support of the people made the front-line commanders and fighters deeply feel that the whole city was defending the capital and the whole country was defending the capital, which gave them great encouragement to carry out the defense war in Moscow.
In his later memoirs, Zhukov said with deep feeling: when we talk about the heroic achievements of the Moscow defense war, we are not only referring to the achievements of the soldiers, commanders and political workers of the military heroes.
The victory of the Western Front Army and the subsequent battles was entirely the result of the unity and joint efforts of the military and people of the capital and Moscow, and the effective support of the whole country and all the Soviet people to the army and the defenders of the capital.
Originally Hitler thought that the Soviet army was nothing great.
As long as his armored iron hoof moved forward slightly, the Kremlin would hold its hand and Stalin would bow to him.
However, with the increasing resistance of the Soviet army and the cold weather, Hitler slowly began to cast a shadow on his mind.
Soon he realized that “Stalin was his real opponent”.
In 1812, Napoleon commanded the mighty French army to sweep Europe, but he was defeated in Moscow.
It is said that God saved the Soviet Union, because just as Napoleon’s victory was in sight, the cold suddenly came.
There will always be some amazing similarities in history.
On October 1, 1941, there was a rare heavy rain in Moscow.
On the 6th, the first winter snow began to fall in the vast area around Moscow.
The increasingly bad weather made the speed at the beginning of the German “typhoon” plan stop like suddenly stepping on the emergency brake.
The continuous autumn rain burst many rivers and turned large areas into sticky swamps.
The German army had to be at the mercy of the mud.
The mud on the road often fell below the knee, and the marching army had to stop, and the tanks in battle had to withdraw to drag the artillery and ammunition vehicles trapped in the mud pit.
The infantry slipped step by step in the mud and were exhausted.
However, the German army in the heavy snow can be said to be “worse”.
On November 3, the first cold wave hit, and the temperature suddenly fell below zero, and it was falling rapidly.
On the 27th, a sudden cold wind reduced the temperature in Moscow to minus 40 degrees in less than two hours.
With a thick layer of ice on the ground, the German mechanized troops could finally start again.
However, the severe cold that rescued the tank from the mud mercilessly destroyed the soldiers who had to drive.
In winter, the German army faced greater difficulties: insufficient logistics supply and lack of cold protection facilities.
Many soldiers were wearing thin summer clothes, shivering in the cold wind, and many were severely frostbitten.
Thousands of German soldiers were crippled by the cold, and many were infected with shivering and debilitating malaria.
The cold weather made the sight on the cannon useless.
The fuel often freezes and the gasoline freezes to a sticky state.
When starting the tank, you have to ignite and bake it under it for a while.
Complaints and frustration began to spread among the German army, and many people began to talk about Napoleon’s defeat in 1812 and Russia’s monument in Tarutino.
However, with the advent of winter, Hitler urged the fascist German army to launch a new and more violent attack on Moscow.
He will seize the time to destroy Moscow! The severe cold also brought great difficulties to the Soviet army and people.
They had to dig anti tank trenches and set obstacles in the cold weather.
However, the Red Army soldiers who grew up in the severe cold fought at home, and their supply and adaptability were much stronger than those of the German army.
Soviet machine guns were covered in holsters to prevent freezing damage.
The weapon is coated with winter lubricating oil, which is very flexible to use.
The soldiers were warm enough to keep out the cold.
But Stalin not only wanted to keep his soldiers warm, but also to make them more energetic.
In order to eliminate the dark atmosphere since the war, he decided to hold the traditional red square October Revolution parade amid the gunfire of the German army.
On November 1, 1941, a black car sent Zhukov, who was fighting in the front line, to the Kremlin.
The car stopped at a step.
Zhukov got out of the car and hurried up the step.
The two carved doors on the steps opened at the same time.
After entering the door, he walked along a comparative road.