Moli è re (1622-1673) is the most important writer of French classical literature in the 17th century, the creator of classical comedy and one of the most outstanding Comedians in Europe.
It occupies a very important position in the history of European drama.
Moliere’s original name was Jean Baptiste pockland.
Moliere is his stage name.
He was born in a palace interior furnishing merchant family with the status of “Royal servant” in Paris, and received a good noble education since childhood.
Moliere often watched the performance of folk drama with his grandfather in his childhood.
When he was in middle school, he studied Latin.
It is said that he once listened to the lecture of the materialist philosopher gassandi, which is used to explain the free thought in his comedy.
When he grew up, his father asked him to study law and inherit his business, but Moliere only wanted to make drama his lifelong career.
In 1643, he declared to his father that he would give up the hereditary right of “Royal attendants” and organized the “Guangyao Troupe” with some young drama lovers.
The troupe was poorly run, and Moliere was accused of being in prison for debt.
Later, despite the social atmosphere of contempt for acting and the opposition of his family at that time, he resolutely ran away from home with his partners.
From 1645 to 1658, they traveled all over France.
In this process, Moliere went deep into life for a long time, deepened his observation and understanding of French society, and honed his talent in dramatic art.
Because he has accumulated rich life materials, he wrote and performed a series of influential comedies.
Finally, Moliere returned to Paris as the leader of the troupe and performed the sentimental doctor he wrote in other provinces in the Louvre.
It was very successful.
Louis XIV therefore asked the “glory Troupe” to stay in Paris.
Since then, he has been performing in Paris.
Moliere lived in the Renaissance when the bourgeoisie flourished and the feudal rule declined day by day.
He sympathizes with the working people.
What his writing style reveals to him are the fatuous and decadent aristocrats, the kidnapped monks, the sick and groaning landlords, pretending to be knowledgeable “talents”, as well as the assets who try to be “elegant” by starting from exploitation, and the usurers who are greedy for profit and never pull out a dime.
He outlined the ugly image of the exploiting class from all sides.
The positive characters in his works are often the servants, tenants and craftsmen of those who are ridiculed.
These people always show each other on the spot by clever means, so that the exploiters are criticized in the laughter of the audience.
Moliere left 33 plays and eight poems.
“Ridiculous talented women”, “husband’s school”, “wife’s school”, “darduff” (also known as “liar”), cynicism and “miser” are all excellent works loved by people all over the world.
Among Moliere’s dramatic works, darduff occupies an extremely important position.
It is Moliere’s greatest achievement and has a high position in European comedy.
Darduff was a religious swindler with flexible means.
Wearing the cloak of devout Catholics, he entered algon’s home.
Olgon and his mother, Mrs.
bernel, were bewitched by him, regarded him as a saint, praised him and supported him.
Darduff did his best to show his “noble” religious virtue in some trivial things.
One day when he was praying, he caught a flea and afterwards complained that he shouldn’t have been so angry that he crushed it to death.
Olgon fell in love with him and planned to marry his daughter to him, entrust his property to him and tell him the unspeakable political secrets.
Due to darduff’s provocation, olgon ruthlessly expelled his son and deprived him of his right to inherit property.
He could not imagine that the executor of his beloved “will of God” turned out to be a mean man.
Darduff tried to seduce olgon’s wife, Emile.
He said to Emile, “if God is an obstacle to my lust, it’s not a thing for me to remove it.
” After his crime was exposed, he not only attempted to seize all the property of olgon, but also planned to frame each other by using the political documents handed over to him by olgon out of trust.
He brazenly said that he did it for God and the king.
He covered his evil heart with God and the king.
In the 1760s, the autocratic regime in France became more and more reactionary, and religious hypocrisy spread almost throughout the upper class, including the Archbishop of the Catholic Church and other senior monks, as well as many royal relatives and dignitaries headed by the queen mother.
Darduff is a typical image of these hypocritical believers.
Darduff is a realistic work.
Its generality is very strong.
Until now, the name “darduff” has become a synonym for “hypocrisy” not only in France, but also in the languages of many European countries.
In its first audition at the palace of Versailles, dalduffer had only three acts, and its sharp satire offended the Eucharist and the aristocrats who supported the Eucharist.
They attacked Moliere in front of Louis XIV, saying he was against religion.
Soon, darduff was banned.
Moliere revised the script three times, made a statement to Louis XIV twice, and even persuaded Louis XIV to stop writing comedy, but the ban has not been lifted.
In 1669, Dolph’s first public performance was a great success.
Miser is also one of Moliere’s excellent comedies, satirizing the essence of the bourgeoisie’s greed for money.
Albagon was an asset man who made his fortune by usury.
He pretended to be poor in front of his children.
He suspected that his son spent money on clothes and taught him to use the money won from gambling to lend money at usury.
As for his daughter’s marriage, he considered whether the other party should marry with him or not.
He lent money at usury, but he didn’t think that the person who borrowed money was his son.
He wanted to continue, but he became his son’s rival.
These coincidence scenes are not common in real life, but Moliere’s use has greatly deepened the comic atmosphere and deeply reflected the naked interests of bourgeois people in front of money.
After the ten thousand gold coins he buried in the garden were stolen, he cried bitterly and almost wanted to die for the money.
He broke out, regarded all the people in his family as thieves, and asked to start all the ruling machines of the country to find his “lifeblood” for him.
Moliere brilliantly uses comic exaggeration to set off albagon’s stingy character.
Moliere was a master of comedy, but his death was a tragedy.
In order to maintain the company’s expenses, he had to take part in the performance with illness.
In 1673, after the last act of “no disease, no disease”, Moliere hemoptysis fell, whenHe died late at the age of 51.
His funeral was deserted because of the obstruction of the church.
Moliere is not only an outstanding playwright and director, but also an actor with high attainments.
He promoted the progress of drama with his whole life and exposed the darkness of society in a funny form.
The evaluation of him is: “he is a loner.
His comedy is close to tragedy.
The play is so clever that no one has the courage to imitate him.