Balzac once declared ambitiously: “I want to finish the career he () started with a sword.
” Balzac created a perfect second world.
The spiritual territory he conquered is much broader than the material world conquered by Napoleon, so he is a greater hero.
In “Balzac’s burial words”, he commented on Balzac: “his works are more than years.
Among the greatest characters, Balzac is among the best.
among the best characters, Balzac is one of the best.
” Honore de Balzac (1799-1850) is a great French critical realist writer in the 19th century, the founder and outstanding representative of European critical realist literature.
In his life, he created 96 ministerial novels, short stories and essays, which are always called “human comedy”, among which the representatives are Eugenie Grande and old man Gao.
For more than 100 years, his works have spread all over the world and have had a great impact on the development of world literature and human progress.
He is known as Napoleon in the history of literature.
Marx and Engels praised him as “an outstanding novelist” and “a master of realism”.
Balzac was born in 1799 in a bourgeois family who became rich after the French Revolution.
After graduating from the law school, Balzac refused the respected legal profession chosen by his family and aspired to be a literary scientist.
In order to obtain the material guarantee of independent life and creative work, he tried writing and took part in business and engaged in publishing and printing, but all ended in bankruptcy.
Therefore, he was heavily in debt and dragged down his life.
All these provide him with precious first-hand materials for understanding and describing society.
He continued to pursue and explore, conducted in-depth research in the fields of philosophy, economics, history, natural science, theology and so on, and accumulated extensive knowledge.
In 1820, after several months of efforts, Balzac wrote a poetic tragedy Cromwell.
He held a recitation at home and everyone who listened fell asleep.
The failure of his first creation did not shake Balzac’s determination.
He found that he lacked talent in tragic creation and decided to write novels, but he also failed.
In 1821, the two-year experimental period had passed, and Balzac did not write decent works, but he still insisted on his own ideas.
The angry father decided to punish his son and cut off his financial resources.
In 1829, Balzac finally completed the novel the Juan partisans, a work based on real life, which brought him great reputation and laid down the first cornerstone for French critical realism literature.
Balzac named “the Juan partisans” and the one hundred and forty-five novels he planned to write as “human comedy”, and wrote a preface for it, expounding his realistic creation methods and basic principles, which laid a theoretical foundation for the criticism of realistic literature in France.
From 1819 to 1829, Balzac experienced arduous exploration, profound changes in thought and maturity in art.
After that, Balzac entered a vigorous period of his creation.
From 1829 to 1848, in less than 20 years, he wrote more than 90 novels.
The most famous are Eugenie Grande and old man Gao.
He needed money to pay off his debts, which was one of the driving forces for him to start writing hard, but more importantly, he had creative passion and ambitious goals.
He wanted to set up a monument in the history of literature.
He often works 18 hours a day, day and night.
Whenever he is tired, he drinks strong black coffee to refresh himself.
It is said that he has drunk 50000 cups in total.
His time is arranged as follows: writing from midnight to noon the next day, that is, sitting in a chair for 12 hours.
Revise the proofs from noon to 4 pm, go to bed at 5:30 and get up to work in the middle of the night.
His writing speed is quite amazing.
Sometimes he writes two short stories in one night, a novella in three days and a novel in two weeks.
It is said that old man Gao was written by him three days and three nights.
Of course, writing too much is not shoddy.
Balzac is very serious.
He modifies it again and again to strive for excellence.
Eugenie Grandet mainly describes how a greedy and stingy old man destroys the happiness of his daughter’s life.
Old grantee was originally a carpenter.
During the great revolution, he made a fortune by being flexible and good at speculation.
He grabbed money by any means and became a millionaire.
Although he has money, he is never willing to spend it.
His family lives a poor life.
He doesn’t even repair his stairs when they are broken.
He used his daughter as bait to lure those who proposed to his daughter, so that he could profit from it.
His daughter Eugenie was as pure as a white lamb.
She fell in love with her cousin Charlie, but old Grandet drove Charlie away from home and locked Eugenie in the attic to punish her.
She only allowed her to drink cold water and eat bad bread every day, and didn’t make a fire in winter.
Later, the old man died and left his daughter 18 million francs, but her daughter had lost her youth, love and happiness.
Old man Gao mainly tells the story of a retired flour merchant gorio.
He had two daughters, one married to a great nobleman and the other became the wife of a banker.
When his daughter got married, old man Gao shared all his money with his two daughters as a dowry.
But after her daughter got married, she abandoned her father and ignored him.
Old man Gao was so angry that he fell seriously ill that when he was dying, he wanted to see his daughter, but both daughters went to the ball.
After the death of old man Gao, the two daughters didn’t even pay for the coffin or even look at it.
A poor college student named rastine tried to bury him.
Balzac has made great achievements in art.
He is ingenious in the structure of his novels.
The structure of his novels is diverse and non stick to one style.
He is good at combining concentrated generalization with accurate description, and shaping characters by means of reflecting the inner essence with appearance.
He is also good at reproducing the style of the times with detailed and vivid environmental description.
Engels praised Balzac’s “human comedy” for describing the decline and decline of the aristocracy and the rise and development of the bourgeoisie, and providing incomparably rich vivid details and visualized historical materials in all fields of society, “Even in economic details (such as the redistribution of movable and immovable property after the revolution), I learned more than all historians at that timeEconomists and statisticians have learned more than anything else. “.