One day in May 1596, a Dutch merchant ship came to the sea.
On the merchant ship, Captain Barents and his 17 sailors were trying to find a sea passage from the north to Asia, which was another important task of their trip in addition to the trade business entrusted by their customers.
In order to find this passage, Barents and his sailors began his third maritime expedition with the help of Amsterdam businessmen.
For this expedition, Barents made a bold assumption: travel to East Asia through the Arctic.
So Barents led the fleet to the north.
After sailing at sea for a month, they found Bear Island.
Nine days later, the sailors found land again.
Barents mistakenly thought it was part of Greenland, but it was actually Spitsbergen islands.
Barents arrived at the Arctic Circle with his fleet, so he became the first European to reach the Arctic Circle in the world.
Barents led the fleet to turn around and continue sailing.
When passing through Bear Island, the three ships were scattered by floating ice.
Barents sailed to Xindi island in order to find the other two ships.
This time, he successfully circled the northernmost end of Xindi island and continued to sail forward to vagac island to find the lost ships.
Just as the ship passed through sanwenya Island, an unfortunate thing happened.
Barents’ ship accidentally hit the ice floe and they were trapped on sanwenya island.
Barents and his sailors were forced to become the first Europeans to spend the winter in the Arctic circle.
They refreshed history again, but this time they paid a heavy price.
Sanwenya island is located in the Arctic circle.
The temperature in winter is only minus 40 degrees.
They can only wait until the spring.
The history of the Netherlands.
The Netherlands officially became a subsidiary country in 1463.
It was in the state of feudal separatism for a long time before the 16th century, and was ruled by Spain at the beginning of the 16th century.
In order to oppose the violent dictatorship of Spain, the colonies broke out a war against Spanish rule for 80 years from 1568.
In 1581, the seven northern provinces of Netherland united to establish the Netherlands Republic, which was officially called the United Republic of Netherland in history.
After the war, in 1648, Spain was forced to officially recognize the independence of the Netherlands.
After independence, the Netherlands developed rapidly.
It not only became a maritime power, but also another powerful colonist in the world after Spain.
To continue the rest of the journey.
But in such a harsh environment, it is not easy to survive.
Cold weather, food shortage, lack of fresh water, clothing and medicine are far from enough.
Their lives are undergoing a severe test and may die at any time.
In fact, at this time, as long as they open the goods on board, they can carry them until spring.
Because those goods are all clothes and medicine.
But Barents and his sailors made an astonishing decision: they could not move the cargo on board even if they died.
But he couldn’t just sit and die, so Barents jumped off the ship with his sailors, built a wooden shed in the ice and snow, and dug a hole for the winter.
However, even if a raging fire broke out in the cave, it was not enough to resist the severe cold of the Arctic circle.
The clothes they wore were frozen before, melted when they met the fire, and then frozen again.
So repeatedly, the sailors fell ill one by one.
Seeing this, Barents had to lead several strong boys out to hunt.
They tried to kill polar bears and walruses to survive.
However, the harshness of nature is unexpected.
Even with the hunger of prey meat and the protection of animal fur from the cold, these will eventually be exhausted one day.
In order to make a fire to keep warm, they even took down the deck of the ship and burned it.
The winter in the Arctic Circle is particularly long.
Barents and his sailors have survived in an extremely harsh environment for eight months.
At the coldest time, they can only keep their fingers warm in their mouth, but as soon as they are pulled out, their fingers are frozen into “popsicles”.
In addition to the severe cold, Barents and his partners have to be on high alert from time to time, because polar bears will attack them at any time.
The “explorers” who haven’t seen the sun for three months are on the verge of death.
At this moment, even if they use goods, I believe no one will blame them.
Life is above all else.
It is very unwise to stick to the bottom line of morality with life.
This will be ridiculed as pedantry today, but these Dutch people stuck to the bottom line of morality more than 400 years ago.
Soon after, a sailor was frozen to death, but the cargo on board did not move at all.
Barents and the rest of the sailors sadly buried the bodies of their dead companions in ice and snow.
But before long, several sailors died one after another, but the goods were still intact.
In the spring of 1597, Barents escaped from the “Magic Cave” of the Arctic Circle with nine surviving sailors in two life-saving boats.
The two small boats drifted at sea for several months, and finally met a Russian ship at the southern end of Xindi island.
Fortunately, they were rescued.
But at this time, Barents had long been unable to support it and fell on the ship.
Soon after, Barents closed his eyes forever in the company of his companions.
Later, the remaining nine sailors brought the goods back to the Netherlands intact.
When they delivered the goods to the client intact, people were stunned.
The sailors in front of us were ragged and haggard, and several others were dying.
When people heard of their incredible feats, the whole Netherlands was shocked and the world was shocked.
Barents and his partners adhered to the integrity with their lives, which later became the law of business.
Since then, people have remembered the name of Barents, and history has recorded this touching scene.
Barents and his partners have become the pride of the Dutch.
They have paid the price of their lives and won a steady stream of business opportunities for the Dutch.
Since then, the maritime transportation monopoly of Portugal and Spain has been shaken.
Barents and 17 sailors, with their faith and life, adhered to integrity and won the world market of maritime trade for the Netherlands.
[cool review] honesty is a person’s second “ID card”, which is the collective name of honesty in daily behavior and credit in formal communication.
Integrity requires us in daily life.