“Take off your hat, gentlemen! This is a genius!” This is what Schumann praised Chopin in an article commenting on Chopin’s works published in the 49th issue of popular music in December 1831.
This article is Schumann’s first music review article.
The German understanding of Chopin began with Schumann’s article.
Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin (1810-1849) is a world-famous Polish composer and pianist.
He was born in February 1810 in zeriyazowalia, a suburb of Warsaw.
His father, Nicolas Chopin, was a Frenchman and later moved to Poland.
He participated in the uprising against the invaders led by Polish national hero kostyshko in 1794.
After the uprising failed, he fled to Warsaw and lived by teaching.
Later, he opened a boarding school at home.
Since then, he has stopped participating in political affairs and only wanted to live in peace.
However, he maintained close contacts with the cultural circles in Warsaw, which had an impact on the ideological growth of little Chopin.
Chopin showed his musical talent from a very young age.
Unlike other child prodigy musicians, young Chopin didn’t like the piano.
Chopin’s first piano teacher was a strange figure.
He always wore a light yellow coat and trousers, patent leather boots and a gorgeous but tacky vest.
According to him, it was the clothes of the last king of Poland bought at an auction house.
He always carries a long pencil, which is often used to knock on the heads and fingers of dull and unruly students.
He made Chopin like the piano and played it very beautifully.
Chopin published his first Polonaise in G minor at the age of seven, and played his first public performance at the age of eight.
From then on, Chopin was often invited to play for the nobility as a “prodigy” of piano playing.
At the age of ten, he was taken to play in front of a big singer.
The singer was very happy and gave him a watch.
Soon after, the Russian czar heard him play and immediately gave him a diamond ring as a gift.
There was a saying in the European newspaper at that time: “God gave Austria, but Chopin gave Poland.
” So young Chopin gradually became famous in Western Europe for “the second Mozart”.
When Chopin was very young and couldn’t remember the score, he could make up some sketches and ask the teacher to write them on the manuscript paper for him.
Later, Chopin studied composition and other courses at the Warsaw Conservatory of music.
During this period, he gradually became a recognized pianist and composer in Poland.
When he was seventeen, he finally left school and devoted himself to music.
In his youth, Chopin was exposed to a lot of Polish urban and rural folk music and the progressive ideas of many Polish patriots.
After officially becoming a student of the Conservatory of music, he interacted with many teachers and students with progressive ideas.
Over the years, Chopin often went on holiday in the countryside.
He enjoyed the natural scenery of the motherland, listened to the singing and music of farmers, and participated in rural dances and weddings.
The culture of the motherland and folk music are like seeds sown in Chopin’s heart.
From the end of the 18th century to the middle of the 19th century, Poland was a disaster prone country, but it was also a moving nation.
From 1772 to 1795, Poland was divided up three times by Russia, Prussia and Austria.
They divided up the territory of Poland, enslaved the Polish people, and wanted to stifle the national consciousness of the Polish people so that they could rule for a long time.
However, the Polish people have always adhered to the indomitable patriotic struggle.
At that time, a group of patriotic thinkers and writers and artists emerged in Poland.
They advocate that literature and art should have distinct national characteristics, have the ideological content of loving the people and freedom, and have rich emotional color.
These thoughts have a far-reaching impact on Chopin.
Elsner, Chopin’s teacher, said to Chopin, “you are a genius.
Write for the people and write with popularity and nationality.
” All this has had a profound impact on Chopin’s later ideological development.
In 1830, the July Revolution broke out in France.
It not only attacked the feudal rule of the reactionary “sacred alliance” in Europe, but also promoted the revolution of European countries.
At this time, Poland’s patriotic forces were revived, and secret patriotic organizations were also active.
Despite the arrest and suppression of the reactionary authorities, they are brewing a new uprising.
It was in such a turbulent situation that Chopin’s relatives, teachers and friends urged Chopin to go abroad for further study and obtain honor for his motherland through his music creation and performance.
When he had not gone far, his teachers and former classmates stopped his carriage and sang a chorus written to pay tribute to him, and gave him a silver commemorative cup filled with the soil of his hometown, hoping that he would never forget his hometown.
Although he never came back, he never forgot the country that gave birth to him and raised him.
Chopin went to Paris.
In order to gain a foothold in Paris, Chopin interacted with people in the upper class.
Chopin soon became famous in Paris.
Through his own creation, performance and piano teaching, he has won high respect from people.
Chopin has since settled in Paris and only occasionally traveled abroad.
In Dresden, Germany, in 1835, Chopin met Maria, a Polish aristocrat.
The following year, he proposed to her and was rejected because of his family views.
In 1836, Chopin met the famous French female writer George Sang.
A year later, they lived together and broke up about 1847.
Chopin has often been ill since the 1930s, resulting in a sense of loneliness of being a guest in a foreign country and being unaccompanied.
Chopin is more attached to his motherland.
Before his death, he left a will: “I know paskevich will never allow my body to be transported back to Warsaw, so at least take my heart back.
” Chopin died of tuberculosis in Paris in October 17, 1849.
His funeral was held in Mozart’s Requiem and his own funeral march.
He was buried in La Chez cemetery.
A friend sprinkled Polish soil on his grave.
In Chopin, his mother’s blood is dominant.
He is the first great composer who strongly highlights the Slavic national factors in his music.
Since then, Slavic national factors have been included in the mainstream of European music.
In the polonides with the atmosphere of war, the blood of the Polish nation boils particularly strongly.
Their vigorous, brave and arched melody is like a bent steel bar.
The knight Mazurka flashes a hot and brilliant posture, and the sweet tenderness and funny popularity run through the waltz.
Except for these spiritualizedChopin also wrote Fantasia, Scherzo, narrative, impromptu, Prelude and Sonata.
Sometimes he expresses his feelings as mysterious as a devil and sometimes as fascinating as a water demon, but he is always warm and kind.
The spirit, which has become a universal language through his lyricism, celebrates the greatest victory in his brilliant etudes, while those Nocturnes are his dreams in solitude.
He confides a person’s most sincere desire to the quiet night.
Although he appears to be a lucky pet, in fact, like many of his romantic contemporaries, he is also a man who has suffered from life.
Chopin wrote many works in his life, and all of them were piano music, and nine tenths of them were piano solos.
But the most troublesome thing is that most of his works only have genre without title.
Even if many works are marked with mode, genre and genre number, it is still difficult to understand which one it is.
Chopin’s own creed is: “let people guess!” Therefore, when later generations search for Chopin’s works, they often take the work number as the main basis, because the work number will not appear repetition and confusion.
When Chopin composed music, he was basically inseparable from the piano keyboard.
According to people at that time, Chopin was good at improvisation on the piano and had the fluency of one-off.
However, when he wrote to recall improvisation, he was extremely laborious, and often left a lot of alteration marks on the manuscript paper.
Many completed works will appear a modified version every time he plays them himself.
It can be seen that Chopin is very emotional about composition.
Chopin is one of the most original artists in the romantic era.
His style is entirely his own.
He will never confuse his style with others.
Among the first-class artists, Chopin is the only master who focuses his creative life on the piano.
From the beginning, his imagination was dedicated to the keyboard, and he created a world in this narrow structure.
His genius even turned the limitations of the piano into a source of beauty.
The inability to play continuous notes of any length of time is certainly the main limitation of the piano, but Chopin skillfully overcomes these limitations.
For the formation of modern piano style, his contribution is no less than that of any other musician.
Chopin used the pedal to continue the chords with a wide separation between the bass parts, forming a sound group with charming melody.
He told the students, “we must make every note sing.
” In his music, exquisite ornaments – trills, ornaments, light transitional sentences – magically extend those single tones.
All this is always arranged smoothly, and the music almost seems to be played by itself.
Although Chopin’s life is only 39 years, his creation time is 30 years, leaving a considerable number of art treasures for mankind.
Especially the works in Paris period are highly ideological, full of emotion and grand momentum.
If his early works are lyrical poems, then his later works should be called National epics.