No matter how many variables appear in the presidential election, it has become an iron fact that Adams became the second president of the United States by a narrow margin of three votes.

In March 1797, Adams took over the power of president and began his four-year presidential term.

After Adams became president, one of the biggest problems he faced was the relationship with France.

During the American War of independence, in order to resist British colonial rule, the United States made France make a lot of contributions to American independence through diplomatic negotiations.

However, during Washington’s administration, he always pursued a pro British policy, which made France very dissatisfied, and the relationship between the United States and France also deteriorated.

When Adams came to power, French armed ships often harassed American merchant ships, and the United States and France were likely to go to war at any time.

In order to ease relations between the United States and France, Adams sent three representatives to France for negotiations.

French Foreign Minister taliland refused to receive the U.S. representative and instructed three French representatives to talk with the U.S. representative.

At this time, France thought it had an advantage.

They proposed that the United States should hand over 250000 US dollars to France before considering restoring the normalization of US France relations.

The diplomatic blackmail of France made Adams very angry.

He immediately decided to prepare for war and use war to solve the problem of us French relations.

Adams’s reaction is normal, but Vice President Jefferson and others believe that Adams’s active preparation for war is overreaction.

Adams proposed that France engage in diplomatic blackmail in diplomatic negotiations, but Jefferson did not believe it.

He asked to see the relevant diplomatic documents, but Adams refused.

This led Jefferson and his Democratic Republican Party to believe that the so-called French diplomatic blackmail was just an excuse planned by Adams and intended to launch a war between the United States and France.

Soon, not only the Democratic Republican Party doubted Adams’ motivation to actively prepare for the war, but even the Federal Party asked Adams to publish diplomatic documents.

Facing the pressure inside and outside the party, President Adams agreed to publish the diplomatic documents, but the names of the three French representatives were replaced by X, y and Z respectively.

This is the “XYZ incident” known to future generations.

After the publication of this diplomatic document, the aggressive Democratic Republican Party became low-key, while ordinary people were extremely angry at France’s diplomatic blackmail, and they agreed to go to war against France one after another.

President Adams’s political pressure at home has been reduced, but he is very clear that the newly established United States is not fully prepared for the war between the United States and France at this time.

Blindly fighting against France may be detrimental to the United States, so president Adams tried to avoid dragging the United States into the war.

To this end, the United States and France conducted a “quasi war” for two years.

Until 1799, Adams sent representatives to negotiate with France again.

This time, France accepted the representative of the United States and reached an agreement with the United States, gradually normalizing the relations between the two countries.

In general, the Adams government is the first national government with obvious partisanship.

The Federalists control all power departments, share the same party and discriminate against the different, persecute the different, and be politically arbitrary.

It has issued a high-pressure decree against the will of the people, which has seriously violated the rights of the people.

The implementation of the pro British policy has brought us France relations to the brink of war.

During his four-year presidency, Adams did not have a good reputation.

One of the founding fathers, Benjamin Adams, accused him of being “a damn American tyrant” and “a villain that all mankind should curse” because he disagreed with ADAMS.

With the expiration of the four-year presidential term, a new round of presidential election began.

This time, Adams’s opponent is still Jefferson, the candidate of the Democratic Republican Party.

Adams has two disadvantages in this election.

One is that during his four-year presidential term, his political achievements were mediocre, but there was some dictatorship, which violated the rights of the people.

Another disadvantage comes from within the Federal Party.

In the last presidential election, although Hamilton, the founder of the Federal Party, supported Pinkney, his rejection of Adams was not great.

But this time, Hamilton and Adams had a complete standoff.

Adams contemptuously called Hamilton “the suckling illegitimate son of a Scottish Hawker”, while Hamilton wrote a pamphlet accusing old Adams of his shortcomings.

The mutual pinch between the two senior figures of the Federal Party made the Democratic Republicans overjoyed.

They called Hamilton’s pamphlet “pie falling from the sky”.

The crisis encountered by the Federalist party did not seem to stop Adams from running for president, or it can be explained that seeing his term of office approaching, Adams should seize the opportunity to do something quickly.

In November 1800, on the eve of the new presidential election, President Adams completed a far-reaching event in American history – moving the capital from Philadelphia to Washington.

The move also made Adams the first president to take office in the White House.

But Adams did not last long as the master of the White House.

In the general election held a few days later, the divided and infighting Federal Party lost the election, and Jefferson became the next president.

Seeing that the next president is about to take office, President Adams did two more interesting things.

One thing is that within a few hours before leaving office, he hurriedly passed the judicial decree and appointed a group of Federalists as judges and grass-roots courts, which is known as “midnight appointment”.

The second thing is that after completing the “midnight appointment”, Adams got up and quietly left the White House on the morning of March 4, 1801.

He did not attend the inauguration ceremony of his successor, President Jefferson, which is undoubtedly an act of lack of gentleman spirit.

After leaving the White House, Adams returned to his home in Quincy, Massachusetts, and began his academic journey, occasionally taking part in some political activities.

It is particularly worth mentioning that when Adams was 89 years old, his son John Quincy Adams was elected president, and both father and son became president, which was not realized by American senators such as Washington and Jefferson.

The 50th anniversary of the founding of the United States of America is also the 50th anniversary of Adams’s death on 1824, which marks the 50th anniversary of the founding of the United States.

Adams’s last words before his death were: “fortunately, Jefferson is still alive.

” But he didn’t know that Jefferson, who had lost to him and defeated him in the election, had just left him hours ago.