Section 1 the conscientious Deputy Minister of operations, Mikhailovich vasilevsky, was born in Russia in 1895.
His father was a priest.
Vasilevsky joined the army at the outbreak of World War I and showed outstanding military talent.
At the age of 21, he was promoted to battalion commander and won the rank of captain.
After the October Revolution broke out, huasilevsky joined the Soviet Red Army.
In November 1920, the 48th infantry division of vasilevsky was ordered to garrison in Smolensk province and was responsible for the suppression of bandits in the region.
The independent battalion where he served as battalion commander was dissolved because some older soldiers were mobilized to retire or sent home.
In 1922, the Soviet union workers’ and peasants’ Red Army began to restructure.
He was appointed as the deputy head of the 142nd regiment.
Later, because the head was sent to study, he acted as the head of the regiment, and soon became the official head of the regiment.
In September 1922, vasilevsky also led his department to participate in a large-scale confrontation exercise of coordinated operation of various arms jointly organized by the military region.
This was the first time since the end of the civil war.
At that time, gaminev, the commander-in-chief of the Soviet Red Army, and Sha boshnikov, the first deputy general staff of the Red Army, participated in it in person.
Through this large-scale military exercise, huasilevsky opened his eyes.
Although he is only an ordinary middle-level commander of the Red Army, he has realized that the primary task of the army in the future must be to vigorously and comprehensively improve the military theoretical cultivation and combat technology level of commanders and fighters, and fundamentally improve the combat effectiveness of the army.
Therefore, he took the lead in carrying out various military technical training in his regiment, even including military sports training activities aimed at improving the physical fitness of commanders and fighters.
To this end, vasilevsky himself has been commended by division leaders and even military region leaders for many times.
Because of this, when the whole Soviet Red Army initiated the activity of improving the overall combat effectiveness of the army in early 1924, huasilevsky was transferred out by the division headquarters and appointed him as the principal of the division’s primary command school.
In this term, vassilevski gave full play to his strengths.
He not only trained the first batch of assistants of intermediate commanders under modern conditions for the 48th infantry division, but also created a set of new teaching and training methods in military teaching practice.
In particular, combined with the military reform activities carried out at that time, he made a bold adjustment to the early and intermediate command structure of the division, which was quite reasonable and more practical.
One of the remarkable characteristics and advantages of vasilevsky is to do one line, love one line and drill one line.
He can always make commendable achievements in any job.
In the summer of 1926, when vassilevski was the head of the 43rd regiment, he was ordered to study in the head training class of “westerell” infantry tactics training school for one year.
The school is the oldest and most famous military school of the Soviet army.
It was founded in November 1918 and officially named as the infantry tactical training school for the commanders of the Communist International “westerlier” workers and Peasants Red Army from 1924.
In August 1927, vassilevski’s one-year military academy study ended.
He still returned to the original work of the 143rd regiment.
Shortly thereafter, he was sent to the 14th regiment as head.
In the autumn of 1931, vasilevsky was ordered to be transferred from the 48th infantry division to the military training department of the Soviet Red Army.
At that time, the military training department of the Soviet army was a newly established department.
Its main task was to be responsible for the arrangement, deployment, supervision and inspection of military training under the new situation of the whole army.
In the two years of working in the military training department, vassilevski first presided over and edited the military training bulletin.
Later, the military bulletin, the most influential military academic journal of the Soviet army, was transferred to the office of the military training department, and he also became the main person in charge of the journal.
During this period, vasilevsky thoroughly studied the theory of large-scale and deep offensive campaigns, as well as a series of latest military scientific theories such as the coordination of synthetic combat actions of various arms.
This laid a solid theoretical foundation for his successful planning and leadership of large-scale campaigns in the patriotic war, and also formed the main framework of his military thought.
Due to the outstanding achievements of vasilevsky in the theoretical research of large-scale and in-depth campaigns, when general Xie Jiajin became the second director of the military training department, vasilevsky was sent to the field troops of various military regions to inspect the applied training exercises for many times.
In the summer of 1933, warsilevski was appointed as the chief of staff of the exercise director command in the trial exercise of various services contract large-scale and in-depth campaign.
*** In order to prepare and summarize the large-scale exercise that shocked the whole army, vassilevski was busy for four months.
After the exercise, he participated in the preparation of “detailed rules for contract combat of various arms in great depth” and “detailed rules for coordinated action of infantry, artillery, tank and aviation in modern contract combat of various arms”.
These were later widely distributed to all units of the army.
In 1934, vasilevsky was assigned to the command of the military region along the Volga River as the Minister of military training.
Here, he met many military leaders who later became famous generals of the Soviet army.
Such as his lifelong best friend, famous marshal and marshal sokolovsky, marshal bujoni, general Tkachev and so on.
In September 1935, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the people’s Committee made a decision to generally implement the military rank system for commanders and leaders in the army and navy.
Vasilevsky was awarded the rank of colonel at that time.
In the autumn of 1936, sent by the national defense people’s Committee, Colonel vasilevsky went to the newly established college of the general staff for further study.
After graduation, he stayed in the Military College of the General Staff Headquarters and served as the director of the logistics teaching and Research Office, including the campaign teaching and Research Office of the group army.
In September 1937, when vasilevsky worked in the General Staff College for just one month, the general staff came to a new order.
The general staff department appointed him as the director of the campaign training division for senior military commanders.
In this way, from October of this year, vasilevsky began to work in the general staff of the Soviet Red Army.
What he did not expect at this time was that this place would become his permanent home for a long time.
At the beginning of 1939, as the war was approaching, the general staff decided to expand the original operation Department into an operation Department with higher authority.
The operation Department is the core organization of the general staff.
withIn June, warsilevski served as deputy director of the Department of operations and director of the campaign training department.
Although the Soviet government signed the Soviet German non aggression treaty with fascist Germany, the Soviet supreme military commission had no illusions about it.
In the early stage of the war, the general staff was instructed to work out and prepare the wartime concentration and deployment plan of the Soviet army to deal with emergencies.
This work was first led by the general staff of the Soviet army, Sha boshnikov.
Those who specifically participated in the preparation of this plan were minister watukin and Deputy Minister vasilevsky of the operation Department of the general staff.
In May 1940, in order to adapt to the coming war situation, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolshevik) and the Soviet government made a substantial adjustment to the leadership of the people’s Committee for national defense and the general staff.
In this adjustment, vassilevski was appointed as the first deputy director of the general staff, specifically responsible for western work.
In the early morning of June 22, 1941, fascist Germany suddenly launched the war of aggression against the Soviet Union in the broad front about 1000 kilometers west of the Soviet border.
So far, the long planned Soviet German war finally broke out.
In the first two months of the war, vasilevsky worked in the operation Department of the general staff.
At that time, the combat department was like a hive.
The “bee” flew back from the front line and brought emergency information, which was immediately distributed to the three places established according to the direction of combat at that time – the west, the northwest and the southwest.
All front army headquarters summarize their information here, process it, and then transfer it to the supreme commander or base camp, and then they issue new instructions or orders to the front-line units.
Maps of various scales and purposes are hung in the operation Department, and the connection on the telephone microphone is more than 10 meters long.
This is to make military marks on maps everywhere while listening to the phone.
More than 10 telegraph machines and dozens of telephones work all day and night.
Sometimes this is not enough, we can only rely on communication aircraft or reconnaissance aircraft to maintain contact with the front line.
What vassilevsky often says to his colleagues is: “accurate, reliable and timely information is as essential to a staff member as air.
” What changes have taken place on the front line? Where are our and enemy forces now? Where did the fighting take place? Where are the reinforcements going? Where do we need technical arms? What kind of technical weapons are needed.
All these need to be delivered to the base camp and the supreme commander in an orderly and timely manner.