The first love and two marriages of

daughter Svetlana, who was destroyed, later fled to the United States and publicly condemned Stalin; Eldest son Yakov: died miserably in the Nazi concentration camp; Second son Vasili: drunk and died in prison at the age of 41.

Svetlana: my father Stalin ruined my life.

March 6, 1967 was undoubtedly a very dramatic turning point in Svetlana’s life. On that day, the only daughter of Stalin, the former iron fisted leader of the Soviet Union, fled to the United States through the U.S. Embassy in India, A sensation in the world. For this reason, she was separated from her sons and daughters in the Soviet Union for 17 years and did not return to her motherland until 1985.

she summed up her life early: “my life is too heavy to talk and live.” Her life is undoubtedly more ups and downs than novels and movies, but the end of the legend is full of loneliness and desolation: Svetlana died of colon cancer in Wisconsin on November 22, 2011 at the age of 85. On her deathbed, she had no children with her. A week later, the news of her death was announced to the media by her daughter Olga via email.

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Stalin’s love gradually became a yoke

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. Among Stalin’s three children, Svetlana, the only daughter, was loved by thousands. In the few letters left by Stalin, he only used intimate terms for his daughter. On February 28, 1926, Svetlana came to the world. Her father Stalin was 47 years old. He took this poetic name Svetlana with extra care, which means “light and shadow”, which originates from a Russian romantic poem. You should know that at that time, the children of Soviet cadres were either “okjabri” (October Revolution) or “Majia” (May Day). For a while, thousands of newborns in the Soviet Union were named Svetlana.

Stalin often touched, kissed and appreciated his daughter, and affectionately called her “little sparrow”, but not everything was as perfect as a fairy tale. In 1932, after a dinner party, Svetlana’s mother and Stalin’s second wife, najerida alilueva, returned to her room and shot herself in the head. The reasons are different and have become a mystery. Finally, Stalin ordered to strictly block all relevant archives. The party’s public statement is that najierida is suffering from “mental illness”. Svetlana, 6, was told that her mother died of acute peritonitis, and she knew nothing about the death at that time. Ten years later, while studying English, Svetlana learned from a foreign newspaper that her mother had died. After the death of his wife, Stalin paid more attention to his daughter. He even called his daughter “hostess” and told her to give herself orders, such as: “my first secretary, comrade Stalin. Order you to allow me to go to the movies or plays with you. Hostess shetanka” – a game that Svetlana used to play when she was a child. But as she grew up, this strong love was more like a suffocating rope, and the intergenerational contradiction between father and daughter became more and more prominent. In her later third autobiography, distant music, Svetlana recalled that when she was 10 years old, Stalin asked her to read the concise history course of the Communist Party (Bolshevik), but she thought the book was very boring and made her father very angry. “When I was in college at the age of 23, I was pulled into the party organization, but I failed the party history exam, which made the party organization in the school very embarrassed. I always marched forward with the music of my individualism.”.

in his personal life, Stalin also strangely interfered with his daughter’s clothes, just as he did with his wife in the past. According to Stalin’s order, the waist of the skirt should be wide and loose like a nightdress; Wearing a short skirt or a short sleeved sweater is illegal because he doesn’t like others to see his daughter’s arms and knees. When Svetlana sent a picture of her father wearing a short skirt from the young pioneers summer camp, Stalin was furious. He drew a big cross on the picture with a red pencil and wrote on the back: “prostitute!” And send it back by plane.

the first love and two marriages destroyed by her father

when Svetlana went to Moscow University in 1943, she couldn’t choose her major to fulfill her wish: she liked literature and changed to history under the command of her father. After graduation, Svetlana dared not go against her father’s wishes and became a teacher teaching Soviet literature and English. Later, she also worked as a literary translator.

at the same time, her first love was also strongly interfered by her father. At the end of 1942, 16-year-old Svetlana met and fell in love with film director Alexei kapler in her 40s at a party. Stalin hated his Jewish blood and thought that the only skill of this famous “love master” in Moscow was to seduce young women. In front of his daughter, Stalin tore up all the love letters, photos, novel manuscripts and new scripts written by kapler to her. Kapler also paid a heavy price for the love: he was forcibly detained for 10 years until Stalin died.

in 1944, Svetlana fell in love with a Jew again. This time, she decisively cut first and then played, and quickly married her former college classmate Gregory molosov. Stalin’s helpless response was: “yes, spring is coming. See your ghost, do whatever you like!” In 1945, Svetlana gave birth to a boy named Joseph. But they broke up in 1947. After the divorce, molosov was soon dismissed from the unit and his father was purged. It is said that Stalin didn’t kill him just because he was the father of his grandson.

in 1948, Svetlana married again. Her husband was the son of Andre zhidanov, then Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. The two “second generation officials” married together, and the wedding was very grand. “(we) didn’t even date before we got married. My father was so old that I couldn’t always go against his will。” The second year after marriage, her daughter Kajia was born, but the marriage, which was particularly “matched” and lacked emotional foundation, soon broke up, and they divorced in 1952. “My father was extremely dissatisfied with this, but before that, he knew that I always did things he didn’t like.” Stalin was seriously ill and unable to intervene too much, but the unhappiness between father and daughter was obvious. Khrushchev wrote in his memoirs that Stalin pulled his daughter’s hair and forced her to dance at the new year’s party in 1952.

on March 2, 1953, Svetlana, who had not seen her father for several months, was taken away in the French class of the Academy of Social Sciences and brought to the soft couch of her father who had suffered a stroke in the early morning of that day. He was unable to speak. Three days later, Stalin died. Svetlana later wrote: “I felt that I had never been a good daughter, and had never given any help to this lonely soul, this old patient rejected by the world…” for 27 years, I was the witness of my father’s spiritual destruction, and I watched people gradually leave him. Slowly, he became a gloomy statue. ”

after Stalin’s death, Svetlana still enjoyed the treatment given by her father, such as buses and villas. But the campaign against Stalin soon began. In 1957, Svetlana changed her name to Svetlana alilueva, from her mother’s surname; In the same year, she proposed to the government to withdraw all preferential treatment for herself.

fled the United States and publicly condemned Stalin’s

. In October 1963, Svetlana met bridgesh Singh, an Indian Communist who came to Moscow for medical treatment. They fell in love at first sight. But the then Soviet leader, kosikin, opposed her marrying a foreigner. In repeated tug of war, Singh died of tuberculosis in 1966, and they failed to get a legal marriage certificate. Svetlana then expressed her hope to go to her lover’s hometown and sprinkle his ashes on the Ganges. After a long wait, kosikin finally agreed to her application to go abroad. After

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scattered Singh’s ashes on the Ganges River, Svetlana avoided the tracking of the Soviet KGB. On March 6, 1967, the day before she was scheduled to return to the Soviet Union, she went straight into the U.S. Embassy in New Delhi without saying hello to anyone and asked for political asylum. At first, the embassy staff thought it was a joke. Relations between the United States and the Soviet Union were gradually improving at that time, and the government was also worried about whether the rash acceptance of her would damage diplomatic relations. However, in the end, US President Lyndon Johnson decided to receive her to the United States, but asked for everything to be low-key. The CIA immediately sent personnel to India to meet Svetlana. Svetlana passed through Italy to Switzerland and arrived in New York after staying for six weeks. Before getting on the plane, Svetlana replied for the last time: no regrets. According to the data of

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, the Soviet KGB once killed Svetlana. Stalin’s daughter wants to seek protection in the United States. This explosive news undoubtedly has too many symbolic interpretations. Kosikin responded that she was a “sick man”. Khrushchev believed that “she provided a laughing stock for the enemies of the Soviet system”. The media all over the world rushed to report it as the betrayal of the “Red Princess” to her father and country.

Svetlana talked little about the reasons for the escape, and only mentioned a few words in her autobiography, partly because she believed that the authorities abused Singh. In addition, “some people went to the United States at that time, and I want to follow their example” (after Khrushchev stepped down, his son also went to the United States). In April 1967, Svetlana arrived in New York. She then held a media conference, announced that she would never return to the Soviet Union, and made a series of high-profile speeches publicly condemning the Soviet authorities. She accused her father Stalin of being a “devil of morality and spirit”, the Soviet system of “serious corruption” and “the Bolshevik Revolution was a tragic mistake with serious consequences”.

in 1970, Svetlana fell in love again, this time with wesler Peters, an American architect. Coincidentally, the ex-wife of Peters who died in a car accident is Svetlana. Their meeting was made up by their former mother-in-law. Three weeks later, they married and Lana Peters became Svetlana’s new name. At the age of 44, she gave birth to her second daughter Olga. However, life still can’t be all right. Svetlana often broke out conflicts because her husband obeyed her former mother-in-law. In 1973, the “flash marriage” came to an end.

on November 20, 1978, Svetlana swore to become a U.S. citizen. As early as 1969, the presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union had decided to deprive her of her citizenship. She even registered as a Republican and donated $500 to her favorite conservative magazine, the national review.

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returned to the Soviet Union 17 years later and left

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for three marriages, each lasting no more than 4 years. Caprice is probably the most obvious feature of Svetlana’s character. This may have something to do with the twists and turns of her adult life and then her turbulent and wandering life. Svetlana hates recalling the past and feels that she “lives like a slave in a special background”. On the other hand, she has written two best-selling autobiographies under the name of “Stalin”. “Twenty letters to friends” and “just one year” were successively published in late 1967 and 1969. These books brought her more than $2.5 million.

she denounced her father publicly – it was tantamount to a “betrayal”, but in a report by time magazine in 1983, she withdrew her accusation and admitted that “if my father knew what I had done, he might shoot me”. Svetlana also travels and moves frequently. Her friends say she seems unable to live in one place for more than two years.

Svetlana’s view of the United States is also becoming more and more complex. She initially declared: “my life in the United States is incomparably free, happy and colorfulAs a writer, she has been pursuing the real cause of her father’s death for many years. On September 11, 2003, Galina received the file personally handed over by US Assistant Secretary of defense Jennings. According to the archives, Yakov was very brave during his detention in the death concentration camp. He never showed the slightest compromise to the Nazi German army, let alone surrender. According to the most original information such as death notice and on-site report, Yakov was found by guards when he was preparing to escape from the death concentration camp and was about to escape across the power grid. The heavy machine gun on the post then fired wildly. Yakov was killed on the spot with at least 15 bullets in his body.

it is worth pointing out that as soon as the German army surrendered, the supreme command of the US British coalition army learned the truth of Yakov’s death, but they kept silent. It is said that they were “worried that it would bring unnecessary pain to field Marshal Stalin”. In any case, Stalin did not know how his son Yakov died until he died.

Vasili, Stalin’s second son: he died of alcoholism in prison at the age of 41.

Vasili’s family was not calm when he was born. On March 24, 1921, his mother najierida delivered him to a small hospital on the outskirts of Moscow instead of the Kremlin hospital. Because before childbirth, she and Stalin had just had a fierce quarrel, so that she left home in anger. Stalin was kinder to Vasili than his first son, but rarely accompanied him. Vasili was emotionally dependent on his mother until he committed suicide at the age of 12. Sister Svetlana later recalled: “when his mother died, he collapsed. She was his love and his umbrella, and his mother was everything to him.”

Vasili gradually became a “problem boy”, who could not concentrate on his study and his academic performance was very poor. Stalin once wrote in a letter to a tutor: “please be as strict as possible with Vasili. Don’t be afraid of the wayward boy threatening you with mistakes and blackmail, or even suicide.” Growing up, Vasili was infatuated with alcohol and women. He married three times and left two children.

but as Stalin’s son, this dazzling identity will not be silently “buried”. After graduating from the military aviation school in 1938, Vasili entered the air force. In 1943, he began to make his fortune. At the age of 22, he has become the commander of the pilot management department and commanded a division. In 1948, Vasili, 27, was promoted to commander of the air force of the Moscow military region. A year later, his father Stalin personally signed an order granting him the rank of lieutenant general. This is the most brilliant peak of his life.

but a flight inspection failed in 1952. His father Stalin personally dismissed him and scolded him severely in front of his closest assistant: “no learning, no skill”, “fool, fool”. Frustrated Vasili began to stay at home and drink sullen wine, and never recovered. Before Stalin’s death, Vasili said to his brother arjom Sergeyev (adopted son of Stalin): “I have only two ways: otherwise,” he pointed a pistol at his temple, “otherwise,” and drew his fingers into a wine glass.

is a prophecy. On April 28, 1953, less than two months after Stalin’s death, Vasili, 32, was arrested and imprisoned. It is still difficult to clarify the charges, including “beating people and drinking”, “abuse of power” and “betraying the motherland, anti party and anti socialism”. Some analysts say that this is related to Vasili, who has always been rebellious, who knows too much and can’t control his mouth. In September 1955, Vasili was sentenced to eight years’ imprisonment. During the period of

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, Vasili had a chance to be released, but he finally missed it. In January 1960, Soviet KGB chairman Xie Lieping and attorney general Lu Jianke jointly reported to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, requesting an amnesty for Vasili, who was seriously ill. Soon Khrushchev met him personally in the Kremlin. Chistyakov, then director of the KGB Reconnaissance Office, recalled that the 40 year old former general looked extremely down-to-earth. On April 9, Voroshilov, then chairman of the presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union, also talked to him and advised him to stop drinking: “now you’re still full of alcohol. I’ve seen many drunks in my life and know what they are. If you don’t repent, you’ll be hopeless.”

on April 13, the heart to heart talk record was placed on Khrushchev’s desk. The next day, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union received a secret letter from rutenko and Xie Lieping, suggesting that the order of the presidium to release Vasili in advance should be revoked. The letter said: “despite the guarantee made by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Vassily Stalin is still often drunk… He also made anti-government remarks and slandered individual party and state leaders. Not long ago, Vassily drove drunk and hit the car of the Japanese Embassy, and I escaped after the accident… Recently, Vassily Stalin also paid a private visit to the Chinese Embassy…” After reading it, Khrushchev scolded and asked his confidants: “what should we do? If we continue to detain him, he will die; if we don’t detain him, he will die.”

Vasili was put in prison again. In 1961, he was exiled to Kazan and sentenced to another five years in prison. In prison, he was forced to change his name to Vasili djugashvili (Stalin’s original surname), and his surname was not allowed to be Stalin. On March 19, 1962, Vasili died of “acute heart disease caused by arteriosclerosis caused by alcoholism”. Five days later, it was his birthday. On that day, the local branch of the KGB held a simple funeral for him. The whole funeral cost 426 rubles and 5 Gobi.

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