the United States is a democratic country based on constitutional government and law, but the constitution of constitutional government and law should be interpreted and implemented by people. There are many events in American history that violate the constitutional rule of law. Letting students know the harm of these events is an important teaching content of American history.
adults must take an oath to be naturalized in the United States. In the oath, there is such a sentence: “I solemnly swear that I completely renounce my citizenship and loyalty to any foreign prince, monarch, country or sovereignty to which I previously belonged. I will support and protect the Constitution and laws of the United States of America,… And be sincerely loyal to the United States.” Minor children are naturalized to follow their parents without attending the loyalty ceremony. For many adult immigrants, the oath is just a form. Many people have lived in the United States for many years, and finally do not really agree with the United States in culture and values.
an educational work of American schools is to help new immigrant children establish such identity. The most critical course is American history. American primary and secondary schools do not have political and Ideological Courses. Schools encourage students to accept American democratic political culture, mainly in history classes. Because of their low level of English and different cultural backgrounds, most Chinese children who have just come to the United States are not easy to accept. For such children, American history in Chinese is sometimes used in the history class of bilingual teaching in American schools.
American history education not only cultivates students’ sense of identity with the United States, but also highlights multiculturalism. Therefore, the Chinese history of the United States does not translate the existing history textbooks of the United States into Chinese, but is compiled separately. The purpose is to let Chinese American students understand the American tradition, as well as the relationship between China and the United States and the contribution of Chinese immigrants to the United States.
American history illustrates the characteristics of American political culture through some historical comparisons. For example, the two most important events in the founding of the United States are the independent revolution and the constitution. The two historical documents produced by these two events, the declaration of independence and the constitution, are the basis of American democratic politics for more than 200 years. “Revolution” may be a familiar word for Chinese students, but what are the characteristics of the American independent revolution? The history of the United States tells students that the significance of the independent revolution does not lie in “the people overthrew the harsh government”, because “the tyranny of was overthrown by the emperor Taizu of the Ming Dynasty who was born as a civilian”. “So is it the first time to abolish the emperor? Neither is it. King Charles I was beheaded, and there was no king in Britain for the next 12 years. The special feature of the American Revolution is that it not only overthrew tyranny, but also established an equal and democratic government in accordance with a set of lofty ideals.”
the history of the United States emphasizes the importance of the American Constitution: “although the American Constitution has many shortcomings, it is the first systematic constitution to restrict the power of the government and protect the rights of the people.” Then make a comparison, “Britain has a Magna Carta and bill of rights, but there is no written constitution. The constitution is different from the general code. In the west, there are Roman laws; in China, there are also famous Tang laws. But the code usually restricts the people and is used to maintain social order. The American Constitution lists the rights of the people and limits the power of the government.”
in order to deepen the students’ impression, The history of the United States explains the characteristics of the American Constitution from the distinction between “responsibility” and “right”: “Chinese tradition pays attention to responsibility. For example, the traditional morality of filial piety, fraternity, loyalty and faith is the morality of responsibility. Loyalty is the responsibility of officials to monarchs, filial piety is the responsibility of children to parents, fraternity is the responsibility of brothers to brothers, and faith is the responsibility of friends. Because of different traditions, the government appears in different forms. This does not mean that China does not restrict the power of the government. Emperor Gaozu of the Han Dynasty had been with his father and father. The emperors of the Han Dynasty,, and were not allowed to act arbitrarily. The government is limited by some unwritten habits. For example, if the people have any grievances, they can go to the Yamen and beat the drum of grievances. However, China’s past political thought did not pay much attention to the issue of people’s rights. ”
emphasize civil rights and tell students what rights they have in order to help them protect themselves more effectively from violations of state power in the future. The history of the United States has a chapter “overseas Chinese in the early United States”, which focuses on the history of Chinese coming to the United States to make a living and immigrating. In this period of history, there have been many violations of Chinese rights. The discrimination is not only caused by the tyranny of whites, but also by the factors that Chinese people are submissive and dare not defend their rights. In the 1850s, there was a tax law for foreign miners in California, which stipulated that each person should pay a mining area work tax of 4 yuan per month, and that each Chinese should pay an entry tax of 55 yuan when entering the United States. Because the tax was collected exclusively from the Chinese people, the Federal Supreme Court found it unconstitutional and ordered it to be banned. But the California government still collects a work tax of 4 yuan a month from foreign miners. Although the tax is collected from all foreign miners, miners from Europe are similar to Americans. It is difficult to know who foreigners are, and the Chinese can recognize them at a glance, so tax collectors often collect it exclusively from the Chinese. Moreover, the Chinese are more obedient and pay the tax immediately when they are collected. Sometimes after paying the money, another tax collector comes to check. If he doesn’t bring the receipt with him, he has to give it again. You can’t argue at all.
in 1882, the US Congress passed a bill banning Chinese workers from coming to the United States for 20 years. US President Chester A. Arthur vetoed the bill because it violated the 1868 treaty between China and the United States, which recognized the right of the Chinese and American people to live freely. President Arthur said the 1882 act was unfair and unreasonable. Members of Congress, especially those in the west, proposed another bill to change the 20-year ban on Chinese workers from entering the United States to 10 years. Most members of Congress passed the bill. Such anti Chinese behavior did not change until the outbreak of the Second World War.
the United States is a democratic country based on constitutional government and law, but the constitution of constitutional government and law should be interpreted and implemented by people. There are many events in American history that violate the constitutional rule of law. Letting students know the harm of these events is an important teaching content of American history. Chinese immigrant children’s studies