reefer said that the nuclear test was shocking enough. It planned to install the atomic bomb on an intercontinental ballistic missile and then launch it at the moon to explode on the surface of the moon. The scientists involved in the demonstration were divided into several groups. How the lunar surface explosion will affect the scientific research team of rayfel.

in 1958, several senior officials of the U.S. Air Force found Rafael and explained the plan to him. At first, this was opposed by rifel. Rafael said that destroying the clean environment of the moon will pay a huge price. However, the US Air Force was only responsible for the technical problems of the experiment. They believed that the plan was technically feasible, and the military did not consider the environmental consequences. At that time, the US ballistic missile was capable of hitting the moon with an accuracy within 3 kilometers. Finally, under the order of the U.S. military, Rafael reluctantly participated in the demonstration.

in July 1969, American astronaut Armstrong landed on the moon, which showed the comprehensive national strength of the United States. In fact, 10 years before landing on the moon, Americans used the moon as an advertising platform to show their strength, but they were planning a nuclear explosion on the moon. An article on Russia’s military observer website on December 4 tells about this history.

1. The Soviet Union is in a hurry to lead the United States.

during the cold war, the hegemony between the United States and the Soviet Union was an all-round competition between the two countries in various fields, especially in the military field. The United States first took the lead in the development of atomic bomb, but the Soviet Union caught up in 1949. Since then, the Soviet Union has been exerting pressure on the United States in the aerospace field, putting pressure on its strategic decision-makers.

in October 1957, the Soviet Union took the lead in putting the world’s first man-made satellite, Sputnik 1, into orbit, which made Americans feel ashamed. Then they caught up, but their pace of catching up with the Soviet Union was slow everywhere. After many experiments, the Americans finally sent their first man-made satellite, Explorer 1, into space in January 1958, and the two countries temporarily tied 1-1. However, the weight of American satellites is much lower than that of Soviet satellites. In 1959, the Soviet Union launched another lunar probe, which made the opponent more anxious. It was not until 1962 that the United States handed in the same answer.

in this way, for several years, the Americans always failed to catch up with the Soviets, which prompted their government to immerse itself in thinking and looking for ways to break this situation. It is against this background that a plan of nuclear explosion on the moon came to the surface.

the plan was first put forward by the US air force. Its main content is to shoot a nuclear warhead to the moon with a strategic missile and let it explode on the surface of the moon. Regardless of the feasibility of the plan, as far as its content is concerned, it is obviously a “brain beating idea”. It is a plan eager to prove that the United States is not inferior or even stronger than the Soviet Union in the military and scientific and technological fields. Nevertheless, the US government attached great importance to the plan and soon organized a group of scientists to demonstrate the feasibility of the plan.

2. The picture of high-altitude nuclear explosion is dazzling

. In fact, the proposal of this plan has its unique background.

in the 1950s, the United States and the Soviet Union had mastered nuclear weapons, so the two countries began to compete on nuclear tests until they moved the experimental site to high altitude together. The “high altitude nuclear test competition” began with the “Argos program” implemented by the United States in 1958. At that time, an American fleet composed of nine warships conducted an x-17a missile test in a top secret state. The nuclear bomb with an equivalent of 1700 tons of TNT detonated 161 kilometers above the South Atlantic. After that, the United States sent the nuclear bomb to high altitude and detonated it twice in this way. It is reported that the success of this nuclear test method makes the US military very proud.

since then, the US “New York Times” has disclosed the three nuclear experiments of the US military, marking the curtain of the space nuclear explosion race officially opened between the United States and the Soviet Union. The Soviets who learned the news made a long exploration in this field and finally made a strong response three years later. This year, a missile soared from the kapskanyar shooting range in Astrakhan, the Soviet Union, and sent a nuclear warhead into the air to detonate.

it is reported that the high-altitude nuclear explosion experiment has four main purposes: first, to study the problem of anti ballistic missiles; Second, study and solve the penetration problem of nuclear warheads; Third, study the impact of high-altitude nuclear experiment on communication, radar and avionics equipment; Fourth, carry out a series of scientific research. High altitude nuclear explosion will produce many geophysical phenomena, which can simulate similar natural phenomena and explore natural laws.

in fact, the United States conducted four such experiments in 1958 and suspended them for four years. In 1962, the United States continued to carry out relevant experiments. Explaining why the high-altitude nuclear test should be resumed, the then president of the United States said: “we are spending a lot of money on radar to strengthen our defense capabilities to develop anti missile systems, but we are not sure how much equipment will stop working and become waste due to nuclear explosion.” Kennedy’s statement clearly demonstrated the purpose of the United States in conducting high-altitude nuclear tests.

it is reported that in a high-altitude nuclear test in the United States, the fireball formed by the explosion and the bright red spherical wave caused the interruption of high-frequency radio communication and radar communication, and the rabbit retina more than 500 kilometers away from the explosion point was burned. When the nuclear bomb exploded, a sharp and bright flash was visible over the Hawaiian horizon. On August 5, 1963, before the United States, the Soviet Union and Britain signed the atmospheric nuclear test ban treaty in Moscow, the United States conducted 15 high-altitude nuclear tests and the Soviet Union conducted 10.

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the competition between the United States and the Soviet Union in the field of high-altitude nuclear tests highlights the fierce competition between the two countries. And the high-altitude nuclear test in 1958 caused magnificentThe scenery inspired the U.S. Air Force: if such a bright flash appears on the moon and is seen by people half the earth, then the strong military and scientific and technological strength of the United States will be fully displayed. Even if there is no magnificent flash, it is shocking enough to form mushroom clouds like on earth. In this way, the US Air Force put forward the idea of lunar nuclear explosion.

3. Regardless of the environmental protection plan, bombing the moon

according to the American scientist Rafael, who participated in the “feasibility demonstration of the lunar nuclear explosion project”, the US Air Force initially planned to detonate a hydrogen bomb on the moon, but the hydrogen bomb was too heavy for the ballistic missile at that time to send such a heavy warhead to the moon 384000 kilometers away. In this way, the US Air Force decided to use the atomic bomb. After discussion, it was decided to use an atomic bomb of the same size as when bombing Hiroshima.

reefer said that the nuclear test was shocking enough. It planned to install the atomic bomb on an intercontinental ballistic missile and then launch it at the moon to explode on the surface of the moon. The scientists involved in the demonstration were divided into several groups. How the lunar surface explosion will affect the scientific research team of rayfel.

in 1958, several senior officials of the U.S. Air Force found Rafael and explained the plan to him. At first, this was opposed by rifel. Rafael said that destroying the clean environment of the moon will pay a huge price. However, the US Air Force was only responsible for the technical problems of the experiment. They believed that the plan was technically feasible, and the military did not consider the environmental consequences. At that time, the US ballistic missile was capable of hitting the moon with an accuracy within 3 kilometers. Finally, under the order of the U.S. military, Rafael reluctantly participated in the demonstration.

4. The risk is too high to escape. The demonstration code of

is “a119 plan”. Rafael revealed that this was obviously a nuclear test to show off. Although the United States fell behind the Soviet Union in the space race at that time, they wanted to use this way to create a large mushroom cloud that could be seen by people half the earth to show that the strength of the United States was not inferior.

is at an air force base in Chicago. This research is urgently carried out in a closed state. In addition to physicists, astronomers, biologists and other experts in many fields are also involved in this research. Carl Sagan, a famous American astrophysicist and science worker, is one of them. His tasks include exploring whether explosion can be used to judge the existence of organic molecules on the moon. Enrique Fermi, a scientist from the University of Chicago, is also involved. He is said to play a very important role in this study.

the complexity of this experiment can be seen from the huge team participating in the demonstration work, and the purpose of this experiment in the United States is explained by the research on the visual effect of explosion. However, after a long time of argumentation, the experts’ conclusions disappointed the US government. The demonstration result is that the experimental risk is too high and should be carried out carefully.

reefer introduced that after a long time of verification, experts concluded that it is difficult to achieve other effects except that a large pit can be blasted on the surface of a nuclear warhead launched to the moon. According to the demonstration, the explosion can indeed form smoke and dust, but since there is no earth like atmosphere on the moon, the smoke and dust will spread in all directions and cannot form the huge mushroom cloud seen on the earth. In addition, if the “nuclear explosion” and “spkds” have the best visual effect on the edge of the moon, the “nuclear explosion” and “spkds” have no visual effect on the edge of the moon. In addition to visual effects, experts also demonstrated the experiment in detail from other angles. After more than a year of argumentation, the conclusions reached by experts have disappointed the US government. Experts believe that compared with other methods that can be used to prove the military and scientific and technological strength of the United States, the risk and cost of launching nuclear weapons to the moon are too high.

after weighing the advantages and disadvantages, the US government finally decided to cancel the plan. In this way, the moon escaped.

nowadays, many cold war documents have been made public, but the materials related to the “a119 plan” have been sealed. After the death of astronomer Sagan in 1996, the plan gradually became known, but it was only partially disclosed. According to Rafael, from May 1958 to January 1959, they submitted a total of eight feasibility study reports, but they were all destroyed in 1987.