While pushing the United Nations to carry out weapons verification in Iraq, the United States has created public opinion that Iraq has illegal weapons and Saddam has links with terrorist organizations.

At the same time, it is speeding up the deployment of troops to prepare for a military attack on Iraq.

Since taking office as president of the United States in January 2001, Bush has taken a series of aggressive actions.

Despite the opposition or doubts of most countries in the world, he stepped up the implementation of the missile defense plan and unilaterally withdrew from the “Anti Ballistic Missile Treaty”.

After the “9 ` 11” incident, he not only bypassed the United Nations, but even set aside his allies and launched a war against Afghanistan without publishing conclusive evidence to the world.

Bush pointed out that in the future, the United States must choose the strategy of “+ defensive intervention” in order to ensure the security of the United States and its allies.

His reason is that the “September 11” incident shows that the traditional “destructive retaliation” to deter looming terrorist organizations without the protection of States and citizens does not work at all.

For irrational “axis of evil” and “rogue states”, once they have weapons of mass destruction, it is impossible to curb their use or proliferation of these weapons.

It would be too late to wait for a terrorist attack before reacting.

On January 30, 2002, in his state of the Union address, US President Bush called Iran, Iraq and North Korea “the axis of evil threatening world peace”, saying that these countries “pose an increasingly serious threat by seeking weapons of mass destruction” and “they may provide weapons to terrorists so that terrorists can vent their hatred”.

This remark aroused a strong reaction from many countries.

In May 2002, President Bush first put forward the “preemptive” theory in his speech in Germany.

On June 1, Bush expounded this theory for the first time at West Point.

He claimed that the “deterrence” and “containment” strategies of the cold war were no longer suitable for the situation after “9 ` 11”.

The United States must be prepared to carry out a “pre emptive” attack on “terrorists and tyrants”.

On June 14, at a fundraising rally of the Republican Party, Bush raised the “preemptive” theory to “a new doctrine”.

Subsequently, Bush ordered the National Security Council to take the “preemptive” strategy as the cornerstone of the new security policy and formally write it into the national security strategy report published that autumn.

This is the first national security strategy report since he took office.

The United States also plans to unite with its allies in Western Europe and other countries to take “preemptive” sudden actions against small countries that are “weak” and may be used by terrorist organizations, so as to prevent them from becoming a paradise for terrorist activities like Afghanistan.

After theoretically positioning which countries can be attacked and according to what theory, the next step is to use what operational theory to carry out military attacks on these countries.

As early as April 1999, the US Department of defense first put forward the concept of “rapid decisive operation” in the defense planning guide, The US military is required to “develop new joint operation theories and capabilities to improve the ability of future joint force commanders to quickly and decisively implement particularly challenging important operational tasks (such as coercing the enemy to take certain actions or depriving the enemy of coercion or attacking neighboring countries)”.

In October 1999, the US joint forces command launched the white paper version 0.

5 of “rapid decisive operation”, which formally put forward the concept of “rapid decisive operation”.

In May 2001, the joint forces command conducted many simulations, simulations and experiments according to the 2020 joint concept, and issued version 1.

0 of rapid decisive operations.

On August 9 of the same year, the joint force command launched the white paper version 2.

0 of “rapid decisive operation” for the needs of transformation.

So far, the basic framework of the theory has been basically formed.

The main operational style of the concept of rapid and decisive operations has been fully reflected in the Iraq war.

The U.S. military has achieved the war goal of “beating Iraq and toppling Sa” in only 30 days, which has tested and fully affirmed this theory in actual combat.

On December 24, 2002, US Secretary of Defense Rumsfeld signed an order that the US military began to deploy troops to the Gulf region.

By the day of the war, the United States and its allies had gathered nearly 300000 troops around Iraq in less than three months, including more than 250000 US troops and about 45000 British troops.

The US forces are mainly deployed in Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, Djibouti, Jordan, Israel, Cyprus, Greece, Hungary, Turkey, Afghanistan, the Mediterranean, the Persian Gulf, the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean.

Kuwait is adjacent to Iraq and has become a springboard for the US military to attack Iraq.

The United States has stationed nearly 170000 troops in this small country, including the 101st air assault division, the 82nd Airborne Division, the third mechanized infantry division equipped with the most advanced heavy weapons, the first mechanized infantry division of the fourth mechanized infantry division, the only digital division of the United States, and the first marine expeditionary force.

These units are deployed at Jaber air force base, Salem air force base, Doha barracks, Arikan barracks and Cabos base.

There are more than 9000 US troops stationed in Saudi Arabia.

It is mainly deployed at the prince of Sudan air force base, and U.S. troops are also deployed at Riyadh, escanvilic and Dalan Air Force bases.

The prince of Sudan air force base has about 4500 troops stationed in the air force command and the 9th air force command of the US central headquarters, the southwest Asia Joint Task Force Command, the joint intelligence center and the 363rd Aerospace expedition wing, equipped with about 100 combat aircraft of various types and command and control facilities.

Its main task is to command the southern watch operation.

On February 26, 2003, the United States and Saudi Arabia reached an agreement on expanding the authority of US operations in Saudi airspace, including the full use of the base in the event of the outbreak of war against Iraq.

The US military can not only use the air command and control center of Prince Sudan air force base, but also get the right to take off and land tankers, early warning aircraft and “United star” battlefield radar aircraft at its airport.

Riyadh, escanvilic and Dalan air bases are stationed with the 9th Aerospace expeditionary task force of the US air force, some troops of the 320th Aerospace Expeditionary Brigade, the 4409th air base brigade, etc.

In addition, there are two “Patriot” missile companies, one “Patriot” task force and army units such as communication and transportation.

The U.S. military in Bahrain is mostly Navy, with a small amount of air force, with a total of more than 6000 people.

The naval command of the US central headquarters and the 5th Fleet Command of the NavyBahrain is the command center of all US warships in the Mediterranean, red sea, Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea.

Among them, zufer (also known as jafal) naval base is home to the naval command of the US central headquarters and the 5th Fleet Command of the Navy, the Marine Corps detachment of the central headquarters, the special operations command and control detachment and other units.

It is the headquarters of the US Navy in the Middle East. U.S. P-3 and EP-3 aircraft are deployed at muharrak air force base.

In addition, there are a small number of troops at Sheikh isa air force base.

There are about 8000 US troops stationed in Qatar.

Udade air force base is the residence of the 379th Aerospace expedition wing of the United States.

It is equipped with F-15 fighters, kc-10 tankers, KC-135 tankers, E-8 “United star” and EA-6B electronic warfare aircraft.

It is an ideal starting point for the U.S. military to carry out air strikes against Iraq.

Salesia barracks is the command headquarters of the U.S. military in the Iraq war.

It is the latest forward base built by the U.S. military in the Gulf region and the largest army base of the U.S. military, or for the use of the army and air force.

Snoopy barracks are stationed in the southwest Asia forward command of the US Army Equipment Command and the combat equipment battalion.

The United Arab Emirates is a supply station for U.S. warships.

The 380th Aerospace expedition wing and 763rd and 4413th air tanker squadrons of the U.S. air force are stationed in the air force base in the territory, which is responsible for air refueling of U.S. troops in West Asia and supporting the “Southern watch” operation.

The 405th Aerospace expedition wing of the US air force is stationed at samret air force base.

In addition, there is an army brigade stationed in Afghanistan.

The 320th Aerospace expedition wing of the US air force is stationed at the Hebrew International Airport in Oman.

The US 355 air expedition brigade is stationed in Masila Island air force base, which is the US air transport center and the forward base of B1 bombers.

Musnai air force base has 10 b1-b bombers and 46 other aircraft.

Turkey’s ingerlik air force base is home to the 39th Aerospace expedition of the US Air Force and the “northern watch” operation support force, including more than 60 F-15, F-16, EA-6B and E-3A fighters.

It is the combat equipment and material reserve center of the US military in northern Iraq.

Ankara air station is stationed in units such as the 7217th base brigade of the US air force, with about 500 people, mainly responsible for supporting the “northern watch” operation.

About 5000 people of the 4th mechanized infantry division of the US Army are stationed in diyarbakr barracks.

At the soda Bay naval base in Greece, there are RC-135 of the US air force, EP-3 reconnaissance aircraft of the US Navy and KC-135 tanker providing air refueling for aircraft.

The base is the military intelligence center of the U.S. military in the Middle East, the Balkans and the Mediterranean.

It is responsible for collecting intelligence and monitoring the mobilization and military capability of Iraqi troops.

In addition, Djibouti has about 1600 anti-terrorism special forces officers and soldiers, including the fifth special operations brigade, including the joint task force of the US military and the “Predator” unmanned aircraft in the moner barracks.

There are 10000 US troops stationed in Afghanistan, including the first unit of the 82nd Airborne Division.

There are more than 1500 US military personnel stationed in Hungary.

Jordan has 1000 US Air Force personnel and 27 aircraft stationed in Jordan.

Israel has 500 air defense artillery battalions and communication forces subordinate to the 69th US Air Defense Artillery Brigade, equipped with “Patriot” air defense missiles.

There are more than 3000 US troops stationed in Cyprus.

In the Mediterranean, aircraft carrier battle groups “Truman” and “are deployed.

The aircraft carrier battle groups “constellation”, “Eagle” and “Nimitz” are deployed in the Persian Gulf, while the aircraft carrier battle group “Nimitz” is deployed in the Arabian Sea.

At the Diego Garcia base in the Indian Ocean, the 40th Aerospace expedition wing of the US air force is stationed, which is mainly equipped with B-52, B-2 and kc-135r aircraft, and stores all the equipment of three armored battalions and three mechanized infantry battalions of the army.

The base has perfect comprehensive facilities and important strategic position.

It is not only the only military base of the U.S. military in the Indian Ocean, but also the most important sea and air combat base and logistics supply base of the U.S. military in the Indian Ocean.

In terms of allies, the British army has 45000 people, more than 30 naval ships of all types and 17 combat ships of all types, including the aircraft carrier battle group “Royal Ark” escorted by six warships.

The air force deployed more than 100 tornado and Jaguar fighters in Kuwait and Saudi Arabia respectively.

There are about 25000 ground troops stationed in Kuwait, mainly the 1st Armored Division of the British army and the 3rd Marine assault brigade of the Royal Navy.

Australia sent more than 2000 soldiers, as well as two destroyers, an amphibious command ship, four Bumblebee fighter bombers, two navy patrol aircraft and two Boeing 707 air tankers.

In addition, Spain dispatched a frigate and Italy dispatched a destroyer.

The Iraqi side was also forced to make intensive preparations for war.

On January 6, 2003, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein delivered a speech to commemorate the 82nd anniversary of the founding of the Iraqi army, saying that Iraq would win the duel with the United States.

He also accused the UN weapons inspectors that their questioning of Iraqi scientists and the situation of Iraqi military camps was “entirely intelligence activities”.

Before the war, Iraqi state media continued to report that Iraqi President Saddam Hussein convened a meeting of senior generals to listen to reports on war preparations.

This seems to indicate that the Iraqi government is actively preparing to fight back against the US military.

At the same time, it also shows the world that the Iraqi people will never yield to the United States.

The frequent meetings of senior generals of the Iraqi army and the large distribution of daily necessities made a strong atmosphere of war preparation diffuse in the air of Iraq.

Senior Iraqi generals, including Saddam’s two sons KUSAI and Uday, attended the meeting of senior Iraqi generals chaired by Saddam.

KUSAI and Uday are respectively in charge of the Iraqi Republican Guard, “Saddam death squads” and other elite Iraqi troops.

They said they would “attack everywhere and defeat the ‘evil enemy'”.

In order to implement the war preparations, Saddam also frequently met with senior Iraqi generals to discuss specific military preparations.

Saddam asked the Iraqi general to pay attention to Israel’s activities in the Palestinian area and the changes of its weapons and equipment, reminded the Iraqi army to be prepared for anti airborne operations, and warned the senior Iraqi general to prepare for the worst, formulate corresponding tactics and give full play to the role of the Iraqi special forces.

In addition, the government of Iraq has strengthened militia training and started distributing weapons to the population.

In addition to military preparations, Iraq is also actively preparing for war in other aspects.

After the Gulf War, the international community imposed severe economic sanctions on Iraq.

IrahThey may be buried with biological and chemical weapons of mass destruction.

Using biological and chemical weapons and launching biological and chemical warfare will be Saddam’s last mace.

Trump card 4: military loyalty.

Saddam Hussein once claimed that there were about 1 million armed men in his country, including a large number of militias, local armies, regular forces and elite forces.

A considerable part of these personnel are his “dead men” who work hard for him.

Saddam’s elite troops, the Republican Guard and security forces, will pledge their allegiance to Saddam to the death.

They will fight for Saddam to the last minute and shed the last drop of blood.

The support of the people is also great.

Saddam used cultural, family and other factors to unite a large number of people.

The Iraqi army also spread their loyalty among the people.

If street warfare is fought, it is possible that all the people will be soldiers, making the U.S. military lose its initiative in the siege of the army and the people.

Trump card 5: trap mobile operation.

The US British coalition forces have the technological advantages that Iraqis are ashamed of, but Iraq will make full use of its advantages of mobility and flexibility to let Americans disperse their forces and fall into their trap through continuous transfer and detour.

Perhaps, when the US British coalition forces rushed to the front in a murderous manner, they found that there was no one, so they had to run to another place in anger.

Trump card 6: military and civilian mixed use of “meat shield”.

The thorny issue of human flesh shield is what the US military is most worried about.

The voices of anti war in various countries are very high.

In some countries, many hot-blooded elements have traveled thousands of miles to Iraq to try to block the cold muzzle of American soldiers with their bodies.

In addition, once the war starts, some American soldiers will inevitably be captured by the Iraqi army.

When Saddam is desperate, he is likely to use these people as “shields” to make it difficult for Americans to start.

Of course, the most troublesome thing is the civilian problem in Iraq.

If Saddam ordered troops to enter civilian homes, every American military action will face international moral criticism.

If the U.S. military causes a large number of deaths of meat shields, it conflicts with the humanitarianism and liberation of the Iraqi people in the war that the United States has been advocating before, which makes the war reason that is already lack of legitimacy paler.

Ace 7: secret agent.

Once the war starts, the US military will firmly control the air control over Iraq.

Iraq is backward in technology and equipment and lacks reconnaissance and communication equipment.

However, this did not prevent Saddam from obtaining timely information on all fronts.

In order to cope with the adverse situation, Saddam equipped some of his intelligence personnel with cellular phones.

Even in enemy occupied areas, they can quickly get the latest news.

After the United States occupied a place, the day when American soldiers marched in on a large scale was also the time for the operation of some “secret weapons” in Iraq.

They get the cover of the local people, or mix with the refugees and create endless trouble for the US British coalition forces by poisoning, burying bombs, destroying power plants and other means.

In addition, they can even sneak into Kuwait, the “backyard” of the US war, to create terrorist incidents.

Ace 8: “death squads”.

In Saddam’s military bunker, it is estimated that there are also a certain number of aircraft and helicopters.

Once the war starts, the red eyed Iraqi soldiers may become “dead men”, drive the plane into the US aircraft or troops, die with them and go to the yellow spring hand in hand.

If Saddam’s plan is successfully implemented, the blow to the US military will be huge.

On the one hand, Iraqis have caused losses to the US side through their actions and expressed their determination to defend the motherland to the death.

On the other hand, it also brought a strong shock to the international community and made the American people put pressure on the government.

Ace 9: missile attack on Israel.

In the first Gulf War, the multinational forces suffered from “Scud”.

Although the interception rate of “Scud” by the U.S. military claiming to be “Patriot” reached 30%, even so, 70% could not be intercepted, which was enough for the multinational forces and Israel to drink a pot.

When it comes to the Gulf War, the Israelis still have lingering fears.

At that time, hundreds of Israelis were killed in missile attacks in Iraq, most of them scared to death.

This time, under the US military attack, whether Saddam will repeat his old tricks, at least the Israelis are very worried.

Although Israel’s missile defense capability has been greatly improved compared with that of more than a decade ago, if Saddam attacks Israel, he will declare his “courage” to the Arab world.

If Israel strikes back, it will be right in his heart, because the Arab world will give him greater sympathy and even help him.

Ace 10: blow up the dam and flood the seventh army.

Located in the middle and lower reaches of the Euphrates River, Iraq has developed water conservancy facilities and many dams and waterways.

Now people worry that Saddam Hussein, who killed red eyes, may order his men to blow up the dam when the U.S. military arrives in order to prevent the U.S. military from marching or deal a fatal blow to the U.S. military.

If some major dams are blown up, the US military will be forced to divert and detour westward to the desert area.

This obviously affected their marching and morale.

But everything has its advantages and disadvantages, and Iraq’s move will also bind their own hands and feet.

However, in hindsight, almost one of Saddam’s top ten trumps didn’t work.

The reason is thought-provoking.

The United States bypassed the Security Council and wantonly used force against a sovereign country.

Of course, it violated international law and was condemned by most countries and people in the world.

However, one of Saddam’s so-called top ten trumps can not be used, which also reflects that Saddam’s regime has indeed lost popular support at home.

The Baghdad defense war and street fighting, which were generally expected to happen before the war, unexpectedly did not happen.

Apart from overestimating the combat effectiveness of the Iraqi army and Saddam Hussein’s military strategy, the reason for people’s wrong assessment is that they have not well estimated the key factor of the actual attitude of the Iraqi people towards Saddam Hussein’s regime.