After the outbreak of the first World War, the leaders of social democratic parties of various countries in the second international openly voted in Congress for war funding and supported the imperialist war.
Second, with the progress of World War I, the international has also disintegrated.
In order to welcome the arrival of the world revolution, international workers urgently need to establish a new international revolutionary organization.
A lot of work has been done for the establishment of international revolutionary organizations.
In April 1917, Lenin proposed the establishment of a new international organization to replace the second international organization falling into social chauvinism.
In 1918, the Communist Party was founded in Finland, Austria, Hungary, Poland and Germany.
At this time, the imperialist powers were preparing to establish an international alliance at the Paris peace conference to jointly suppress the Soviet countries and the international communist movement.
Opportunists of social democratic parties in various countries are also actively planning to revive the second international.
In order to confront the international alliance of imperialism and weaken the influence of the resurgent Second International opportunism, the Communists of various countries put the establishment of new international organizations on the agenda.
In January 1919, initiated by the Russian Communist Party (Bolshevik), an International Conference on the preparation for the establishment of the Comintern was held, and in the name of the representatives of the participating communist parties and leftist organizations, the invitation to the Communist parties and leftist organizations all over the world to participate in the Founding Conference of the Comintern was sent.
At that time, the delegates to the meeting in Soviet Russia experienced difficulties and dangers.
After the Austrian Communist Party received Lenin’s invitation, the Central Committee of the Austrian Communist Party decided to send Grubel, chairman of the party, to attend the meeting.
Grubel left Vienna on February 10, 1919.
At that time, there were many obstacles and accidents from Vienna to Moscow.
Along the way, Grubel sat and rested at the steps, roof and connections of the carriage.
Sometimes he even sat on the wagon for transporting animals.
Finally, there was no wagon for transporting animals, so he had to walk.
At this time, the Russian Civil War had not stopped.
After entering the Russian border, we have to cross two white guard blockades to reach Moscow.
Once, Grubel passed a village occupied by the white guards and was found by white bandits.
He ran away desperately, and a group of white guards pursued him.
Grubel ran up a hillside, took off his cotton coat and wrapped his head.
He rolled down the slope into a ditch and got rid of the pursuit of the white guards.
He was hurt all over and his clothes were cut.
So he disguised himself as a soldier in rags who was released after being captured by the Red Army, sewed Lenin’s invitation and the representative certificate issued by the Austrian Communist Party into his military uniform, and braved the severe cold of more than minus 20 degrees to continue to advance to Moscow.
Walking, suddenly a group of people came from behind and surrounded him.
He was taken to an army headquarters.
“It’s over!” Grubel thought that he must have been caught by the white guards.
In a dark room, an officer began to interrogate him and search his uniform.
Grubel’s heart pounded with nervousness.
At this time, there was a small red star hanging on the yellow cap, sir! “Are you.
” Grubel asked in surprise.
“We are the Red Army.
” the officer replied.
“That’s great! I went to Moscow to attend the international conference convened by Lenin.
” Grubel said, tearing open his military uniform and taking out Lenin’s invitation and representative card.
The representative card is a cloth the size of a plate.
Everyone present was very surprised and immediately apologized to Grubel.
The next morning, the officer interrogating him, the division commander of the Red Army, personally sent him to the railway station, arranged him in the first-class carriage, gave him a bag of food and asked him to extend his warmest greetings to Lenin.
In this way, after a long journey of more than 20 days, Grubel finally arrived in Moscow in early March.
Walking on the streets of Moscow, Grubel was very excited.
The meeting he attended was of great historical significance.
Grubel came to the Kremlin.
The comrades who received him told him that yesterday’s meeting had officially opened, Lenin made an opening speech, and now representatives of all countries are making speeches at the meeting.
Grubel entered the conference hall and attracted the attention of the whole audience.
A few days ago, we got rumors that the representative of the Austrian Communist Party had died on the journey.
His sudden appearance surprised and delighted the delegates.
Grubel stepped onto the rostrum.
Lenin stood up, smiled, extended his hands to him and kissed him.
“Comrade Grubel, we will give you the floor at once.
” Lenin said.
“How can I speak in front of the audience like this?” “That’s what’s good.
” Lenin announced to the delegates that the Austrian representative who had been thought to have died had just arrived.
Now I give him the floor.
Gruber reported on the situation of the Austrian workers’ movement and how Austrian Communists fought fiercely with the Social Democratic Party, which had taken refuge in the country’s bourgeoisie.
His report was warmly welcomed by the delegates.
“Great, comrade Grubel!” Lenin held his hand tightly.
In the evening, Lenin briefed him on the previous meetings.
At previous meetings, the Soviet Russian delegation proposed the immediate establishment of the Comintern, and Lenin also supported this proposal.
However, some deputies believed that there was no need to rush to establish the Comintern.
Lenin consulted Grubel.
Grubel said that after receiving the invitation in his speech, Lenin confirmed that the Congress was the founding Congress of the Communist International.
Therefore, he fully supported the proposal of the representative of Soviet Russia.
At the General Assembly on March 4, Grubel made another speech, detailing the reasons for the need to establish the Comintern immediately.
There was thunderous applause at the meeting to express support for the proposal, and then a vote was taken.
As a result of the vote, the proposal was passed unanimously and the whole audience was jubilant.
All the delegates sang the Internationale.
On that day, Lenin walked onto the rostrum with joy and delivered a report on proletarian democracy and dictatorship.
Lenin reviewed the revolutionary course of the proletariat’s struggle, waved a powerful arm and said: “the mantis arm of the bourgeois Social Democrats can’t stop the surging tide of revolution.
Now, the proletariat must find out the actual form of its own rule.
This form is the Soviet system of proletarian dictatorship.
” He also said: “although the bourgeoisie is still bullying and killing thousands of workers, the victory belongs to us and the victory of the world communist revolution is just around the corner!” Lenin’s eyes were bright and excited when he spoke.
Since 1918After he was stabbed by the counter revolutionaries, his body had not recovered.
The comrades asked him to sit and talk, but he still stood up and waved his arms.
His voice was loud and powerful and resounded through the hall.
That evening, Gruber and several other representatives participated in the finalization of the declaration of the general assembly.
Lenin also came to discuss the text of the declaration with everyone.
From 22 p.m. to 6 a.m., Lenin forgot his fatigue.
Everyone read the declaration to him paragraph by paragraph and sentence by sentence.
He and everyone repeatedly debated the wording of this sentence and that sentence.
Finally, he smiled happily and said goodbye to everyone.
On March 6, the General Assembly adopted the Communist International Declaration.
The declaration calls on the working class of all countries to carry out a resolute struggle to realize the dictatorship of the proletariat and seize power.
Then, the presidium of the Executive Committee of Comintern was elected and the whole agenda was completed.
Lenin declared the conference closed.
After the founding of the Comintern, in order to clearly draw a clear line with the second international among the masses, it is also called “the second international”.
52 representatives from 35 political parties and leftist organizations from 21 countries attended the meeting.
Workers’ organizations in China, North Korea and other Eastern countries sent representatives to attend the meeting as nonvoting delegates.
The meeting adopted documents such as the declaration of Comintern, the program of action of Comintern and the articles of association of Comintern (Draft).
The Constitution stipulates that Comintern is a joint organization of the Communist parties of all countries established in accordance with the principle of democratic centralism.
It is a unified world communist party.
The Communist parties of all countries are its branches and under its leadership.
Comintern is the direct successor of the proletarian international revolutionary cause of the first international and the second international.
Its establishment gave the proletariat of all countries a United Center, further promoted the establishment of new proletarian revolutionary political parties in all countries, and promoted the development of revolutionary undertakings in all countries.
By 1922, 28 communist parties had been established in Europe, including the Russian Communist Party (Bolshevik).
In Asia, seven countries, seven countries in North and South America, and two countries in Oceania and Africa have established the Communist Party.
The Communist movement spread all over the world.
Under the guidance of the Comintern, the proletarian revolutionary struggle all over the world is surging.
Under the guidance of Comintern, revolutionaries from various countries organized one after another and established the organization of the Communist Party.
The Communist Party of the United States was founded in 1919, and the Communist parties of Spain, France and Britain were founded in 1920.
The Communist Party of Italy and China was founded in 1921.