Sky garden in blood time: 538 BC location: New Babylon (southern Mesopotamia plain) war parties: New Babylon vs Persian war background: in 729 BC, Babylon was annexed and conquered by Assyria.

About 100 years later, the Chaldeans gradually regained control of Babylon during the chaos in Assyria.

By 612 BC, the Assyrian Empire was destroyed and the new Babylonian kingdom was re established on the half wall of the Assyrian Empire.

At the same time, the new Babylonian Kingdom also occupied part of the territory of Egypt, which foreshadowed the future war of the new Babylonian kingdom.

The cruelty and romance of Nebuchadnezzar II Nebuchadnezzar II was a king who played an important role in the history of New Babylon.

During his reign, Nebuchadnezzar II launched two campaigns against Jews.

In 601 BC, Nebuchadnezzar II fought with Egypt in the border area, and both sides suffered heavy losses.

Taking advantage of this opportunity, the Jewish state, which has always been subject to Nebuchadnezzar II, made good to Egypt and wanted to obtain Egypt’s asylum.

The defection of the Jewish state caused the dissatisfaction of Nebuchadnezzar II.

Three years later, the army of the new Babylonian Kingdom attacked the city of Jerusalem on a large scale.

After more than two months of attack and siege, the Jewish king had to surrender.

Nebuchadnezzar II announced that he deposed the Jewish king, established a puppet regime, and established siddijia who was willing to obey as the Jewish king.

In order to solve the problem of labor shortage in Babylon, Nebuchadnezzar II captured a large number of Jewish craftsmen, ransacked the city of Jerusalem, and brought the looted treasures and craftsmen back to the kingdom of Babylon.

A year later, Zedekiah, the king of Judea, rebelled and attached himself to Egypt and fought against Babylon.

Nebuchadnezzar II defeated Egypt again and besieged the Jewish state for 18 months.

Hunger and illness followed in the city, and the Jewish people had to surrender to Babylon.

Nebuchadnezzar II led his troops into Jerusalem.

He severely punished the Jewish people, killed several of his princes in front of King Zedekiah, and dug out Zedekiah’s eyes.

He ordered the city to be set on fire, destroyed almost all the buildings in Jerusalem, took away many treasures and treasures, and captured a large number of Jews as slaves to the kingdom of Babylon.

These Jews became famous “Babylonian prisoners” in history.

During the reign of Nebuchadnezzar II, the new Babylonian Dynasty reached its heyday.

He paid great attention to national defense construction, took the Euphrates River as a natural moat, and built strong and spacious walls along the river.

Carriages can even run on the walls.

He built the city gate with pure copper, and the newly-built Babylon city was as strong as a fine steel fortress.

All the buildings in the city adopted the first-class technology in the world at that time, which was extremely luxurious and magnificent.

Among them, the most representative of the economic strength of the new Babylonian Dynasty is the incomparable “sky garden”.

At that time, the new kingdom of Babylon was allied with the kingdom of MIDI.

Nebuchadnezzar II married the princess of MIDI, ameedith.

The new queen was homesick and unhappy every day.

In order to make the queen happy, Nebuchadnezzar II used tens of thousands of slaves and the most advanced irrigation equipment to build an incomparably beautiful garden with running water all year round, which was called “sky garden” in history.

Nebuchadnezzar II’s romantic initiative greatly moved the queen, and the alliance between the new kingdom of Babylon and the Medes was stronger.

The short-lived 43 years of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar II in New Babylon was the most prosperous period in New Babylon.

In his later years, Nebuchadnezzar II suddenly suffered from a strange disease, lost his humanity and mind, was as crazy as a beast, and was covered with long hair.

The successors of the Babylonian Dynasty were extravagant, the slave owners treated the slaves cruelly and harshly, abused the Jewish nation for a long time, and various contradictions intensified.

Babylon gradually became a country full of holes.

During the reign of King naponida, Babylon fell into religious contradictions.

Naphonidah ignored politics and was replaced by Prince Belshazzar.

Moreover, the quality of domestic leaders does not lead to a deteriorating situation.

At this time, a nation in the east of Babylon was rising, which was Persia.

The Persian nation originated in ancient Elam.

According to the Bible, their ancestors were Shem, the son of Noah, with fighting blood flowing in their bones.

In nearly a century and a half, countless wars of unification, division, resistance and revival took place on this plateau.

Until 553 BC, Cyrus II established the Achaemenid Empire, which is the second Dynasty in Persian history.

Cyrus II was born in the royal family.

Before he was born, he was called the “future emperor” by the prophet.

At that time, the king ordered him to be executed in order to protect his position.

But the prophecy finally came true.

After several twists and turns, he finally ascended the throne and established his own empire.

Since then, he continued to expand his territory, occupied most of Central Asia within six years, and set his eyes on the territory of Babylon.

One day in 538 BC, there was a peaceful scene of singing and dancing in Babylon.

The young prince was celebrating his birthday.

The city was full of flowers and wine.

The man in power had no knowledge of the disaster the country was about to face.

Some elders and businessmen had quietly taken refuge in Cyrus II and became Persian insiders.

Nevertheless, Cyrus II, who fought in the north and south, was blocked outside by the strong walls of the city of Babylon.

It seems that his enemy is not the prince of Belshazzar in the city, but Nebuchadnezzar II, the founder of New Babylon.

He left this unbreakable fortress for his descendants.

After many days of observation and thinking, the wise Cyrus II decided to quietly build a dam in the upper reaches of the Euphrates River to drain the Euphrates River to other rivers, so that he could successfully cross the natural moat of Babylon.

In order to cover up this large-scale operation, Cyrus II led his soldiers to work at night as much as possible.

After the completion of the dam, he ordered to drain the river on the birthday of the prince of Babylon.

As expected, the singing and dancing in the city attracted the attention of most citizens.

When the garrison soldiers found this situation, it was too late to inform the prince.

In front of the powerful enemy, many soldiers gave up resistance and fled outside the city with their wives and belts.

The traitors in the city secretly opened the gate.

With the opening of heavy city gates, the Persian Legion occupied Babylon almost without a single soldier.

Cyrus II killed Prince Belshazzar and captured the old king.

He also met with him personallyThe Babylonian patron saint in the city shook hands with Marduk and said he was about to take over the land.

So far, the new Babylonian Kingdom has only existed for 80 years and disappeared in the long river of history.

In the following years, Cyrus II continued to expand his territory, reaching as far as the Egyptian border in Africa, making Persia the largest empire in the world at that time.

Common sense of history: Babylonian “Hanging Garden” is one of the seven wonders of ancient civilization, also known as hanging garden.

It was built for the queen by the new Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar II in the 6th century BC.

It is said that the sky garden adopts the three-dimensional gardening method, which puts the garden on the four-story platform.

The platform is made of asphalt and bricks, supported by 25 meter high columns and equipped with automatic irrigation system.

All kinds of evergreen flowers and trees are planted in the garden, which looks like a garden hanging in the air from a distance.

The hanging garden of Babylon had collapsed in the 2nd century.

By the end of the 19th century, German archaeologists excavated the ruins of Babylon and found the “Hanging Garden” with an area of about 1260 square meters.

According to archaeological research, the sky garden was built in the center of the Palace Square and supported by vault stone columns.

There is a large water tank at the top of the garden to supply appropriate water to plants at any time, forming an amazing oasis.