Charlie needs to find a relative in the foreign ruling family to inherit the throne because he has no direct descendants after his death. In addition to the territory, the inheritance and legacy of real estate also need to be in accordance with the provisions of the basic law or the constitution. However, the monarch has no right to decide who will inherit the country after his death.

Charles II, king of Spain, caused the crisis of succession to the throne because he had no heir after his death.

this article is excerpted from World History: 1689-1799, published by new world press in December 2014.

the succession of the Spanish throne

the 17th century is gradually coming to an end, and a major century of diplomatic problems have distressed the rulers of European countries. In 1665, Charles II succeeded to the Spanish throne. Who will inherit the Spanish throne after his death? For more than 30 years, in people’s rumors, death seemed close to him. Since Charlie had no immediate descendants after his death, he needed to find a relative in the foreign ruling family to inherit the throne. In addition to the territory, the inheritance and legacy of real estate also need to be in accordance with the provisions of the basic law or the constitution. However, the monarch has no right to decide for himself who will inherit the country after his death, at least in Britain, France and Spain. At that time, the power of monarchy was far from comparable to that of dictators in the 20th century.

the succession of the Spanish throne is not only related to Spain’s own interests, but also affects the power balance of Foreign Ruling dynasties and even the whole Europe. The so-called power balance on the European continent means that the power of any family or country is not enough to pose a threat to its neighbors. From the 1970s to 1980s, many countries believed that French King Louis XIV (in power from 1643 to 1715) posed a serious threat to the balance of power in Europe.

Philip V, king of Spain, is the grandson of Louis XIV of France and Duke of Anjou.

peaceful settlement of disputes over the throne: the second rate ruling family inherited

in 1697. The nine-year Augsburg alliance war ended with the signing of the lisvik peace treaty. Since then, Louis XIV turned to full efforts to maintain peace on the European continent. If he had insisted on the peaceful settlement of disputes from the beginning, the war of succession to the Spanish throne might not have happened. At that time, British King William III was also the king of the United Provinces (Netherlands). As soon as the liswick peace treaty was signed, he joined Louis XIV to discuss a solution to the Spanish problem.

the entire Spanish kingdom may be taken over by the house of Bourbon in France or the Habsburg dynasty in Austria (Holy Roman Empire). The Archduke of Austria and the kings of Hungary and Bohemia are worried about this possible outcome. In other words, power is justice. However, the result is not as bad as expected. Diplomats all over the world generally believe that the Spanish throne should be inherited by the second-class ruling families in Europe. Therefore, in 1698, William III and Louis XIV agreed that after the death of Charles II, most of the territory of Spain, including the vast colonies of Spain, West Netherlands (Belgium) and the new world, would be transferred to the young prince of Bavaria, the great grandson of the late King Philip IV of Spain (in power from 1621 to 1665). The Spanish territory in Italy will be divided by the Bourbon family in France and the Habsburg family in Austria.

in fact, the most persuasive to who will inherit the Spanish heritage is the Louis XIV family. Philip IV’s daughter, Mary Teresa, the late wife of Louis XIV, has designated her son and grandson as heir to the Spanish throne. However, her decision is likely to lead Louis XIV to make enemies everywhere in Europe and trigger a new round of war. Therefore, Louis XIV voluntarily gave up the right to inherit the Spanish throne and took over Naples and Sicily.

King Leopold I of Habsburg

the Spanish throne crisis broke out again: the European balance of power was difficult to maintain.

in 1699, the disaster finally exploded. After the death of the prince of Bavaria, the Spanish throne was vacant again. Even if a compromise is made, it is difficult to find a suitable successor. Thus, after consultation, Louis XIV and William III signed a treaty again to hand over the vast colonies of Spain, West Netherlands and the new world to Archduke Charles, the youngest son of Leopold I, king of Habsburg (in power from 1658 to 1705). Otherwise, if the above-mentioned territories fall directly into the hands of Leopold I, the balance of power of European countries is bound to be destroyed. According to the treaty, the Spanish territory in Italy was taken over by the son of Louis XIV, the crown prince of France. The “spekds” and “spkds” of the British maritime powers have aroused the most concern. They worried that France’s power in the Mediterranean would expand too much, so they asked France to give up Spanish territory in Italy and promised to divide a series of land near the French border to Louis XIV as compensation. However, given that Charles II’s will clearly stated that Spain could not be divided, this exchange has not been implemented.

in addition, a series of agreements have been reached between the Habsburg family in Austria and Spain. As a result, Leopold thought he had the right to inherit all the Spanish heritage. He not only turned a deaf ear to the anti war call, but also repeatedly claimed that the Habsburg family had the right to inherit all the Spanish heritage. He set the bottom line for himself – at least Spanish territory in Italy. Spain has occupied a series of traffic arteries in Italy, which are even more strategic than Spain itself.

at the end of 1700, King Charles II of Spain died. Because there are no children, his will