Tintin in the Soviet Union is Herge’s first Tintin adventure, but it has not been published in China. In 1999, when the economist reviewed Herge’s works, it lamented: “in any case, it now seems that Herge’s description of a country of tyranny and hunger is terrible and accurate.”

Tintin in the Soviet Union without Chinese translation

Tintin The Soviet Union “is the first Tintin’s adventures created by Erge, but it has not been published in China. In 1999, when the economist reviewed Herge’s works, it lamented: “in any case, it now seems that Herge’s description of a country of tyranny and hunger is terrible and accurate.”

since the 1980s, the adventures of Tintin has occupied a high position in the hearts of Chinese readers. From Congo to the moon, people are familiar with almost every story of him. Interested readers will find that the painting style of Tintin’s adventures, as the whole series, has been mature from the beginning and maintained a unified high level, as if the author was familiar with all comic book skills from the beginning.

and this is obviously not the case. Turning to Tintin’s work history, people will find a work that has never been introduced into China – “Tintin in the Soviet Union”, which is also the first Tintin’s adventure created by Herge. His adventure began not in East Berlin, but in Tintin in Congo.

the adventures of the Soviet Union

in fact, Tintin’s experience in the Soviet Union was quite simple – it was a Tintin style 007 Adventures of the Soviet Union. The 20th century sent Tintin to the Soviet Union to interview the social conditions under the Bolshevik rule. As soon as he stepped on the train to East Berlin, he was watched by the secret police as a “dirty petty bourgeoisie”. As soon as Tintin lay down comfortably, the secret police planned to assassinate him and blow up the whole train. Tintin sat unharmed on the train with only the floor, and didn’t understand what had happened. Then, the East Berlin secret police accused him of losing 10 cars and causing 218 people to go missing. On his way to Moscow, Tintin escaped the pursuit of planes and bombs and went deep into the Soviet Union.

what Tintin saw and heard in the Soviet Union is a complete black lens: during the election, the Bolsheviks pointed a gun at the voters with their heads down and said: “since everyone voted for the first list, there is no need to vote for the other two lists”; The factory pretended to be running at full capacity, but the noise was made by someone hiding behind; The government would rather starve the people than export food, so as to create a picture of agricultural harvest, and plans to point a gun at the rich farmers to force them to hand over their food. Tintin was constantly pursued and killed, and the secret police and secret agents planned to arrest and destroy him without reason. Tintin saved himself from danger every time. He not only broke into the Soviet army, warned the rich farmers to hide their food quickly and escaped a shot, but also found the secret fortress of the wealth collected and looted by the Soviet Communist Party in the snow. Finally, Tintin made a tree into an airplane propeller with a pencil sharpener, fled the Soviet Union, caught the secret police who tried to blow up all the European capitals, and returned to Belgium smoothly and was warmly welcomed by the people.

however, given that this is a game painted for children, Herge does not give the story a normal structure – Tintin is like being punished by heaven. Just because he is a reporter, he is always arrested and tried all the way. At the same time, Tintin also has more talent and luck than 007: he can assemble a car with broken engines and other things pulled out of the garbage, carve branches into aircraft propellers with a knife, and he will be unharmed even if he is blown up by a detonator; Snow white can make an escape passage on the ground. No matter how you look at it, the story is like Brecht absurdity.

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have never been to Erge in the Soviet Union. How can they have such a strong prejudice against the Soviet Union? One reason is that his 20th century newspaper holds an orthodox Roman Catholic position. The newspaper is positioned as a “newspaper of Catholic doctrine and news”, and Norbert wallez, the editor in chief, is an extremely conservative rightist. His orthodox and conservative political views were precisely the mainstream political views of Belgium at that time.

Tintin in the Soviet Union was created from 1929 to 1930 and serialized in the children’s supplement of the 20th century newspaper in Erge. From the beginning, this work was positioned as a publicity work for children. So Herge told the children this strange story with a game mentality.

in a report in the economist, Tintin researcher Charles Dierick commented: “the key to Tintin series lies in his habitual thinking of ‘born in a small country’.” If this refers to its traditional European moral principles and conservative personality, it is a very pertinent evaluation.

young mistakes

throughout the series, Tintin maintained the most traditional moral concept in Europe in the early 20th century. For example, they despise upstarts and money (upstarts are also Jewish faces with an eagle hook nose); Overcome the enemy with loyalty, friendship, trust, intelligence rather than brute force, etc. For Chinese readers, “Blue Lotus” is a typical example: Although the Chinese people represented by Zhang Chongren are ragged, they are all smart, simple, hardworking and modest. The Japanese soldiers wear round rimmed glasses and have a fierce and cunning face. Two buckteeth are exposed under the beard, which is similar to the notorious Kwantung Army Staff Officer Chen Zhengxin.

and this work is not imagined by Herge. In fact, most of the content can be found in “the Soviet Union after the veil” written by Joseph douillet, a Belgian who served as ambassador of the former Soviet Union for nine years.

in this book, the author accuses the former Soviet government of cheating foreign visitors. The Soviet Communist election he recorded was carried out by pointing a gun at the voters. He also wrote: “the Soviet government was at the forefront ofIn recent years, people from western labor circles have been invited to visit the Soviet Union with ulterior motives, providing them with tempting privileges such as simple visas and free car travel. The Soviet government claimed that only when workers visited the Soviet Union in person could they see how false the western media attacks on the country were. The purpose of this was to show the invitees the factories, care centers and nursing homes so that they could see the perfection of such facilities in the Soviet Union.

although duyat is an extreme moralist, his words are not false. In the 1930s, the Soviet Union frequently invited Western intellectuals to visit the Soviet Union. This list includes Bernard Shaw, Roman Roland, Kidd, and even Qu Qiubai. Some intellectuals, out of innocence, wholeheartedly sang praises for the Soviet Union, such as being good at speaking. ” The lesson of history is that there is no lesson. “Such a witty Bernard Shaw Orwell specially created a role of” Dove “in the animal farm to satirize him. Li Di, the Soviet pitching newspaper, sang a high profile for him. When Bernard Shaw died, literary daily and Soviet art published special articles to mourn and praise him.” It describes the British bourgeoisie’s imperialist policy of plundering with strong irony.

some people don’t want to tell, such as the Moscow diary Roman Roland, which has been sealed for 50 years. Because he had long defended the Soviet Union as a friend of the Soviet Union, even after the assassination of Kirov, he had to continue to defend Stalin; Even so, he was criticized by the Soviet media after falling out of favor with Stalin. Fortunately, Herge stayed in Western Europe all his life and had no direct relationship with the Soviet Union. Otherwise, it is normal to be criticized.

was very popular in Belgium after its publication. It satisfied people’s anti Soviet sentiment. How successful is this work? On April Fool’s day, the 20th century published a letter from the KGB, which indirectly proved Tintin’s existence; The newspaper even invited actors to play Tintin, which was warmly welcomed by people. Since then, the Tintin series started, and Erge really focused on the story writing and painting of this series.

after 1942, Herge began to seriously redraw the early Tintin series. Because of the rough picture and narration of this work, he thought it was a “young mistake” and never took it out again. With the increasing success of Tintin series, the first edition of this book has become the object of collectors’ pursuit; Due to the great pressure of piracy, it had to be reprinted decades later. Today, although it has maintained its initial roughness, it has become a historical witness. In 1999, when the economist reviewed Herge’s works, it lamented: “in any case, it now seems that Herge’s description of a country of tyranny and hunger is terrible and accurate.”

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