“They want to stab Iraq in the back with a poisonous sword –
– Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990. In the early morning of August 2, 1990, faint stars shone over the vast desert. At this time, on the Iraqi side of the border, rows of artillery slowly raised their heads and opened their gloomy muzzle; Soviet made heavy tanks spread out in a fan and lay quietly on the desert; Groups of soldiers gathered in the open area of the border. On the Kuwaiti side, as usual, people have long fallen asleep in sweet dreams. Tonight is destined to be an extraordinary night.
Iraqi tanks drove into Kuwait
at 1 a.m. Kuwaiti time, a huge tank cluster surged from the north to Kuwait like a tide. The sound of gunfire and gunfire intertwined, tearing up the tranquility of the night sky, and the sky was burning red.
Iraq, with 14 divisions, nearly 100000 troops and hundreds of tanks, crossed the border to carry out a large-scale attack on Kuwait with the support of the air force and the cooperation of the Navy. The Iraqi army went southward along the Basra Kuwait International Highway like a torrent of steel. In front of the powerful Iraqi army, the 20000 troops in Kuwait seemed so insignificant that they did not organize effective resistance at all. Many Kuwaiti soldiers fled long before the Iraqi army arrived, and many weapons and equipment also fell into the hands of the Iraqi army. It is reported that 600 KLA people were killed in the battle, 5000 people withdrew to Saudi Arabia, and most of the rest broke up or surrendered.
at 2:30 p.m., the Iraqi army captured the Emir palace and took control of Kuwait City. Under the cover of the royal palace guard, King Emir Jabir SA and some members of the royal family fled by helicopter to the United States warship anchored in the Persian Gulf, and then transferred to Saudi Arabia, while his brother was killed in the battle to defend the royal palace.
on August 3, the Iraqi army captured some important areas in the West and south of the Kuwaiti capital, thus basically controlling the whole of Kuwait. In this way, Kuwait perished overnight.
Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait caused an uproar in the international community. No one would have thought why Saddam Hussein aimed his gun at Kuwait, the same two Arab brotherly countries. What’s more, during the eight-year war between Iraq and Iran, Kuwait not only always stood on Iraq’s side and became its solid political ally, but also made great efforts to help Iraq economically, supporting Iraq as much as $15 billion. Why did Iraq bite the hand that feeds it?
let’s take a look at what Saddam said first.
“the reason why we take action against Kuwait is that the ruling family of Kuwait is good at extortion, exploitation and attacking its opponents. They have set up a large conspiracy against us. They want to stab Iraq in the back with a poisonous sword.”
a small oil Kingdom, whose total population is not much more than the number of Iraqi troops, dares to organize a conspiracy against a powerful neighbor. This sounds like a fantasy and no one will believe it.
everyone knows that this is an absurd excuse, but what kind of root lies behind it?
first, from the perspective of geographical location: Kuwait is located in the northeast of the Arabian Peninsula, adjacent to Saudi Arabia in the south, Iraq in the West and North, and the Persian Gulf in the East. Kuwait’s coastline is relatively straight, with a total length of 499 kilometers. The Gulf of Kuwait extends 40 kilometers inland and is an excellent haven. The largest offshore island is bubiyan Island, covering an area of 863 square kilometers, as well as walbay Island, faleker Island, kubair island and meskan island. Iraq is located between the Arabian Peninsula, the Asia Minor Peninsula and the Iranian Plateau, bordering Iran to the East, Turkey to the north, Syria and Jordan to the west, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia to the south, and the Persian Gulf to the southeast. Iraq’s coastline is only more than 50 kilometers, and the sovereignty of the Arabian River, the only waterway to the sea, is also disputed with Iran.
it is not difficult to see that although Iraq is a Gulf country, its geographical conditions are very unfavorable. In order to change its unfavorable geographical location, the only way out is to develop to the southeast. Once it controls the whole territory of Kuwait, Iraq can not only extend its coastline by 213km, but also have modern Kuwait port and Mina Ahmadi port. At that time, Iraq will no longer be subject to its neighboring countries and will completely have the large sea port it has longed for for many years.
from an economic point of view, Iraq is for money. Money, money, money! What Saddam needs most is money. He dreams about money. The eight-year war between Iran and Iraq has seriously damaged Iraq’s vitality, severely damaged oil production equipment, interrupted offshore oil routes, sharply reduced oil production, and the oil revenue is less than 15% of that before the war. On the contrary, the expenditure of the war has soared, and the income can’t make ends meet every year. The war not only brought hundreds of billions of dollars in losses to Iraq, but also made it owe a lot of foreign accounts. Before the war, Iraq had $30 billion in foreign exchange reserves, but its post war debt was as high as $100 billion.
as a neighbor of Iraq, Kuwait is one of the richest countries in the world, with a per capita national income of US $13400, a national reserve of US $80 billion, overseas assets of more than US $100 billion and an annual oil income of US $10 billion. If Kuwait is annexed, it can not only relieve its debts to Kuwait, but also obtain Kuwait’s wealth and alleviate domestic economic difficulties.
in the face of such a piece of fat, Saddam had a crooked heart, wanted to get something for nothing, and set his eyes on Kuwait, a rich and weak neighbor.
finally, from the perspective of resources. The Middle East is one of the most oil-rich regions in the world. Its annual output accounts for more than 30% of the world’s total output and sales account for more than 60%. It is the world’s energy supply center. Iraq and sectionWitt is a famous oil producing country in the world, and oil is their economic pillar. It is reported that by the end of 1989, Iraq’s proven oil reserves were about 100 billion barrels, accounting for 9.98% of the world’s total proven oil, second only to Saudi Arabia. Kuwait’s proven oil reserves are about 94.525 billion barrels, accounting for 9.43% of the world’s total proven oil, ranking fourth in the world. The average daily output of crude oil in the second half of 1989 was 2.97 million barrels in Iraq and 1.983 million barrels in Kuwait, accounting for 4.58% and 3.06% of the world’s average daily output. Most of their crude oil is sold overseas to obtain oil revenue.
Saddam also saw Kuwait’s rich oil resources. Once Kuwait’s oil resources were fully mastered, Iraq would have 20% of the world’s total proven oil reserves, and dollars would flow into Iraq continuously. More importantly, once it has mastered the world’s oil depots and oil resources, Iraq can not only grasp the lifeline of its economy, but also have a greater voice in the international community, and its international status will rise with it.
based on the above factors, Saddam chose to take risks and risk the world’s condemnation to start against his brother Arab countries, which is the so-called “born from the same root, why is it too urgent to fry each other”.