from September 1 to 8, 1920, the first Oriental National Congress of the Communist International was held in Baku, and most of the participants came from Europe. Full of revolutionary pride, the deputies formulated the policy of Comintern in the East: Launch revolution everywhere without delay. The total amount of money spent by the conference cannot be counted because there is no complete record. Despite the famine in Russia and the starvation of millions of people, the executive committee did its best to entertain the representatives. Even so, foreign revolutionaries are still dissatisfied with living conditions and often complain. Their complaints annoyed the old Bolsheviks. The procurator of the workers’ and peasants’ procuratorate said angrily: “you have enough to eat and drink, and everyone’s carriage fee is 50000 rubles a day. The Italians and Oriental revolutionaries are spoiled and have to take a carriage everywhere, as if you can’t walk without a carriage.”
Comintern usually refers to the third Comintern, which was established on March 2, 1919. If the first or second international is mentioned, the ordinal words “first” or “second” should be marked. The Communist International only refers to the “Third International”, sometimes even simplified to “international”. The Communist International in this article refers to the third international.
are very different and should not be confused. The Comintern was founded by, Zinoviev, Trotsky and others, with Zinoviev as the chairman, in order to realize the world revolution. The initial idea was that the Communist International would lead the Communist parties of all countries, and the Communist parties of all countries would join the Communist International as branches and pay membership fees for the needs of carrying out revolutionary activities. Although the Communist parties of all countries, especially the European Communist Party, want revolution, they lack funds, or even no funds. After the first Congress of the Communist International, representatives of all countries participating in the conference turned to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China for help. Lenin and other comrades firmly supported the world revolution and believed that it was incumbent on them to provide funds for the world revolutionaries, and the United Communist Party should help them out. However, after the first World War and the October riots, the Russian economy suffered great damage, and the Soviet regime’s own ruble was not much. What shall I do? Fortunately, the United States has treasures, which can be exchanged for foreign currency, or simply sent directly to revolutionaries in various countries.
funds come from “plundered property”,
these treasures come from “plundered property”. Aristocrats, bureaucrats, landlords, capitalists, priests and other exploiting classes plundered their wealth from the people, and now the Bolsheviks plundered it from them.
plunder the priest’s “plundered property”, I am a little puzzled. From literary works, we can see that Russian priests are not rich. It was not until I read Yakovlev’s new book that I realized that it was not the priest who plundered, but the church. Yakovlev was a member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the chairman of the Rehabilitation Committee for victims of political persecution directly led by the president of the Soviet Union. His words should be based on the fact that he can see files that ordinary people can’t see.
he wrote in his book: “The regime of house raiding has long coveted the wealth of the Orthodox Church. These wealth has been accumulated by the church for hundreds of years. Successive czars and emperors, nobles and rich businessmen have donated a lot of money and treasures… The church has done a lot of work beneficial to society. It has established free hospitals, orphanages, nursing homes, shelters, middle schools and colleges. As we all know, 1921 In, Russia suffered a famine, and the church could not be indifferent to the starvation of millions of people. The noble patriarch Jihong wrote to Lenin and suggested selling some precious items of the church to buy food. The great shepherd did not know that Lenin was extremely disgusted with such acts of kindness. He believes that any act of kindness is bourgeois prejudice. Lenin read out the letter of the patriarch at the Political Bureau and claimed that using this letter to condemn the church’s unwillingness to help the victims, the government must rob the church. ” (whirlpool of memory, 150 pages, Tongren press, 2001 Russian Edition)
on May 5, 1922, Petrograd Pravda reported: “… captured 30 pute treasures in total. The most valuable are two costumes of the holy image inlaid with diamonds. One costume of the holy image is inlaid with 151 diamonds, including 31 large diamonds, and there are also strings of pearls and countless small diamonds… The other costume of the holy image is inlaid with 73 diamonds, 17 rubies, 28 emeralds and 22 pearls. The halo on the top of the holy image is inlaid with precious stones, which is worth even more City… “The newspaper reported on the 22nd of the same month:” on May 18, the property of isakiev cathedral was cleared and confiscated. The confiscated property was filled with two trucks… “It seems that the Bolsheviks have implemented Lenin’s instructions. Part of the files of the Comintern have been kept in the Russian national social political history archives, which are now public. According to the archives, in March, the month when the Comintern was established, the United Communist Party allocated 1 million rubles to the Comintern Executive Committee (hereinafter referred to as the Executive Committee); May – 3 million rubles, the figure has climbed to 10 million rubles. From April to August, the Comintern Executive Committee received 6.4 million rubles from the Communist Party of China, 3.52 million worth of valuables from Lenin’s Secret fund, 8000 and 50000 Swiss and Austrian krona, 125000 and 77300 German and Finnish marks from the national bank. In the autumn, the Scandinavian Bureau received 1 million rubles and 60000 kroner worth of treasures from the Executive Committee.
treasures are jewelry inlaid with great grandmother’s emeralds, rubies and sapphires, diamonds weighing from 5 carats to 20 carats and the decorations of noble women. They can’t tell how many treasures the Bolsheviks have. They often just measure things with their eyes. According to the file, Yakov, who presided over the Comintern press in Berlin? Reich once obtained a treasure worth 300000 rubles from the United Communist Party. He recalled taking him into the basement of the Kremlin, where treasures were piled up for him to take by himself. He packed a suitcase full of precious stones. Even if the suitcase is not big, it will not be less than 3kg full. The jewelry sent to the Balkan Communist Party is worth 1 million.
can only smuggle gemstones out of the country. The Executive Committee has experts in smuggling, and its public identity is business representative. They hide treasures in the soles of shoes, boxes, tops, jam or beesHoney in a tin. However, the business representatives of Comintern are not so serious and responsible about the valuables they carry. In 1919, a man named borokin took the treasure to the United States. He suspected that someone was following it, so he handed the treasure to the fellow travelers and asked him to take his suitcase to Chicago. Unexpectedly, the fellow travelers disappeared without a trace; Another woman took two boxes of jewelry to Stockholm. On the way, one box was stolen by the Finns. The other business representatives are not serious and responsible, but have bad intentions. Luxembourg female journalist delivered two huge rubies to the German and French Communist parties, but they will never return. Later, it was said that she bought the manor and lived a leisurely life. The Bolsheviks either turn a deaf ear to these phenomena or do not know them at all. They do not account for the economy. However, the Executive Committee had to intervene and set up a budget committee to investigate the use of funds. It is impossible to calculate the income and expenditure of the Comintern in one year from the existing files, because the Executive Committee receives supplementary appropriations from time to time in addition to the public income; Secondly, the financial affairs of the Executive Committee are strictly confidential and most of them are not recorded.