Section I war broke out and Smolensk Semu konstantinovich timusingo was born in fulmanka Town, Russia and Ukraine on February 6, 1895.
In 1915, tiemuxinge, 20, was enlisted.
He served as a private soldier in the Western Front Army during the first World War.
After the outbreak of the Russian Revolution in February 1917, he joined the army in the war to calm the kornilov counter revolutionary rebellion and the kalejin rebellion.
After the establishment of the Soviet Russian Red Army in 1918, he joined the Red Army.
In October 1919, timusingo served as the commander of the sixth division of the first Red Army cavalry and led his troops to participate in the operations in voronesh, Rostov, Zhitomir and maikop.
In August 1920, timoshingo was transferred to the commander of the fourth cavalry division and participated in the battle to crush the francer army supported by the allies and the heNo gang.
The red medal for defending the Soviet Union was awarded to the young soldier under the iron flag twice.
On September 1, 1939, after the outbreak of World War II, the German army occupied more than half of Poland in a short period of more than ten days.
In order to establish the “Eastern Front”, the Soviet Union strengthened national defense to protect the Ukrainians and Belarusians in Poland from entering eastern Poland.
Timusingo, then commander of the Kiev special military region, led two front armies of about 600000 people, crossed the kosong line and occupied western Ukraine.
On November 30, the Soviet Finnish war broke out and the Soviet army invaded Finland.
Relying on favorable terrain and Mannerheim defense line, Finland severely damaged the Soviet army, and the Soviet Army’s attack was frustrated.
In early January 1940, the Soviet Union formed the northwest front army, with Timoshenko as the commander, ready to attack Finland again.
On February 11, timoshingo launched an attack and broke through the Mannerheim line three days later.
Finland was defeated and forced to seek peace.
In view of timoshingo’s outstanding command and achievements in the Sufen war, the Soviet government specially awarded him the title of “Soviet hero”.
In May, he was appointed as the national defense people’s Committee and was soon awarded the rank of field marshal of the Soviet Union.
The top secret plan of “Barbarosa” to invade the Soviet Union is about to be implemented.
“Barbarosa” means “red beard”.
Red beard is the nickname of Frederick I, the Holy Roman emperor.
Frederick I is a guy who advocates aggression and expansion.
Hitler’s code name of the plan to attack the Soviet Union was “Barbarosa”, which was to suddenly attack the Soviet Union and defeat the Soviet Union in the way of Blitzkrieg like red beard.
Timoshenko was extremely alert to the actions of the German army on the Soviet border.
The report of the Soviet intelligence department on the large number of German troops gathering at the border and the report of the Soviet spy zorg on the German invasion plan from Japan attracted his great attention.
He believed that the German invasion of the Soviet Union was imminent.
On June 13, 1941, Timoshenko called to order the border troops to enter the operational state, implement the cover plan and launch the first echelon.
Stalin did not take his advice.
At this time, the large-scale assembly of German troops to the border was already very obvious.
With Stalin’s consent, Timoshenko suggested to the commanders of the military regions that the troops should approach the deployment area specified in the cover plan in the name of holding Corps tactical exercises.
This recommendation was implemented in all military regions, but most artillery units were unable to participate in the operation because they were trained in the shooting range.
On the evening of June 21, pulkayev, chief of staff of Kiev military region, reported to the chief of general staff that according to the confession of a German chief of staff who defected to the Soviet border defense forces, the German army was entering the starting area of the attack and would launch a war against the Soviet Union on June 22.
Zhukov immediately reported to timoshingo and Stalin.
After analyzing the situation with senior generals such as timoshingo and Zhukov, Stalin agreed to immediately order the border troops of the border military region to hide all fire points in the occupied border fortification area that night, disperse all military aircraft to field airports and camouflage them before dawn the next day, put all troops into combat readiness, and implement light control in cities and target areas.
The order was issued at 0:30 the next day, just hours before the German invasion of the Soviet Union.
At dawn on June 22, Germany dispatched 190 divisions, including the Dutch, Hungarian and Italian armies, with a total of about 5.
5 million people, 4300 tanks, 47200 large tanks and 4980 aircraft, to launch a large-scale attack on the Western Soviet Union.
On July 8, the German command assigned the task to field marshal Bock, commander of the “central” group army group: encircle the Soviet troops defending the West German Wiener River and Dnieper River areas, capture the regions of Orsha, Smolensk and Vitebsk, and open up a shortcut to Moscow for themselves.
On July 9, the German army had advanced 350 to 600 kilometers to the hinterland of the Soviet Union.
On July 10, the supreme command of the Soviet army was reorganized, headed by Stalin, and its members included Molotov, timusingo, Voroshilov, bujoni, Shaposhnikov, Zhukov and Kuznetsov.
The supreme command decided to divide the front line into three war zones.
Voroshilov was the commander of the northwest war zone, bujoni was the commander of the southwest war zone, and timusingo was the commander of the western war zone and commander of the Western Front Army.
At this time, the leading troops of the German “central” army group had arrived in Smolensk.
The German army’s attempt was to divide the Western army of timoshingo with a powerful assault corps, surround its main force in the Smolensk region, and then drive straight into Moscow.
Smolensk is an important western town of Russia and the capital of Smolensk Prefecture.
It is adjacent to Belarus in the West and less than 400 kilometers away from Moscow in the northeast.
It is known as the “gateway to Moscow”.
The city is located at the northwest foot of Smolensk Moscow highland and crosses both banks of Dnieper River.
Minsk Moscow railway and highway trunk line pass through it.
Its strategic position is very important.
The Soviet supreme command ordered timoshingo to resolutely resist the German attack.
Timoshingo will be from the base camp reserve and incorporated into the 22nd, 19th, 20th, 16th and 21st group armies of the Western Front Army, and start from north to south along the line of the two rivers, while some regiments of the 13th, 4th, 3rd and 10th group armies of the western front army defeated or weakened by the German army in the border war will be transferred to the rear to rest and supplement.
In order to increase the defense depth in this direction, the Soviet army launched the 24th and 28th reserve group armies on the front line of neridovo and Bryansk, 210 ~ 240 kilometers east of the main defense area of the Western Front Army, and successively established reserve front army, central front army and reserve front army behind the western front army.
But before the battle of Smolensk began, it was transferred from the rear to the WestOf the 48 divisions of the front army, only 24 reached the front line from idrica to the south of jalobin and occupied the position, failing to establish a stable defense in depth.
On July 10, the fourth armored group army of the German “central” group army, supported by the second air force, forcibly crossed the Dnieper River with a broad front and launched the Smolensk battle.
The Soviet Union and Germany fought a series of fierce battles and repeated battles in the vast area of more than 500 kilometers in front and more than 200 kilometers in depth “this ancient Russian city that once became a terrible obstacle on the road from the army to Moscow” and its vicinity.
On the afternoon of the 10th, the second German armored group bypassed the Soviet mojiliov and Orsha group, broke through the defense of the Soviet Western Front Army in many sections of the Dnieper River north of Rogachev shklov, and led the 24th, 46th and 47th armored armies to the ploboisk roslavl highway, Gorky Yelinia direction and the area south of Minsk Smolensk highway.
The 39th armored army belonging to the third armored group launched an attack from the West de Vina River landing site in Vitebsk region in the direction of weliy, forcing the 19th group army of the Soviet army to retreat in the direction of Smolensk.
The 57th armored army broke through the Soviet defense near Polotsk and then developed an attack in the direction of Neville, driving the 22nd group army of the Soviet army to the greater luki region.
The defense deployment of the Western Front Army of the Soviet army was divided into three sections by the German army.
The Smolensk area in the middle section was the focus of the competition between the two sides, and its north and South wings also fought fiercely.
In the Smolensk region, in order to prevent the German army from marching forward, the 16th, 19th and 20th group armies of the Soviet army launched counter raids against the German army in the region west of Smolensk and near olsha, respectively.
On July 13, timoshingo launched a counter assault with the left-wing 21st group army, crossed the Dnieper River, recaptured Rogachev and zhobin, and advanced towards Bobruisk to attack the south wing of the German “central” group army group and contain eight German divisions.
On July 14, the rocket artillery company of the 20th group army of the Soviet Army used the bm-13, or “Katyusha” rocket for the first time to launch a volley at the Orsha railway hub, which greatly deterred the German army.
However, under the fierce attack of German planes, the Soviet anti assault forces were forced to retreat.
With the deterioration of the regional situation in Smolensk, the Soviet presidential command established a reserve front army with lieutenant general pogdanov as the commander in the rear of the Western Front Army on July 14, under the jurisdiction of the 29th, 30th, 24th, 28th, 31st and 32nd group armies in old Rusa, ostashkov, bere, istomino Yelinia and Bryansk front-line organization defense.
In order to encircle the Soviet Smolensk group as soon as possible, the German army transferred the 39th armored army on the front line from the east of velige to jamidov to the north of Smolensk, and occupied yarcevo, 50 kilometers north of the east of Smolensk on July 16.
On the same day, the German 47th armored army and the Ninth Army of the second group army entering the Dnieper River captured Smolensk and Orsha respectively, forcing the Soviet 20th and 19th group armies to retreat northwest from Smolensk.
On July 20, the 46th German armored army occupied yelinia, more than 70 kilometers southeast of Smolensk, forming a protrusion extending towards Moscow.
So far, the German army pushed nearly 200 kilometers eastward, and the 19th, 20th and 16th group armies of the Soviet army were in danger of being surrounded in the northwest and east of Smolensk.
In order to remove the threat of the siege of the Smolensk group, Stalin ordered the Soviet field marshal Timoshenko to launch an attack on the German army within a few days on July 20.
To this end, the Soviet presidential command transferred 17 divisions of the reserve front army and the base camp reserve to the Western Front Army and organized them into five group army level battle clusters.
From July 23 to 25, the Western Front Army of the Soviet army carried out centripetal assault on the Smolensk region from bere, yarcevo and roslavli regions in four group army level battle clusters, in an attempt to cooperate with the Soviet army groups in the encirclement and annihilate the German army assault groups in the north and south of Smolensk.
This anti assault clamped down a large number of German troops, delayed the German attack, and effectively supported the main force of the 20th and 16th group armies of the Soviet army to break through from the gap south of yarcevo to the East.
However, the Soviet Army’s anti assault force was not strong enough, the attack preparation was relatively hasty, the time for each campaign cluster to fight was different, and the coordinated action between the anti assault force and the surrounded forces was not close enough, so it failed to fully achieve the predetermined goal.
On July 26, the German army closed the Smolensk siege from the East.
In order to support the operations of the Western Front Army and cover the direction of Moscow, the Soviet Army established a reserve front army with Zhukov as the commander behind the Western Front Army on July 30, under the jurisdiction of the 34th, 31st, 24th, 43rd, 32nd and 33rd group armies.
By August 5, the German army had eliminated the encircled Soviet troops.
Since July 10, the German army has captured about 310000 Soviet troops in Smolensk, captured or destroyed about 3200 tanks and 3100 artillery.
In the area north of Smolensk, the scale of operations between the two sides is relatively small.
On July 14, the German 39th armored army occupied Willi day and was later transferred to the Smolensk region in the middle, which weakened the assault force on the north wing of the German “central” army group.
Two days later, the German 57th armored army captured Neville and was ordered to advance in the direction of daluki with the 19th armored division, so as to alleviate the threat of the southern wing of the German northern group army group and speed up the attack in the direction of grad.
On July 16, the ninth group army of the German army, which joined the battle, occupied Polotsk with a force.
On July 20, it entered the front line of gorodok and Neville, and then took over the 19th armored division to carry out a pincer attack in the direction of daluki.
During this period, the Soviet 22nd group army, which was divided into several parts by the German army, continued to tenaciously resist the German attack in daluki and other places.
In the region south of Smolensk, the situation is complex and changeable.
On July 13, the troops of the 21st group army of the Soviet army were divided into three routes and turned to attack from Gomel and its north area.
Among them, the 66th infantry army advanced nearly 80 kilometers to the West and occupied some ferries of the Berezina River and pujiqi River.
The 63rd infantry army successfully crossed the Dnieper River, recovered Rogachev and zhlobin in one fell swoop, and then headed towards BobruiskDevelop attack.
The 67th infantry army, together with the 13th group army, stopped the attack of the German 24th armored army in the direction of roslavl.
In this regard, the German leadership group was deeply surprised.
On July 17, the German army used the 43rd and 53rd armies of the second group army to stop the Soviet attack in the south of Bobruisk and the southwest line of jalobin.
On the same day, the 13th group army of the Soviet army, which was surrounded in the Krichev region, fought hard to break through the siege and crossed the sori River in the East.
On the 20th, the army landed on both sides of the nieberwich River and the nieberwich River, and captured the second side of the nieberwich river.
In late July, according to the unified deployment of the Soviet President’s headquarters, while carrying out anti assault to Smolensk region, a cavalry group broke into the southwest and west of Bobruisk, and retreated to the north of pripiati river for defense after raiding the rear traffic line of the second group army of the German army.
From July 23 to 25, the Soviet army fought back from berei yarcevo roslavli to Smolensk.
Although the battle did not achieve all the expected results, it supported the breakthrough of the besieged 16th and 20th group armies, contained a large number of German troops and seriously weakened the strength of the German army.
In order to strengthen the military command over the southern wing of the Western Front Army, the Soviet presidential command decided on July 24 to form a central front army with general Kuznetsov as the commander with the 13th, 21st and third group armies to uniformly command the Soviet military operations between the Berezina River and the Dnieper River and along the soge river.
At the end of the battle in Smolensk region, in order to strengthen the attack on the Soviet Army on the north and South wings and solve the contradiction of Bu Tan coordination, the German “central” group army group cancelled the establishment of the fourth armored group army on July 29 and transferred its third armored group to the ninth group army on the north wing, The second armored cluster and the first division of the second group army are combined into the Guderian group military cluster.
By the end of July, German infantry had lost 20% and tanks 50%.
The German attempt to rush into Moscow was smashed.
On July 30, Hitler issued instruction No.
34: with the development of the situation in recent days, a powerful enemy appeared in the front and both wings of the “central” group army group, The supply situation and the need for a rest period of about 10 days for the second and third tank group armies – all this makes it necessary to postpone the implementation of the tasks and objectives set out in directive 33 of 19 July and the supplementary directive of 23 July.
Therefore, I ordered the “central” group army to take advantage of favorable terrain and turn to defense.
Since then, Hitler turned his strategic goal of first attacking Moscow to Leningrad and Ukraine.
The first German “central” army group turned to support the “northern” army group.
Another two group armies turned south, inserted into the rear of the southwest front army of the Soviet Union, surrounded the Soviet army from the East Bank of Dnieper River and attacked Kiev.
After the main attack direction of the German army shifted, the three front armies of the Soviet army launched a full line counter attack on Smolensk and its north and South wings, but failed to win due to the lack of troops and weapons.
From September 10, three front armies of the Soviet Smolensk front line were transferred to defense at the same time.
The Smolensk battle, which lasted for two months, has come to an end.
The Soviet army lost the battle, but it also caused serious losses to the German army.
250000 German troops were annihilated and restrained the German army for two months, which won valuable time for the Soviet army.
In the Smolensk campaign, the German army took advantage of the unstable foothold of the Soviet army and the incomplete defense system.
Relying on the strong armored force and close coordination with butan, the German army continuously carried out far-reaching pincer assault, partition, encirclement and individual destruction, annihilated a large number of Soviet troops, occupied Smolensk and other strategic areas, and pushed more than 200 kilometers east of the Dnieper River, Thus, it opened the door to Moscow and took the lead in achieving the operational objectives of the first stage determined by the “Barbarosa” operational forecast.
At the same time, the Soviet army continued to invest cutting-edge troops, killed and injured the German army with tenacious defense and continuous anti assault, delayed the German attack, and won valuable time for strengthening Moscow’s defense.
Under the powerful attack of the Soviet army, the combat capability of the German army, especially the armored assault force, decreased significantly, which had a serious impact on its subsequent operations.
Therefore, when Hitler inspected the “central” group army group on August 4, he admitted that it would be difficult for him to make up his mind to invade the Soviet Union if he knew there were so many Soviet tanks and aircraft before launching the war against the Soviet Union.