at present, the practice of formally comparing with is very obscene. If we compare the breadth of his character, Stalin can’t even be compared with Mussolini or.
Trotsky was born on October 26, 1879 and died on August 20, 1940. One of the most important proletarian revolutionaries in the history of Russia and the world, the left-wing leader of the international communist movement in the 20th century, and the main founder of the workers’ and peasants’ Red Army, the fourth international and the Fourth International. It is famous for its original development of “continuous revolution” and “world revolution” of classical Marxism.
Stalin was still unknown politically at the end of the civil war. Of course, the party’s responders know him, but they don’t treat him as an important leader. Although he is a member of the Political Bureau with supreme authority, for the general Party members, he is one of the most unknown members of the Central Committee. He was rarely heard in China, and the non Soviet world did not even feel the existence of this man.
however, in less than two years, his control over the party’s political machine became so powerful that Lenin believed that his power was so harmful that Lenin severed all “Comrade relations” with him in March 1923. Two years later, Trotsky, who was second only to Lenin among the leading members of the October Revolution and the Soviet government, had been demoted to a precarious political situation by the machine controlled by Stalin. Stalin not only replaced Lenin in his illness as a member of the party’s leading group of three, but also became the most powerful person among the big three, and later became Lenin’s only successor.
not only that, with the increase of years, he also obtained the power that Lenin had never enjoyed – that is indeed more power than the autocratic authority enjoyed by any czar in the long history of Russian autocracy How did this happen? What is the reason why Stalin leapt from political obscurity to political prosperity? What about its process?] Every historical stage of
, even the stage of great changes like revolution and counter revolution, is the product of the previous stage, rooted in the previous stage and has similarities with it. After the victory of the October Revolution, some writers argued that the Bolshevik dictatorship was just a new version of the Czar system. Like ostriches, they ignored the facts that the monarchy and aristocracy had been abolished, capitalism had been eradicated and a planned economy had been implemented, the state religion had been abolished and atheistic education had been given to the masses, and the landlord class had abolished and distributed land to farmers.
similarly, after Stalin defeated Bolshevism, many of these writers – such as Weber, wells and Laski, who had criticized Bolshevism before and now become fellow Stalinists – closed their eyes to the main hard to distort fact, that is, Although the means of repression had to be adopted in extraordinary times, the October Revolution brought great changes in social relations in favor of the working masses after all; On the contrary, the Stalinist counter revolution caused social changes that constantly changed the Soviet social order in favor of a few privileged hot Moon Party style reactionary bureaucrats. Similarly, regardless of the basic facts, some capitalist traitors, many of whom were once servants of Stalin, hid their heads deep in the sand of anguish and disillusionment, and did not see the counter revolution led by Stalin. Although there are some similarities with the counter revolution of the fascist party leader on the surface, they are different in some decisive and fundamental substantive issues; They fail to see that the root of this difference lies in the difference between the social basis of Stalin’s counter revolution and the social basis of the counter revolutionary movement led by Mussolini and Hitler, and between the dictatorship of the proletariat (no matter how distorted by the hot Moon Party bureaucrats) and the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie, It goes hand in hand with the difference between the working-class state and the bourgeois state.
moreover, Stalin’s experience is unique compared with that of the dictators Mussolini and Hitler, and this is a proof of this fundamental difference – in a sense, it can even be said to be a microcosm. Both men are advocates of some kind of movement, superior agitators and mouthpieces of the people. Although their political rise seems absurd, they all developed with their own motivation under the attention of the world, and are inseparably linked with the development of their own leading movement from the beginning.
the nature of Stalin’s rise is completely different from any event in history. His history seems to lack the previous stage. The process of his rise took place behind an impenetrable political curtain. I don’t know when his powerful body suddenly came out of the Kremlin. When the world first realized the existence of Stalin, he had become a dictator. People of insight in the world are discussing Stalin’s character from personal and political aspects with more eager attention. They searched for the key to his political future on the characteristics of his personality.
in order to understand Stalin and the reasons for his subsequent success, we must first understand the main motivation of his personality: desire for power, ambition and jealousy – the active and never extinguished jealousy compared with his more talented, powerful and high-ranking people. Mussolini once said to a friend with his special boasting tone: “I haven’t seen anyone who can compare with me.” Stalin dared not say such words even to his closest friends, because it was too rude, absurd and ridiculous. The Bolsheviks alone do not know how many of them are more ambitious than Stalin in the party.
Lenin gave power as a tool for actionHigh evaluation, but the simple desire to pursue power is incompatible with his character. This is not the case with Stalin. Psychologically, he has always believed that power is very different from the purpose it serves. He wants to exercise his will as an athlete uses his muscles and bones to excel others – this is the main driving force of his personality. Therefore, his will is constantly gathering strength, more and more aggressive, more and more active, the scope of expression is also more and more broad, and he has no scruples about everything. The more Stalin realized that he lacked many characteristics necessary to seize power, the more he strengthened his efforts to make up for every defect in his character, and the more skillfully he turned his weaknesses into strengths under certain circumstances.