Many people do not know that there were two turning points in the American War of independence, which completely changed the process of history.
Both transitions were completed by snipers.
The first sniper, Patrick Ferguson, came from a Scottish noble family.
After the outbreak of the North American War of independence, he entered the British army with accurate shooting and served as captain.
In 1777, Ferguson set up Britain’s first professional sniper team and went to the battlefield.
In a short time, Ferguson and his team used the advanced rifles at that time to scare many Americans to death on the battlefield.
In September of this year, Ferguson and his team were surrounded by Americans in a battle.
Ferguson ordered everyone to lie down and shoot, which soon opened a gap, and Ferguson led his team to break through.
After the breakthrough, he led his three men to Germanic City, Pennsylvania, which is the best place to snipe Americans.
While they were waiting, they suddenly heard the cry of the horse.
Ferguson immediately ambushed on an important road.
When he adjusted his gun to shoot, he saw two horses galloping down the road.
Ferguson soon concluded through their clothes that both men were enemy officers.
Ferguson ordered his men to hide and shoot when the enemy came within effective range.
His men aimed their guns behind the tree and waited for Ferguson’s order to shoot people and horses.
You know, these are all sharpshooters trained by Ferguson.
If four guns shoot together, two people and two horses will be killed on the spot.
The two horses were getting closer and closer.
According to Ferguson’s memory later, the distance should be about 110 meters.
He gave an order, not to his men, but to the two enemies.
He told them to dismount and surrender immediately, or shoot.
The two men were concentrating on riding and were startled when they heard Ferguson’s shout, but when they listened to Ferguson’s suggestion, they resolutely refused to accept it, but turned their horses around and prepared to run for their lives.
Where Ferguson would let them escape, he raised his gun, aimed at one of them and prepared to shoot.
Ferguson was in a good mood at that time, because the man was not only within effective range, but also had a clear vision.
With Ferguson’s shooting ability, he could shoot at least six times in a moment.
But instead of pulling the trigger, he watched the man ride out of his range.
Ferguson finally withdrew his gun and had a clear conscience.
He later said that because the man had his back to him and was unarmed, he should not shoot in such circumstances.
This is a gentleman’s practice.
On the same day, when Ferguson was leisurely trying to shoot others, others shot him.
He shouted and was carried to the hospital.
In the hospital, he was told that the man he treated as a “gentleman” was George, the commander-in-chief of the American army.
Also in 1777, the war of independence entered a critical moment.
In order to defeat the North American Continental Army in the shortest time, the British government mobilized three armies to occupy the Hudson River Basin, so as to cut off the connection between the Continental Army of Washington, the commander-in-chief of the North American army, and new England.
Unfortunately, the communication skills of the commanders of these three armies were quite poor.
As a result, only general bergoin led all the way down the Hudson River from Canada.
Of course, Washington will not miss this once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to immediately mobilize troops to surround bogoin in Saratoga, New York.
General Burgoyne never paid attention to the North American army, so he resolutely refused to retreat.
On September 13, his troops passed the temporary floating bridge under his order.
He divided the troops into three routes and drove south along the West Bank of the river.
Horatio gates, commander of the North American Continental Army, began building fortifications at a place called bimisco in the upper Hudson River.
Among his troops, there was the Daniel Morgan sniper regiment, the first sniper force in North America.
Gates is a natural defense genius.
His defense position is 1.
25 miles long and 0.
75 miles deep.
The earthworks and breast wall extend from the highland overlooking the Hudson River to the Nelson (a local farmer) house on the left.
As there is a deep canyon directly ahead, the position becomes more solid.
This line of defense is mainly guarded by the brigades of the Continental Army.
On the right side of this strong line of defense, American artillery controlled roads and rivers.
In the center of the defense line, the U.S. defense works run northwest to Nelson’s barn, where artillery groups are also arranged.
To the west of the barn is a small hill.
Here, the U.S. military has only built some fortifications, but the main position leads to Gates’s headquarters along the southwest.
The first contact between general bergoin’s forces and the Continental Army took place on September 17, in the Saud residential area about five miles from Gates’s position.
This was a battle that bogoin didn’t want to fight at that time.
He was passing through a wooded area with his troops.
Suddenly, several of his soldiers were hit by snipers.
His team got a little confused and began to fight back aimlessly.
But the other sniper kept sending bogoin’s soldiers to hell.
Bogoin immediately changed his strategy and decided to stop driving along the road to Albany and make direct contact with Gates’s forces.
Instead, he circled to the left of the enemy position and circled around, pushing the front from the cliff to the river bank.
On the morning of September 19, bogoin’s army set out from the Saud house in thick fog and drizzle.
Their troops are divided into three ways: General Fraser commands the right way, general Hamilton commands the middle way, and general Phillips leads the left way along the road by the river with the support of Ridder Zell.
General Fraser was the best strategist in the Third Route Army.
He swept all the way to the West.
Bogoin led the middle road along a large driveway across the great valley river, and then continued to the west, passing north of Freeman farm.
The three-way troops are far apart, especially on the middle and left.
General Fraser played very well in his theater, but he met the U.S. Morgan sniper regiment, whose snipers kept biting his troops.
In this close combat, the British artillery superiority was not brought into full play because their gunners suffered heavy casualties.
However, the Americans also failed to use the guns they captured, because the surviving Gunners always took down the firerope rod.
General bogoin gradually felt panic because he had lost many officers.
At that time, British officers were dressed brightlyBeautiful clothes, so it’s easy to be targeted by Morgan snipers.
However, bogoin’s army still took the initiative on the battlefield, but bogoin didn’t feel relaxed because snipers would kill his generals at any time.
On October 7, the biggest tragedy happened.
A North American sniper found general Fraser directing operations on the battlefield.
The sniper saw from his uniform that he was a big fish, so he climbed up a small tree and aimed at Fraser.
The sniper did not know that his name, Timothy Murphy, had been written on the human sniper list when he was targeting the British general on a white horse.
Murphy didn’t stay in the Morgan sniper group for a long time.
However, he had received strict and formal sniper training to enter the sniper group.
He had sniped at least 20 Britons on the battlefield.
So when he climbed up the little tree and aimed at Fraser and fired the first shot but missed, he was not upset at all.
Instead, he continued to aim and fired the second shot.
The second shot hit general Fraser’s saddle.
The horse was surprised.
Fraser shook on it.
Murphy almost closed his eyes and shot the third shot.
This shot accurately hit Fraser.
Fraser turned down from his horse and was carried to the field hospital by a large group of people.
That night, Fraser left the world forever.
The death of the general dealt a great blow to the British commander-in-chief bogoin.
He quickly retreated to Saratoga.
After that, the North American army quickly attacked and finally won the great victory of Saratoga.
On October 14, 1777, bogoin, with the unanimous consent of senior officers, sought peace with North American commander gates.
On 16 October, the Treaty of Saratoga was signed.
On October 17, bogoin officially surrendered.
[cool review] the bullet of sniper Murphy is probably the most powerful bullet in human history.
Because since the great victory of Saratoga, the North American army has won successive battles and won the assistance of France.
Finally, North America gained independence and established the United States of America.
Many people tend to focus on big things and big goals.
In fact, sometimes it is trivial things that change their destiny.
There is a story in the workplace.
When someone applied for a job in a company, the interviewer didn’t want him anymore.
When he left, he helped the broom lying on the ground to the corner.
It was such a small move that made the interviewer change his mind.
This is the turning point of fate.
It exists all the time in our life, as long as you are willing to find it.