At the Yalta conference, the heads of state of the Soviet Union, the United States and Britain successfully reached an agreement on enforcing the unconditional surrender of fascist Germany and completely eradicating the fascist system, so as to prevent the revival of militarism and threaten European security again.
In early 1945, after the Allied forces smashed the battle of Arden, they were preparing to forcibly cross the Rhine and advance to the hinterland of Germany.
At this time, the German Fascist ruling group tried to make peace with the United States and Britain alone, so as to concentrate the residual forces to fight the Soviet army to the end, and even tried to provoke the conflict between the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union.
On March 12, Soviet Molotov informed the US and British ambassadors to the Soviet Union Harriman and Kyle that the Soviet government would send representatives to participate in the negotiations on the surrender of the German army in northern Italy.
After being rejected, Molotov sent a letter to Harriman and Kyle on March 16, insisting that the US and British leaders immediately stop negotiations with Hitler’s German representatives and abandon all possibilities of separate negotiations with Nazi Germany in the future.
From mid April to early May 1945, the Soviet army was carrying out the battle of Berlin, and the day of the demise of German Fascism was coming, but Hitler and other fascist culprits still dreamed of avoiding unconditional surrender.
On the afternoon of April 12, US President Roosevelt died of illness in a hot spring in Georgia.
When the news reached Berlin, Hitler and his propaganda minister Goebbels were ecstatic for a moment.
On April 16, Hitler issued a letter to all German soldiers, declaring that the death of the president of the United States would reverse the process of World War and that God wanted to save the Third Reich.
At the same time, Hitler used the troops of 59 divisions to fight the Allied forces on the western front, while the troops of 21 divisions and 14 brigades were used on the Soviet German battlefield.
He did his best to defend Berlin, hoping to delay the war and fantasize about making peace with the United States and Britain alone.
However, Hitler’s hopes came to naught.
The US, British and French troops launched an offensive on the western front, and the Soviet army is successfully marching into Berlin.
The demise of German Fascism is just around the corner.
On April 20, the Soviet army not only broke through the German defense circle in the outer suburbs of Berlin, but also began to attack the defense circle in the urban area.
Berlin has become a lonely city with raging war, roaring artillery and shaking wind and rain.
The German Fascist ruling group panicked.
On the night of the 20th, after congratulating Hitler on his 56th birthday, Goering and Himmler hurriedly left Berlin.
They believed that Hitler’s end was coming and tried to make peace alone through their old relations with the United States and Britain.
They carried out activities separately.
On April 23, Goering called Hitler from upper Salzburg to announce that Hitler’s order appointing him as his successor on June 29, 1941 would come into force so that he could take over all the leadership of Germany.
After receiving the telegram, Hitler was furious and immediately ordered to revoke all positions and titles of Goering and arrest Goering and his accomplices.
Goering also expected to visit by plane the next day and put forward suggestions on a ceasefire in the West and continuing to fight with the Soviet army in the East.
However, a few days later, Goering became a prisoner of the US Army in upper Salzburg.
Himmler met with count Bernadotte, vice president of the Swedish Red Cross, at the Swedish Embassy in lubek on April 23.
He hoped to contact Eisenhower, the supreme commander of the Western allies, through him, and expressed that Germany was willing to surrender to the United States and Britain and continue to resist the Soviet army.
On April 26, the governments of the United States, the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom completely rejected Himmler’s proposal and disclosed Bernadotte’s remarks in the newspaper at the same time.
When Hitler learned that Himmler had fled the base camp, he immediately ordered him to be expelled from the party and ordered Dennis to arrest Himmler.
On May 21, Himmler was captured by the British army.
Two days later, Himmler bit through potassium cyanide and took poison to commit suicide.
On April 27, the Soviet army invaded the central area of Berlin, divided the German army into three parts, and approached the imperial prime minister’s office and the parliament building from all directions.
But Hitler’s base camp is still dying.
On April 29, Hitler, hiding in the bomb shelter under the presidential palace, saw that the tide was over and the end was coming, so he married his mistress Eva Braun, who had been with him for 13 years, and then dictated his will.
In his will, Hitler tried his best to exonerate himself from the crime of launching a war of aggression.
He lied that the war was “completely needed and incited by those international politicians of Jewish descent or serving the interests of Jews”, clamored for the reconstruction of “National Socialism”, and appointed Admiral Dennis as the president of the German Empire and the supreme commander of the armed forces, and Goebbels as the prime minister, Shawnell is commander in chief of the army.
At 15:30 on April 30, Hitler shot himself in the private room of the bomb shelter, ending his criminal life.
Eva Braun died by taking poison at the same time.
On the afternoon of May 1, after poisoning their six children, Goebbels ordered the guards to shoot them to death.
After the battle of Berlin, the newly formed Dunitz fascist cabinet and the remnants of the German army scattered in other areas were still confronting the Allied forces.
On May 1, the Dunitz government broadcast a letter to the German army and people, saying that it would continue to resist tenaciously.
At the same time, he sent representatives to contact the Soviet army and asked the Soviet Union to agree to “peace negotiations” with major countries after the establishment of the new government by Dennis, in an attempt to end the war on the premise of ensuring the fascist regime and army.
After being sternly rejected by the Soviet Union, Dunitz turned to the Western allies to seek independent surrender.
On May 2, the new commander in chief of the German Navy, Admiral Hans Friedberg, held talks with the British marshal.
On May 4, an agreement was reached to surrender all German troops in the Netherlands, northwest Germany, Schleswig Holstein region and Denmark to the British army.
On May 5, US general Jacob Devers accepted the surrender of German troops from group G in Bavaria and western Austria, including the 19th German army in folbeck and Tyrol.
On the same day, Frederick came to Eisenhower’s allied headquarters to contact at the will of Dunitz and formally raised the issue of German troops’ separate surrender in the south to the allied command.
Eisenhower knew that the unilateral acceptance of the German surrender by the Western allies violated the spirit of the Yalta Conference and was not conducive to unity with the Soviet Union.
The US government urgently needed to defeat militarist Japan, the last ally of fascist Germany, as soon as possible.
To defeat Japan, without the active participation of the Soviet army, the U.S. military still needs to fight hard for a year and a half and pay the cost of 1 million casualties.
So Eisenhower WiltonZhiyodel: if the unconditional and comprehensive surrender documents on all battlefields are not signed immediately, the negotiations will end immediately, the U.S. military will resume air combat, and “no individual surrender is allowed to enter” the front of the U.S. and British forces.
Otherwise, “I will blockade the entire allied front and use force to prevent any German refugees from entering our defense line.
I will not allow further delay”.
The Dunitz government was forced to agree to surrender unconditionally to the allies.
The defeat of German Fascism was a great victory achieved by the anti fascist allies of the Soviet Union, the United States and Britain through countless hardships, great sacrifices and unity.
The German people were also “rescued from the cursed Hitler state”.
The victory over German Fascism is a major event of world historical significance, which has had a far-reaching impact on the whole process of the development of modern history.