We can see from Japanese textbooks that Emperor Hirohito, who was in office during the Second World War, was a kind and kind oceanographer and biologist.
He did not commit any crimes against the war and even loved peace.
Unfortunately, he acted as a puppet of a Japanese militarist.
Is that really the case? The book biography of Hirohito, written by the American historian halbert Biggs, reveals the beautiful picture of Hirohito, and links and re examines Hirohito with Japan’s bloody crimes in the Second World War.
In his 800 page book, halbert Biggs cites in detail secret materials kept in Japan and the United States, including some letters from Hirohito and relevant archives of the National Archives of the United States.
After combing a large number of factual materials, Biggs showed people a completely different Yuren from that in Japanese textbooks, a political leader who actually had supreme power and inflated personal ambition, and a war criminal who was truly responsible for millions of people killed! Yuren was born on April 29, 1901, when the monarchy of all countries in the world began to decline.
Therefore, in addition to being indoctrinated with the concept of divine power as previous emperors, he was also repeatedly taught to strive to consolidate the imperial power.
He began military training at the age of 8.
Yuren’s hobby is biological research.
After he ascended the throne, he set up a biological research institute in the Imperial Palace, displayed more than 60000 plant specimens, and published 17 such books.
Therefore, Japan vigorously publicized Yuren as a biologist in front of the world, and designated April 29, the birthday of Yuren, as Japan’s “Green Festival” to show Yuren’s biological contribution.
However, the facts will not be buried forever.
By the late 1920s and early 1930s, Hirohito allied with the hardliners of the Japanese army and desperately weakened the government’s party cabinet system.
It was with his support that the Japanese military was able to successfully overthrow Japan’s democratic parties and implement an ambitious militarist system.
Then Yuren began to carry out the anti democratic thought with the emperor system as the core content, and mercilessly attacked the opposition and anyone who dared to question the emperor’s power.
Japan’s democratic forces are already fragile, and after being hit, they are even weaker.
In the process of weakening democratic forces, Hirohito’s own position – especially his position in the Japanese army, has been strengthened day by day.
Hirohito has become the supreme commander of the Japanese army, thus becoming the supreme Japanese head of state with real power.
He has the power to appoint and remove generals of Japan’s armed forces, the prime minister and cabinet ministers.
Japanese military generals can bypass the government cabinet and be directly responsible to the emperor.
Hirohito and a few powerful officials behind the scenes have decisive power over the formulation of Japan’s national policy.
By the Second World War, Yuren had actually been the core of the country’s political system.
According to Yuren biography, Yuren should be directly responsible for the atrocities of invading China.
In 1931, Japan occupied China’s three northeastern provinces.
In his secret edict to the Japanese invaders, Yuren ordered the Japanese invaders to “move forward”.
In 1937, the Japanese invaders launched an all-round aggression against China.
Hirohito personally suggested to the Japanese generals that it would be better to concentrate a large number of troops in the fortress area to carry out an overwhelming attack? A few months later, the Japanese invaders created the Nanjing massacre that killed 300000 Chinese soldiers and civilians.
In the step-by-step process of aggression, Yuren did not have no choice, but he did not hesitate to support and even reward the Japanese army’s aggression against China.
According to Yuren imperial edict, the Japanese invaders “regard all Chinese men over the age of 15 and under the age of 60 as our enemies”, “our enemies often dress up as local people”, so these Chinese civilians should be killed.
At least millions of Chinese civilians were killed in this war.
In addition, thousands of Chinese soldiers were captured by the Japanese army in the eight-year comprehensive war between China and Japan, but only 56 Chinese prisoners of war were found when the Japanese army surrendered in 1945! Yuren should be directly responsible for the killing of all these Chinese civilians and prisoners of war.
The Pacific War broke out when Japan secretly attacked Pearl Harbor.
At that time, many American historians believed that the various measures of the U.S. government made Japan have no more diplomatic options.
Therefore, it is unclear whether Yuren should be responsible for the outbreak of the Pacific War.
Biggs pointed out in his biography of Yuren that Yuren should be directly responsible for the outbreak of the Pacific War.
It was Hirohito who pushed forward the sneak attack on Pearl Harbor step by step and dragged Japan into the abyss of the Pacific War.
Biggs wrote in the book: sitting on the throne of the Imperial Palace, Yuren silently watched his ministers formulate a war plan, and the military generals were also estimating the success or failure of the plan.
The prime minister finally spoke: “as long as your majesty gives an order, we will all strive to be loyal to our country!” The emperor nodded in agreement! Soon after the meeting, Japan entered the “X-day” (the code name for Japan’s launching the Pacific War).
In the next week, Hirohito kept meeting with the heads of the staff and received reports that the invading forces had entered the front line positions.
On December 7, 1941, the Japanese army secretly attacked Pearl Harbor.
When the news of the success of the sneak attack reached Tokyo, an assistant of the emperor wrote in his diary: “the emperor looks in a very good mood in his navy uniform!” It shows the degree of excitement.
The atomic bomb exploded in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, bringing destruction to Japan.
Although Japan deserved it, for the innocent people of Japan, the disaster should be attributed to Hirohito, the emperor of Japanese subjects.
At the end of the Second World War, Hirohito had many opportunities to end the war, but in order to make the Japanese royal family escape the guilt of the war and keep his throne as emperor, he desperately wanted to delay the end of the war, even wanted to escape the fate of Japan’s “unconditional surrender”, and planned how to “withdraw from the war”.
Hirohito’s wishful thinking is: he hopes to persuade the Soviet Union, which had not declared war on Japan at that time, to be an intermediary, on the one hand, to end the war through negotiations.
On the one hand, he can keep his throne.
Yuren therefore refused to announceBush and Japan surrendered unconditionally, so that the United States dropped an atomic bomb on Japan.
The biography of Hirohito said that when Japan was at a dead end, Hirohito and some of his advisers even “welcomed” the United States to throw atomic bombs at Japan and the Soviet Union to intervene in the war, because it could find a “perfect reason” for Hirohito to concoct the surrender of the Japanese army, and let him calm the dissatisfaction with the imperial system in Japan on the grounds of “bringing the dawn of peace to the country”, In order to preserve the imperial system.
It can be seen that Yuren did not hesitate to sacrifice the lives of thousands of Japanese people in order to keep his throne.
Therefore, Hirohito should be responsible for Japan’s nuclear attack.
After the war, Yuren changed his appearance.
In the photo, Yuren, who was not tall and wearing striped pants and a poor dress, stood in front of him.
The expression on his face made people feel very innocent and pathetic.
But this is just the “packaging” of the cooperation between Japanese politicians and MacArthur.
Its purpose is to fish in troubled waters and escape punishment.
Japan and the United States describe Emperor Hirohito as a puppet because they have their own plans.
Japanese politicians want to keep Hirohito because the emperor is regarded as the spiritual pillar of the Japanese nation.
In order to summon up the spirit of the Japanese to carry out post-war reconstruction, get out of the shadow of defeat and finally embark on the road of becoming a powerful country, Japan’s conservative politicians unanimously decided to keep the Yuren and emperor system anyway.
The United States sheltered Emperor Hirohito and even helped Hirohito escape the war trial, which was mainly for the sake of Americans’ own interests.
Americans worry that if Hirohito is punished for war crimes, the people in Japan may have riots.
If Hirohito is spared, then the United States, which separately sent troops to “occupy” and “take charge of” Japan, can rely on the emperor’s signboard to “coerce the emperor to make princes” and control Japan more conveniently.
Biggs criticized the United States’ attitude of shielding the emperor of Japan in his book.
He said that after the war, Hirohito did not repent of the past.
He was not aware of his personal responsibility for Japan’s aggression abroad and never admitted to committing war crimes.
The United States deliberately concealed Hirohito’s war responsibility from its own people and the people of other countries in the world.
Biggs revealed that due to the changes in the international situation, the United States quickly changed its strategy and turned the policy of “completely eradicating the root causes of the Japanese War” decided at the Cairo Conference into supporting Japan’s anti Communist and anti Soviet right-wing forces.
Considering its own interests, the United States instructed some important war criminals to “clip” Confessions when trying Japanese war criminals, concealed the criminal part of Yuren, and finally escaped the just trial.
Looking back at history more than half a century later, it is not difficult to see that it is precisely because of the indulgence of Hirohito that Japanese militarism is difficult to achieve.
The emperor is supreme in Japan, and Hirohito’s words and deeds can be said to be the highest creed of the Japanese.
Yuren not only did not stand trial as a war criminal, but also distorted the nature of the war.
This has created an illusion for the Japanese people, as if Japan had neither invaded other countries nor been defeated and surrendered.
This played a very misleading role in Japan’s political understanding of the essence of the war.
Biggs wrote in the preface of the biography of Hirohito: “Emperor Hirohito is by no means just a constitutional monarch like Britain, but the supreme head of Japan, and should be directly or indirectly responsible for Japan’s militarism and the heinous crimes committed by the Japanese army in the second world war!” Doyle, a history professor at the Massachusetts Institute of technology, believes that the true face of Emperor Hirohito was revealed by the book.
He played an extraordinary role in World War II, which many Westerners have never heard of.
The reason is that someone tried to cover it up after the end of World War II.
Biggs pointed out: “because Hirohito has never been responsible for the war, Japan, as a country, has also not been responsible.
Many Japanese involved in the war believe that since the emperor is not responsible, they naturally have no sin.
” On December 12, 2000, the “international war criminals’ court for violations of women’s rights”, composed of judges, legal scholars and human rights workers from the United States, Britain, Argentina and Kenya, held a three-day trial against judges from China, East Timor, Indonesia, Malaysia The evidence provided by prosecutors in the Netherlands and Japan, the personal experience provided by 75 surviving victims and the testimony of historians and Japanese veterans were fully heard.
On the basis of sufficient criminal facts and legal basis, the jury made a judgment at the Japan Youth Center and found that Emperor Hirohito and other senior military and political officials supported, connived at and negligent in preventing the Japanese army from rape and sexual slavery against women in the conquered Asia Pacific countries and regions during the Second World War, and committed crimes against humanity.
Japan violated international treaty obligations and international customary law, It bears the responsibility of the state.
When chief judge McDonnell announced the verdict, the 1000 audience burst into long applause.
Therefore, it is very appropriate to identify Yuren as the culprit of the war.
The truth of history cannot be concealed and will eventually be revealed to the world.