there is a Soviet era “high-rise building” on the Moscow river. The exterior wall is embedded with the heads and names of many celebrities, indicating that they have lived here. During the “Great Purge” in the 1930s, 90% of the cadres living here were arrested and killed, and their families were also implicated. Now people call this “high-rise building” as “dark apartment”, which has become the symbol of Stalin’s “great cleansing” movement.

with pictures

“Great Purge” was a movement against the “enemy of the people” hidden inside the Soviet Union in the 1930s, which was mostly called “great terror” in the West. It began with the murder of Kirov in 1934 and did not come to an end until the outbreak of World War II in 1939.

as a rising political star in the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Kirov is one of the most advanced leaders of the Soviet Union. Different from Stalin’s autocratic style, he knows people well and has a democratic style. Under his leadership, gler became the most active and influential place in the whole Soviet Union. Before the 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was held in 1934, Kirov had actually become the second person in the Soviet Union after Stalin. One thing we can see is the popularity of Kirov in the party. At the 17th National Congress, according to the regulations, the applause for general secretary Stalin can reach 10 minutes, while other Politburo members can’t exceed two minutes. However, at the end of Kirov’s speech, there was a long round of applause, which lasted for ten minutes. Available information shows that during the 17th National Congress, many representatives of the Congress, especially those veteran cadres who knew Lenin’s will, held a secret meeting at the home of Politburo member Ordzhonikidze. The participants were shebordayev, Kirov, EHR, migyang, kesur and pedrovsky. The meeting discussed replacing Stalin with Kirov, but Kirov refused. These things were later known by Stalin. In the equal amount election for the election of Central Committee members at the 17th National Congress, Kirov won the most votes, with only 3 votes missing, while Stalin won the least, with 270 votes missing. Zatunski, chairman of the election committee, told Kaganovich about the situation. The latter said that Stalin must have one more vote than Kirov. Another theory is that Stalin ordered the destruction of the votes against him. Finally, zatunsky announced to the general assembly that the result of the vote was: 3 votes for those who did not vote for Stalin and 4 votes for those who did not vote for Kirov.

after the closing of the 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, on the afternoon of December 1, 1934, Kirov came to Smolny palace. After going up to the third floor, the close guard Borisov did not follow Kirov closely, but was 20 steps away. Kirov, as a member of the Politburo, has 23 guards. At this time, the guard who should have been on duty on the third floor corridor was not there for some reason. Kirov walked to the office alone. At this time, the murderer hidden in the corridor was able to shoot Kirov in the head from behind. When medvedi, director of the Leningrad local bureau of the Ministry of the interior, hurried to the Smolny palace, he was blocked at the door by guards who didn’t know him. These guards were transferred from Moscow and replaced the original guard without medvedi’s instruction. When the doctor came, he confirmed that Kirov had died.

murderer Nikolayev was arrested on the spot. He was arrested for assassination and was released for some reason without confiscating his pistol. How he got into Smolny palace and how he got close to Kirov are unclear.

after Kirov was stabbed, Stalin personally led the investigation of the case. After Nikolayev was interrogated, Borisov was ready to be interrogated. However, the truck escorting Borisov had an accident on the way, and Borisov died on the spot. According to the medical appraisal, Borisov died in a car accident. In 1959, several doctors who survived proved that Borisov died because a metal object hit him on the head.

Stalin’s personal interrogation concluded that the assassination was planned by the opposition of Zinoviev and Nikolayev was a member of Zinoviev. Because Zinoviev has worked in Leningrad for a long time, it is under the leadership of Kirov that the influence of Zinoviev in Leningrad has been completely eliminated. So Ji had a grudge and planned the assassination.

because the insiders of the case were executed at the beginning, the truth about the Kirov case is still foggy, but this case undoubtedly provides an excuse for Stalin to carry out large-scale repression. The people on a drawn up list were soon arrested one by one. Later, Stalin and his accomplices in the Ministry of internal affairs, such as Yagoda and yerov, further expanded and concocted the so-called “Trotsky Zinoviev conspiracy”.

a well planned trial

the people’s Committee for internal affairs was the main secret police agency of the Soviet Union in the Stalin era and the main executive organ of the great cleansing of the Soviet Union in the 1930s. They assisted Stalin in creating a series of unjust cases in the great purge. The

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purges seriously damaged democracy and the rule of law. In order to confuse the world, Stalin appeared in the form of public trial against the “Tuo Ji Group”. In order to show the fairness of the case, journalists from western countries were also invited to attend. Of course, Stalin and his staff in the Ministry of internal affairs did everything possible to plan and direct the trial. Yagoda of the

internal affairs people’s Committee promised the so-called contact person of Trotsky’s anti Party group in the Soviet Union that he would guarantee their lives as long as they were obedient, and admitted that these allegations were in the interests of the party. Sure enough, this move worked very well. In order to save their lives, the three men cooperated very well in the trial of gritzman, pidakov and Roma, and made Trotskyist charges against the other defendants in court. According to the prepared confession, gritzman, who worked in the Ministry of foreign trade, admitted that in 1932 he had met tolotsky’s son chedoff in the lobby of a hotel called “Bristol” in Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark, and accepted tolotsky “face to face” under the leadership of chedoff