in today’s Iraq, the Tigris and Euphrates rivers gave birth to a powerful kingdom in ancient times, that is, the Babylonian Empire of Cuba. The Babylonian Dynasty was founded in the 19th century BC. During his hundreds of years of rule, Babylon was once brilliant. A great king, Hammurabi, once appeared in this empire. You may have heard of this name, because it was he who created the code of Hammurabi. There are many stories about the king. Now let’s learn about it.
Hammurabi is the sixth generation king of the Babylonian kingdom of Cuba. He reigned from about 1792 to 1750 BC. It is said that Hammurabi died in 1686. Hammurabi can be called a very long-lived old longevity and made a lot of contributions to the kingdom of Babylon in his long life, The main contribution is the unification of the two river basins and the promulgation of the code of Hammurabi. The main achievements of Hammurabi are described in detail below.
one of the main achievements of Hammurabi: the most important achievement of Hammurabi is the unification of the two watersheds by force. When Hammurabi succeeded to the throne, the kingdom of Babylon was in a period of complex geopolitical situation. The powerful kingdom of eshnena occupied the upper reaches of the Tigris River, Larsa occupied the delta of the two rivers, there was the kingdom of Elam in the East, and King shamxi ADAD I of Assyria in the North was eyeing the kingdom of Babylon, Fortunately, shamxi ADAD I died soon after he succeeded to the throne of hamorabi, which led to the collapse of the Semitic Empire and the elimination of the threat of Assyria to Babylon. In the first 20 years of Hammurabi’s reign, the two river basins were relatively peaceful. So Hammurabi built a large number of buildings. In order to prevent the invasion of foreign enemies, he actively built high walls and expanded temples at the same time. After that, Hammurabi began his own military crusade to conquer the two river basins, and finally put the two river basins under his own rule.
the second major achievement of Hammurabi: Hammurabi promulgated the first relatively complete written code in world history, in which he preached the divine power of the king and cursed those who did not abide by the law. The text contains 282 laws, covering legal provisions on litigation, property, debt, slavery, marriage, compensation and so on, This code consolidated the rule of Hammurabi and established a strong centralized slave state.
Hammurabi code is a code formulated and promulgated by Hammurabi, the sixth generation monarch of the kingdom of Babylon in Cuba. This code is the first relatively complete written code in the world. It can be said to create a precedent for the ruling class to rule the country according to law. This Code plays a very important role in the history of world civilization, This code is a code established to maintain the normal order of slavery countries. Here is the content of Hammurabi code.
the content of Hammurabi Code:
first, in this Hammurabi code, the people of the country are divided into three grades, one is the free people with citizenship, the other is the free people without citizenship, and the other is the slaves, including royal slaves, slaves belonging to the free people and private slaves of citizens.
II. This code is a law formulated to maintain private ownership of property, comprehensively adjust the relationship between free people and consolidate the existing order. The code of Hammurabi includes three parts: preface, text and conclusion. The preface deified and beautified Hammurabi, claiming that Hammurabi’s kingship was granted by the gods and should be maintained.
III. The text includes 282 laws, involving procedural law, civil law, criminal law, marriage law and other contents in the modern sense, which is intended to mediate a variety of economic relations, social and marital relations such as property possession, inheritance, transfer, lease, loan, employment and so on.
IV. the code states that there are three basic classes in Babylonian Society: slave owners, slaves and small producers. In addition, there are hierarchical relations that are inconsistent with class relations. In the code of Hammurabi, debt slavery and usury were restrained, and excessive plunder of small producers was limited, so as not to shake the source of troops and taxes.
v. the code strictly protects slavery, which reflects the nature of the code. In addition to continuing to praise the merits and virtues of Hammurabi’s song, the ending also emphasizes the immutability of the principles of the code.
Hammurabi is the sixth generation king of the kingdom of Babylon in Cuba. He is a very famous monarch in history. He is the monarch of a centralized slave country with excellent culture, politics and martial arts. Through his own efforts, Hammurabi realized his dream of dominating the two river basins, Moreover, he consolidated his rule in China by formulating and promulgating the code of Hammurabi. The evaluation of Hammurabi in history is quite high. Let’s talk about the evaluation of Hammurabi.
Hammurabi’s evaluation 1: firstly, Hammurabi is a overlord who dominates the two river basins and a brilliant king. When Hammurabi succeeded to the throne, the surrounding environment of the kingdom of Babylon was not very good. It can even be said that the kingdom of Babylon is under the eyes of many powerful city states. If the kingdom of Babylon cannot become strong, There was a risk of being annexed by other kingdoms, so after Hammurabi succeeded to the throne, he built a large number of buildings and raised the wall. In the first two decades of Hammurabi’s reign, the two river basins were relatively peaceful. Therefore, Hammurabi made his kingdom stronger. After becoming stronger, Hammurabi actively expanded to the outside world and finally unified the two river basins. It can be said that Hammurabi is not only an excellent politician and strategist, but also an excellent militarist.
Hammurabi’s evaluation 2: Hammurabi is an outstanding monarch of slavery. After Hammurabi unified the two river basins, in order to consolidate his rule, Hammurabi formulated and promulgated the Hammurabi code. In this code, Hammurabi advocated the divine grant of royal power, and anyone who violates the law will be cursed by the gods. This law is the world