The 20th century is an era full of turbulence and swords.

Both world wars broke out one after another in this century.

The principles derived from the beginning of human civilization were almost completely overturned at this stage, and the world moved forward hard in the two world wars.

In the Second World War, the fascist axis countries and the world anti fascist Alliance launched a desperate battle.

Among them, several major battles in the Pacific battlefield were the most tragic, such as the Japanese sneak attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941, which can be said to be the darkest day in American history.

In fact, before the outbreak of the Pacific War, Japan and the United States had experienced unusual fluctuations in diplomatic and military occasions.

Now it seems that these are the signs of a big war before it comes.

The big country game on the international stage seems calm and calm, but secretly, it is turbulent and tense.

Therefore, many people smelled a different atmosphere before the outbreak of the Pacific War, but failed to prevent the outbreak of the war due to the mistakes in strategic prediction.

What’s the specific situation? Let’s talk about it slowly.

On December 7, 1941, the Japanese Navy attacked Pearl Harbor, the base of the US Pacific Fleet, with a despicable sneak attack.

This has not only broken the pattern of European war that has become increasingly glued, but also opened the curtain of the Pacific War.

However, if we do, it seems that the cold war between the United States and Japan has actually been going on for a long time.

More precisely, the attitude of the United States towards Japan has changed since Japan joined the axis.

And Japan regarded the United States as the imaginary enemy of its own naval development after the Russo Japanese war.

From a certain point of view, the war between Japan and the United States is inevitable, just a matter of time.

The biggest sign before the outbreak of the Pacific War was the long-term military confrontation and war preparations between Japan and the United States.

Some Japanese historians also recorded that after the first World War, the United States and other western countries began to calculate the strategy of Japan.

It is recorded in the complete history of the Great East Asian war by sakubu Zhuo Siro: “During the first World War, out of the friendship of the Japan UK alliance, Japan fought with Germany on the side of the allies.

Unfortunately, however, Japan received a series of policies to oppress Japan from European and American countries after the war.

Especially since the founding of Japan, Japan has maintained unusual friendly feelings for Japan and spared no effort to defend Japan The United States, which gave support, suddenly turned out to be the vanguard of the oppressive policy against Japan.

Advocating the abolition of the Japan UK alliance, limiting the strength of naval capital ships at the meeting, abolishing the Ishii Lansing agreement, limiting Japan’s special rights and interests in Manchuria and Mongolia under the nine nation treaty, and the United States enacting the Anti Japanese immigration Prohibition Act have cast a shadow on Japan’s future.

It is not difficult to see that the purpose of these measures is to prevent Japan’s development, especially Japan’s development to the mainland.

” After the first World War, Japan’s ambition began to expand more and more.

Especially after seizing China and other places with war, he extended his claws to the northeast of China.

This has also attracted the attention of the United States, and the game in the international field has also been launched.

After the Washington Conference on Disarmament entered the 1920s, Japan’s military level reached the forefront of the world and began to move in an attempt to occupy a dominant position in the international political field.

The United States also began to formulate a series of political and military plans specifically for Japan.

The more famous is the orange project.

According to John Barrett’s analysis of the factors behind the United States Navy warship construction plan from 1933 to 1941: “The orange plan originated slightly later than the turn of the century.

At that time, the officers of the United States Navy, especially the Naval War academy, recognized the growing economic and maritime threat of the Japanese Empire and began to formulate a plan to counter its threat to the power and influence of the United States in this region.

The plan consists of three basic stages.

In the first stage, Japan, code named ‘Orange’, will Launch a war to seize the “blue” weak American outpost through attack, so as to ensure the passage of necessary raw materials between the South and the West.

The blue navy concentrated in the home port along the west coast of the United States will immediately mobilize in the eastern Pacific.

In the second stage, the blue fleet will advance westward across the central Pacific until it seizes the Philippine Islands.

Orange will avoid decisive battle, switch to expendable force resistance, try to weaken blue, and trade space for time.

Blue continues to advance and recover the Philippine Islands.

Finally, the two fleets will fight a decisive battle according to the most outstanding Mahan doctrine, and the American fearless fleet will win.

In the final stage, blue will surround and attack the Japanese mainland islands and win the war.

” This plan is largely wishful thinking of the US military.

It did not estimate the sudden attack of Japan, nor did it predict the potential risks of Pearl Harbor.

However, this is enough to confirm that the secret struggle between Japan and the United States began in the 1920s and 1930s.

The same is true of the Pearl Harbor Incident in the diplomatic field.

Driven by the tide of fascism, Japan joined the fascist axis group in 1936.

This has resulted in the actual diplomatic confrontation between Japan and the United States.

Therefore, the United States has stopped the trade in Japan’s export of oil and waste steel and expects Japan to change its mind.

At that time, Japanese Foreign Minister yoyo Matsuoka and US Secretary of state hull also held long-term consultations on this and expected a breakthrough.

As I summarized in my previous article, Matsuoka’s diplomatic proposition is “Pro Europe, friendly to the Soviet Union and anti America”.

Now, it seems that the proposition of US Secretary of state hull is “longitudinal Europe, United Soviet Union, China aid and limited date”.

Hull also supported the appeasement policy of Europe in the early stage, and used the tactics of connivance and procrastination, while standing idly by the German and Italian fascists, which was also influenced by the doctrine of “neutrality and non-interference” in the United States.

After Germany occupied Paris, the United States advocated hosting Britain and France and strengthening ties and support for the Soviet Union.

On June 22, 1941, Germany attacked the Soviet Union.

On June 24, the government officially announced that the United States was ready to support the Soviet Union.

However, for Japan, hull seemed very tough, flatly rejected the unreasonable demands of Japan, and began to vigorously support China’s great cause of the war of resistance against Japan.

In the view of the United States, Secretary of state hull, it is very important to restrict Japan, because the uncertainty in Japan makes the United States full of concerns about the future.

The results of several diplomatic interactions between the two sides are very unsatisfactory.

Until before the war, on July 26, 1941, the United States announced the freezing of all Japanese assets in the United States, and Britain and the Netherlands followed up at the same time.

Since then, the diplomacy between Japan and the United States has gradually entered a dead end, In his public speech, US President Roosevelt said: “Now there is a country called Japan here.

Let alone whether this country and the Empire have the purpose of expanding to the south at this time, anyway, they don’t have a little oil they need in the north.

So if we cut off the oil, Japan might have gone to Dutch East India a year ago.

And we may have fought a war.

” It is this diplomatic dilemma that has completely interrupted the communication channels between the two countries.

This means that the United States and Japan have lost the foundation of mutual trust, Japan’s ambition also worries the United States, and the United States’ proposal to maintain peace has been completely rejected by fascists in Japan.

In this way, modern diplomacy has lost its significance.

This is also a sign of the outbreak of the Pacific War.

After this state lasted less than five months, the Pacific War broke out completely.

Roosevelt: Why did Japan and the United States move into the whirlpool of war? Realistically speaking, the Pacific War was a war without doubt.

The fundamental reason is that there is a special contradiction between Japan’s ambition and the arrogance of the United States, which is stubborn and difficult to reconcile.

The United States refused to give up its position, and Japan was unwilling to slowly obtain the leading position on the national stage by means of long-term and stable development.

Therefore, after military confrontation and diplomatic suspension, the two sides finally went to war.

In fact, the contradiction between the two countries is not completely irresolvable, but the two parties have lost patience and international space to achieve further reconciliation.

The American scholar John Tolan’s book “the shame of the United States – the inside story of Pearl Harbor Incident” has this evaluation: “Pearl Harbor incident is the result of Japanese and American misestimation and mistakes of each other.

Due to Japanese opportunism, loss of reason, honor, pride and worry – and American racial discrimination, mistrust, ignorance of the East, stereotype, self justice, honor, national pride and worry, as well as misunderstanding, language difficulties and translation errors between the two sides It was only by mistake that we fought a war that we didn’t have to fight.

” This assessment can be said to be penetrating.

The British prime minister once said that World War II was a war that did not need to be fought.

Japanese opportunism actually originates from the West.

The opportunistic spirit of Western adventurers is an important element that has penetrated into the core of European and American culture.

The Japanese Navy has successfully followed this mentality because of its perennial dealings with the United States.

For the so-called living space and the dream of establishing “Greater East Asia and common prosperity”, as well as the honor of the soldiers themselves, the Japanese military lost its reason under the promotion of fascism.

The unannounced sneak attack on Pearl Harbor violates not only the principles of modern diplomacy, but also the “martial virtue” long held by Japanese samurai, which is a coward’s act in Japan’s traditional culture.

Therefore, it can be seen that the confrontation between the two sides is largely the alienation caused by too much interest entanglement mixed with cultural factors.

Unnecessary war – so did Churchill and the United States.

Roosevelt skillfully alleviated the great depression at home.

However, as a politician, the speculative mentality has also led to a deviation in the mastery of the current situation by the senior level of the United States.

Although the United States boasts its open values, it has a long history of contempt for the oriental nation.

In their eyes, Asians often have certain negative labels.

They have never faced up to Oriental civilization at all.

Its core is still the Yellow Peril theory, European civilization theory and American supremacy.

Therefore, they expect the problem to be too simple and simply hope to solve the problem through pressure rather than equality and mutual benefit.

This has caused the situation to get out of control, and the United States also hopes to occupy the moral commanding height for a long time, which is suspected of raising bandits and self-respect.

Before the Pearl Harbor Incident broke out, the United States thought that the target of Japan’s sneak attack would be the Philippines.

From this point of view, the outbreak of the Pacific War is closely related to the miscalculation of strategy and diplomacy of the United States.

As the saying goes, “if you don’t know what you know in a war, you won’t lose it.

” Understanding, communication and mutual trust are the real foundation in the game of great powers and the main procedure of international diplomacy.

Once you deviate from this path, things are difficult to predict.

Yamamoto, the culprit of the Pearl Harbor incident the impact of the Japan – US game on future generations the great power game between Japan and the United States was the result of a conflict of interest, and the Pacific War was to a large extent a war for hegemony.

However, it has had a serious impact on future generations, especially the thinking mode of struggle has entered the international political world.

After the end of World War I, there was no absolute hegemony on the world stage, and the United States just got the first opportunity for development.

In many ways, the United States has not gained complete control.

However, after Pearl Harbor, the national policy of the United States began to become aggressive from the original isolationism and began to actively interfere in national affairs.

This is the “prisoner’s dilemma” caused by the idea of hegemony war in the United States, which also makes the United States gradually keen to play the role of international police.

The cold war is the continuation of this idea of confrontation and hegemony, and the United States has gradually controlled the direction of the world with four weapons: the US dollar, the US military, American science and technology and American culture.

This makes the post cold war great power game full of depression and suspicion, which also reflects the uneasiness and suspicion of the United States to some extent.

The international field should be a broad stage based on trust, which can fully enjoy the development of any country in the world.

Self confidence, inclusiveness, generosity and friendliness should be the spirit of a mature country.

“Making America great again” should be to let Americans find their mutual assistance mentality of working together with the world against fascism.

Instead of adhering to the thinking of war for endless big country games.

Peace is precious.

It is bought by countless people with blood.

It is also important to cherish peaceIt should be the ultimate consensus of modern civilized society.

Only peace can lead to development, and only peace can lead to win-win results.

To sum up, before the outbreak of the Pacific War, Japan and the United States were militarily hostile to each other, gradually lost the basis of trust in diplomacy, and closed all communication channels.

Because of the wrong strategic prediction of both sides, there is confusion about the understanding of both sides.

Therefore, these signs have not been paid enough attention.

When they mature, they are warning of the coming war.

Finally, Japan attacked the Pearl Harbor base of the United States without declaring war, which led to the outbreak of the Pacific War and the world fell into a ruthless war.