ancient kings believed that people will enter another world after death, and they will build their own tombs while they are still alive, and tombs are places for themselves to enter another world. In ancient Egypt is no exception. After death, Pharaohs would bury themselves in the tombs they built during their lifetime, and take some objects used during their lifetime as burial objects. These funerary objects are all invaluable, resulting in many tomb robbers coming and stealing countless treasures. In order to rest in peace after death and not be disturbed, every Pharaoh would place a vicious curse in his ancient tomb. However, this did not stop the footsteps of grave robbers. But there is an ancient tomb in ancient Egypt, which has never been visited by grave robbers for thousands of years. Why on earth? Is his curse real? Forced the grave robbers not to attack him.
“this tomb was built by me in the cemetery in the West. It is located in a clean and moderate place. If any noble person, any official or anyone takes a stone or brick from this tomb, I will seek justice in front of the great God. I will grasp his neck like a chicken’s neck. I will make all people on earth afraid of the spirit in the West.” This is a passage from the epitaph of a Pharaoh in ancient Egypt, which clearly shows the curse on the tomb robbers. However, human greed often drives people to take risks, and even the most vicious curse can not curb people’s greed for wealth. Therefore, although the pharaohs of ancient Egypt carefully built their own tombs and set up many organs, they still could not escape the fate of being humiliated and restless after death. Almost all the tombs of ancient Egyptian pharaohs were stolen, with the exception of TUT anhmen, the Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty in the New Kingdom era. In 1922, archaeologists opened the mausoleum of Pharaoh Tut anhamen and were surprised to see a complete tomb and many exquisite funerary objects. Among the 100000 exhibits in Cairo Museum, there are more than 7000 cultural relics unearthed from the tomb of Pharaoh Tut anhamen, which has become the treasure of Cairo Museum.
however, for the Pharaohs who have long eyes, there is no difference between tomb theft out of self-interest and Archaeology out of public interest. They disturb their sleep as well, and his spell comes to those who enter his mausoleum and contact his Dharma body. All this undoubtedly puts a strange veil on the mysterious ancient Egyptian culture again.
the history of Egypt is generally divided into four periods: the Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom, the New Kingdom and the late kingdom. These intermediate periods include the so-called intermediate period, that is, the first intermediate period, the second intermediate period and the third intermediate period. It was not until the last Ptolemaic era that the famous Queen Cleopatra committed suicide, Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire, and the native Egyptian Dynasty ended.
about the tombs of ancient Egyptian pharaohs, people are impressed by the magnificent pyramids. It began in the Third Dynasty. A king named zose began to use stone to build his own tomb, creating the pyramid era in Egypt. Zuosu’s tomb is a rectangular 6-step staircase building in the Saqqara area west of today’s Cairo, which is completely built of stone. The size of each layer decreases, like a birthday cake, which is now called a stepped pyramid. Zuo Sai basically laid the main form of the pyramid. It is generally composed of three parts: one is the tomb itself, one is the sleeping temple for sacrificing to the king, and the other is the house and storage room for the priests responsible for sacrificing. Its main purpose is to emphasize the central position of the king, especially his sacred position in the religious system of ancient Egypt.
. As the representative of ancient Egyptian culture and the spokesman of pyramid image, the well-known quadrangular conical pyramid is the masterpiece of pharaoh Khufu of the fourth dynasty. Since the fourth dynasty, the construction technology of pyramids has reached a perfect level. The pyramid built by Khufu in Giza is an unprecedented giant structure. The pyramid is 754 feet square at the bottom and 471 feet high. It is built of about 2.3 million stones. Each stone weighs about two and a half tons and can weigh up to 15 tons. The most amazing thing is that its four sides are facing the geographical quadrupole respectively, the maximum error is no more than 5 degrees and 30 minutes, and the four corners are almost completely square. It is still unclear how the ancient Egyptians without modern technology and equipment carried and lifted such huge stones, which makes modern scientists wonder. Huff’s son, Haff, then his father built his pyramid in Giza. Although it is slightly smaller, it also has 708 feet square at the bottom. At the same time, its foundation is higher, so it looks more magnificent than Huff’s pyramid.
from the construction of these pyramids, we can see that in the third and fourth dynasties, the king had the highest authority in religion or real society. In the fifth Dynasty, the worship of the Sun God rose, the king’s noble status in the world was relatively reduced, and the magnificent pyramids no longer appeared. Although later Pharaohs still built pyramids as their resting place after their death of
, there are nearly 30 such pyramids on the West Bank of the Nile, but they are not as large as those in the Khufu era. Naturally, this is also related to the decline of national strength and the frugality consciousness of latecomers.
pyramids, as the form of King’s tombs, continued from the Old Kingdom era to the Middle Kingdom era. Ancient Egypt has the custom of thick burial. There are a large number of funerary objects in each Pharaoh’s tomb, which will inevitably lead to the covet of Luxor emperor Valley in Egypt: the surname in the distance. Therefore, tomb robbing became an ancient occupation in ancient Egypt, By (A1 – the pyramids of the old kingdom were almost stolen from the Middle Kingdom. In the New Kingdom, from the eighteenth to the twenty-first dynasties, the Pharaohs stopped using the form of pyramids and began to look for a more hidden valley as their last resting place. On the one hand, this came from the change of religious ideas, on the other hand, it was also out of prevention Practical consideration of stopping tomb theft. In the Thebes Valley on the West Bank of the Nile, the Pharaohs dug deep caves, built secret catacombs and sent guards to guard them, which was then guarded by future generationsIt’s called “valley of kings”. The orientation of “West” comes from the traditional concept of ancient Egyptians. They come to the conclusion that the West belongs to a place of rest from the sun rising in the East and setting in the west every day. The East Bank of the Nile is a tall temple and the West Bank is the mausoleum of the emperor. Such confrontation between things represents the cycle of life and death.
although the mausoleum moved into the valley and tried to keep a low profile, the luxury and extravagance after the death of the emperor did not decrease. The tombs of pharaohs still do their best in luxury. From gorgeous mural decoration to various buried treasures, they still show off their power in the world and their will to enjoy wealth and glory forever after death. Therefore, grave robbers also come in an endless stream. According to the retained documents, the techniques and organization of tomb robbing were very strict at that time. Tomb robbing groups were often the workers who built the king’s mausoleum, so they knew the terrain and the location of the tomb like the back of their hands. Many times, grave robbers do not enter through the door of the tomb, but dig holes in the back of the tomb. If they do not have a precise grasp of the orientation of the tomb chamber, they can’t do it. Moreover, guards are often part of tomb robbers. They cooperate inside and outside and are very easy to succeed. In the existing interrogation materials, a thief said: “we go to the… Area and enter a tomb. We open it and take out an inner coffin, which is covered with gold up to the neck.
we peel off the gold with a copper chisel and take it away, and then set it on fire in the tomb.” The discovery of tomb robbers is often the result of internal strife caused by uneven distribution of stolen goods among tomb robbers and the defendant. In the 21st Dynasty, as grave robbers were still rampant, the king ordered the mummies of pharaohs from the 18th dynasty to be placed in a secret small tomb. These experienced Pharaohs were finally able to stop being disturbed and were not rediscovered until the end of the 19th century.
Tut anhmen is the Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty in the New Kingdom era. He ascended the throne at the age of 9 in 1336 BC and died at the age of 17 in 1327 BC. He has done little in Egyptian history. On his deathbed, he changed his name to TUT anhamen, which means the living image of an Meng. Because objects engraved with Pharaoh Tut anhman and his queen have been found in other caves, it is generally believed that his tomb has also been stolen. But the Englishman Herbert? Sir Carnarvon and archaeologist Howard? Carter doesn’t think so. After consulting a large amount of data, they selected a site and began to dig in the autumn of 1917. After five years of arduous excavation work, their work finally achieved results: after a large amount of sand and soil were cleared, flat and wide stone steps appeared. Go up along the 16 stone steps to a stone gate with the seal of Pharaoh Tut anhamen. This is undoubtedly the last habitat of Pharaoh Tut anhamen. Unfortunately, since then, shocking tragic events have occurred one after another, and more than 50 people have died. It is believed to be the curse of Pharaoh Tut anhamen.
the funerary objects of Pharaoh Tut anhmen are indeed extremely luxurious and dizzying. There are exquisite steles A gold clad shrine; Gold coated wood Inlaid jade_ Color glass s-mirror box, OS; Ebony armchair with s teeth and precious stones; The coffin is made entirely of gold. What is particularly precious is the gorgeous gold mask, which looks like King Tutankhamen. It has a raw face. Its hands are crossed on its chest, holding a scepter in its hand. Its forehead is inlaid with cobra and vulture, which are the totems of Upper Egypt and lower Egypt respectively. The eyebrows and eyes are made of gemstones and colored glass. They are resplendent and beautiful.
unfortunately, sir Carnarvon did not see all these exquisite funerary objects. He died in the early morning of April 15, 1923, when they were negotiating with the Egyptian government on the excavation of the Pharaoh’s mausoleum. It is said that when Carnarvon entered the Pharaoh’s mausoleum, he felt stung by something and his left cheek swelled. A few days later, I accidentally cut into a lump while shaving. I got septicemia and died. It is said that Sir Carnarvon had a high fever of more than 40 degrees before his death. He was unconscious all the time. He kept making nonsense such as “ah, King tutianhamen… Oh, forgive me…” and left the world in panic. Even more curious, as like as two peas of a tree, he found a scar on his left cheek, which was exactly the same as that of sir. Then a series of bad luck befell those around Carnarvon, including the nurse who had nursed him, his brother and his widow. Other people who have come into contact with the Pharaoh have also been unfortunate. They are: American archaeologist Messi, British industrialist ur who visited the Pharaoh’s mausoleum, Professor reed, who was the first to untie Tut anhman’s shroud and X-ray the body, and Douglas, who has personally touched the gold mask? Dr. reed… So many accidents make people doubt the Pharaoh’s spell.
Carter was lucky to spend his life in peace. He was 65 years old. But the Pharaoh’s curse seems to have fallen on his family, which is said to be a more terrible revenge. Carter’s assistant, Yabo? Max and Richard? Van Er died suddenly one after another. Carter’s daughter, Evelyn, suffered from depression and finally hanged herself. According to incomplete statistics, from April 1923 to 1929, at least 22 people directly or indirectly related to the excavation of the tomb of Pharaoh Tut anhamen died, and at least 35 experts and scholars involved in the archaeological work of the tomb of Pharaoh died unexpectedly or inexplicably.
so, is there really a mysterious power? Will the Pharaoh who has died for more than 3000 years really appear? People in the 20th century did not believe in the existence of supernatural forces such as ghost retribution. They put forward various hypotheses for this. One is the bacteria theory, which holds that the Pharaoh’s mausoleum is closed and the air is not circulating. Some bacteria may have been closed for more than 3000 years, and the people entering the Pharaoh’s Mausoleum were infected, which modern medicine knows nothing about; One is fungi. Researchers found a killing fungus under a microscope; One is poisons. It is said that the Pharaohs may have placed poisons in murals and other places in order to protect their tombs; Another is the theory of radioactive material or super energyAccording to the material theory, there may be radioactive substances in the Pharaoh’s mausoleum that killed people. However, none of these hypotheses can satisfactorily explain a series of strange events. It seems that there are endless mysteries in the universe, and there are many secrets in the world that we can’t know for sure.