today takes you to understand the civilization history of ancient Greece. American writer Allan Poe has a famous saying: “glory belongs to Greece and greatness belongs to Rome.” Indeed, Greece is the mother of western culture. The modern western concepts of freedom and equality, democratic system and scientific spirit can be found in ancient Greece. The philosopher also said, “the mention of the name Greece naturally evokes a sense of home in the minds of educated Europeans.” The ancient Greeks became the pioneers of modern western civilization because they created a “mature” civilization far beyond their era. Compared with Eastern civilization, ancient Greek civilization has extremely distinctive characteristics. The earliest creators of Greek civilization were pilaski people from West Asia, Akaya people and Dorians from Indo Europe. The ancient Greek world was mainly concentrated around the Aegean Sea, including southern Italy and Sicily.

in other words, the source of Greek civilization is in the Aegean Sea. Although the Aegean Sea is part of the Mediterranean, it is like a great lake. It is surrounded by European land in the West and North, Asia Minor in the East, and a long Crete Island in the South as a barrier. The farthest distance from north to south is only 400 miles. There are many coastal harbors around. There are hundreds of small islands in the sea. It takes only an hour or two to sail between them. The climate here is warm. There are lush plants such as barley, wheat, grapes and olives in the plain. Therefore, bread, olive oil and wine have become the main food for the residents here. At that time, many ancient countries appeared in the north of Crete. In these countries, a large-scale palace building is not only the center of religious and administrative activities, but also the center of economic activities. The city is only an accessory of the palace. Among them, there is a royal palace in knos, called the Minos palace.

in this palace, we can see the high development of Crete civilization. The palace of Minos was built along the mountain, and the stone paved corridor connected the palace gate and the open courtyard. The courtyard is surrounded by palaces. Most of the palaces are three storey buildings with water supply and drainage systems. The corridors are tortuous and thousands of households. Anyone entering the palace gate will be dazzled and fall into a maze. Therefore, this palace is known as “maze” in Greek mythology and legend. The most beautiful part of Minos palace is the Queen’s room. There are round columns with thick top and thin bottom, stone slabs on the ground, and skillful and vivid color murals painted around. In the color painting, flying fish skimmed the water on the blue wave, colorful birds chased in the dense forest, and beautiful girls wore coronets and elegant skirts, singing and dancing, a happy scene of singing and dancing. According to the characteristics of palace architectural civilization, Crete civilization is divided into four civilization development periods, namely, the former palace period, the ancient palace period, the new palace period and the post palace period. The new palace period of

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was the heyday of the highly developed economy and culture of Crete civilization. However, around 1400 ad, the palace of Minos suffered a catastrophe for unknown reasons. 200 years later, the Dorians from across the sea carried out barbaric destruction on the defeated Crete, and the Crete Island has been prosperous and lost in the world. Although the Crete civilization declined, it had a great influence. Mycenae, another region of ancient Greece, was deeply influenced by its civilization. When the Crete civilization fell and the Mycenaean civilization rose, in the words of the Chinese people, it was called succession. Mycenae is located in the southern part of ancient Greece. It was not until 1600 BC that Mycenae formed a country. In terms of time, Mycenae had not established a real country at the peak of Crete civilization. There is no doubt that the Crete civilization is an older generation. Mycenaean civilization was influenced by it and carried forward the cultural tradition of the older generation for more than a hundred years until the later Homer era.

Mycenaean civilization has several major symbols: Architectural signs, text signs and handicraft signs. Architectural signs are two kinds of tombs, one is shaft tomb; One is the dome tomb. The shaft tomb was the cemetery of the powerful and economically rich clan leaders at that time. There are a large number of exquisite gold and silver funerary objects in the tomb, such as gold wine cups, gold masks, gold plates and so on. In archaeology, a short bronze sword less than one foot long was also found. It was exquisitely made. One side of the sword was carved with a picture of a hunter and the other side was carved with a picture of a wild cat catching ducks. This exquisitely carved bronze sword was obviously made by Crete’s craftsman. In 1500 BC, Mycenae formed the country, and the shaft tomb was replaced by the dome tomb. Dome tomb is a kind of magnificent stone tomb. There is a passage in front of the tomb and enters through the tomb door. There is a dome hall. At one end of the hall, there is a small door leading into the tomb chamber. Some domes have a diameter of 14 meters. Historians and archaeologists believe that the dome tomb is the tomb of the king.

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the construction of such tombs requires high stone masonry engineering technology. Although its shape is derived from Crete, its scale is larger than the former. The largest existing dome tomb is 13.2 meters high, and the tomb door is 10 meters high. The aisle inside the door is covered with a huge stone weighing 120 tons, which shows the arduous nature of the project. Since the “dome tomb period”, Mycenae’s productivity has developed rapidly. Metal smelting, gold and silver handicrafts and pottery products soon exceeded the level of Crete. Pottery is also exported to Egypt, Phoenicia, Cyprus, Troy and other places. In terms of writing, Mycenae is also better than blue. From the clay tablets unearthed in the dome tomb, it is found that Mycenae created his own “Linear B” on the basis of Crete’s “linear a”. This text was deciphered in 1952, which proved that Mycenae had entered the slavery society at that time. With private land, there are * * and * *. Women are engaged in weaving and grain grinding in groups. A few * * are engaged in heavy manual labor, such as boating, smelting metal, making weapons or tools. Others are engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry.

in the 14th century BC, the Mycenaean Kingdom entered a strong and prosperous period. During this period, there were many large-scale construction projects. Mycenae, the capital of the Kingdom, is the key area of its civilization. A tall “Lion Gate” is built outside and a magnificent palace castle is built inside. Below is the bustling urban area, forming a complete urban system. The city of tirinx, which is attached to it, is a military pass, with huge stones to build the city wall