European nobles, how do people with titles choose their badges? Are there special rules? Why are the school badges of many universities in Hong Kong in the shape of a shield?
most of my friends answered the secular heraldry system. Let me answer some basic information about the branch of Heraldry – Church heraldry, also known as “pastoral emblem”. For this article, the author retains all copyright.
if you don’t know much about the system of the Catholic Church, please see my humble article:
in addition: Church heraldry this article is about the heraldry of the Catholic Church, that is, the Latin congregation and bishop of the Roman Catholic Church, It does not include the Eastern Catholic Church in the Catholic Church and the heraldry system of the Anglican Church or the Orthodox Church and the Orthodox Church of the East. This does not mean that it is not important, but this article only focuses on the heraldry of the Latin Church.
for my friend’s suggestions, I should write a book “ecclesiastical heraldry” written and published in Chinese, but I haven’t had time to take special photos in Italy and other European countries. The legal procedures and documents of other authors’ photographic works give me a headache. So first share with friends in the history.
are included in the following. The heraldry system is described one by one from top to bottom. It is not allowed to have too long words on the historical records. First, close friends often can’t bear to read them. Second, it’s boring to do so. Therefore, we can’t describe the history, reasons, allusions and some interesting things of the heraldry one by one, but just share them briefly.
the pastoral emblem of the Pope
the elements of the pastoral emblem of the Pope always contain two keys and three crowns.
– the golden key and the silver key symbolize the power of Heaven (gold) and earth (silver) respectively.
and the three-layer crown symbolize the power of the pope in heaven, Purgatory and hell.
the key is the symbol of the power of the church, and the crown is the symbol of the power of the Pope.
the Pope’s Pastoral emblem is usually an improvement in its shape as a pastoral emblem in the Bishop’s era. Let’s look at the comparison between the pastoral emblems of the three Pope and the pastoral emblems of the bishop before them.
comparison of the pastoral emblem of St. John Paul II when he was cardinal and after he became Pope
comparison of the pastoral emblem of Pope Benedict XVI when he was cardinal and after he became Pope.
the pastoral emblem under the current Pope Franciscans. We can see that the pastoral emblem of the Pope is usually the pastoral emblem when he was the bishop, and the form system is changed from the bishop level to the form of the pastoral emblem of the Pope. When the Pope of Venice or the pontiff of Venice, we often see the element of the lion, so we can see it on the pontiff of Venice.
in addition to the Pope’s own pastoral emblem, I also attribute the throne from lack of pastoral emblem to the Pope’s Pastoral emblem.
from the lack of pastoral emblem, we know that the Catholic Church claims that the power of the Catholic Church comes from the power given by Jesus to St. Peter. The Roman bishop is the successor of St. Peter. Therefore, the Roman bishop, the Pope, holds the greatest power of the church – the power entrusted to the church by Jesus. In history, it is inevitable that there will be a state of ownerlessness between the death of the pope or the resignation of the Pope and the election of a new pope. In the Catholic code, this period is called the absence of the Pope, and in Latin, it is sedevacante.
according to the Catholic code, during the absence of the Pope, many church work must be stopped or reduced until the emergence of a new pope. During the absence of the Pope, a lot of work cannot be carried out. For example, the establishment of a new province or parish can only be carried out in the name of the Pope. During the absence of the Pope, the power of the church was temporarily replaced by the Privy Council, and the daily academic affairs were in the hands of the head of the Holy See. Although the length of this period varies from several years to three or five days. However, strictly speaking, during the period of absence of the Holy See, the Pope will design a pastoral emblem, indicating that he himself is the temporary supreme leader of the Holy See during this period.
the throne lacks the pastoral emblem, which was established by the Pope. It is composed of two keys representing the rights of the church and an umbrella.
the form of the pastoral emblem of the Archbishop of the Holy See during the absence of the throne is as follows:
the pastoral emblem of his Excellency cardinal tarcisiobertone during the last absence of the Archbishop:
although the time is very short, However, in just a few days, the Holy See still issued coins of Ouyang during the absence of cardinal Tarcisio Bertone’s throne.
in fact, the Vatican printed u special coins
every time the throne was absent in history. We saw that the front of the coin said: sedevacantemmv (2005)
we saw that the date on the coin was sedevacantimdccxxiii, that is, 1823.
and many more, so I won’t show them one by one.
in addition to the pastoral emblem of the Pope and the lack of pastoral emblem of the Pope, the pastoral emblem belonging to the pope also has the temple emblem of the Pope. In my article, I have listed that the Pontifical temple is divided into two classes: Class A pontifical temple and class B pontifical temple.
the details of their differences are not detailed one by one.
the cardinal animal husbandry emblem is a red hat with five layers and fifteen tassels. Cardinals are divided into three classes: cardinal cardinal, priest cardinal and Deacon cardinal. In fact, the level of the third-class cardinal cannot be separated from the pastoral emblem. The difference of the Privy Council’s Pastoral emblem is mainly in the level of the Bishop’s fief appointed by the Privy Council himself.
the cardinal level has seven titles and six people. Mainly the most important official in charge of the church.
there are usually 50 priestly cardinals, most of whom are archbishops and bishops in major pastoral areas in the world. In fact, they were feudal officials.
deacon level Cardinals are usually 14, mainly other high-level church leaders serving in the Holy See.
according to the church code, when the cardinal of Oriental liturgy is granted the cardinal, he is directly the cardinal of the main church level, and his title is his own fiefdom, which is not included in the quota listed above.
the following figure shows that the Archbishop with the title of Archbishop of the provincial capital was granted the pastoral emblem of the cardinal. The Bishop’s crown has five layers and fifteen tassels. The difference is that the Archbishop’s Cross and the shepherd’s shawl. The bishop of the parish of “pallikds”, “the bishop of the parish of” pallikds “,” the bishop of the parish of “pallikds”, “the bishop of the parish of” pallikds “is currently qualified to be the bishop of the parish.
the Archbishop of the capital (Archbishop of the capital) is an ancient title. Among the archbishops, the Archbishop of the capital is the Archbishop whose fiefdom city is the Archbishop of the capital. All bishops are bishops, but not all bishops are bishops.
as cardinals, most of them are Cardinals all over the world. The pastoral emblem after they were granted the cardinal is as follows. Unlike the cardinal who is a bishop, there is no shepherd’s shawl, but there is a patriarchal cross.
some bishops are not archbishops, but bishops of dioceses. However, for special reasons, the Holy See grants them the title of cardinal. For example, under the bishop of Hong Kong, Tang Han, he is not the archbishop, so even if he is a cardinal, his pastoral emblem can only use the Bishop’s Cross.
in ancient times, the Cardinal was a clergy serving in the Holy See. The seven Cardinals at the bishop level are the bishops of the seven suburbs of Rome. The Cardinals at the priest level are the priests (priests) of each parish in Rome, and the Cardinals at the Deacon level are the deacons of each church in Rome.
however, with the passage of time, the cardinal became a symbol of the privileges granted by the church to some important people, allowing them to become the heir of Peter and a member of the Roman diocese by obtaining the title of cardinal.
after all, the Pope is the bishop of Rome, and the bishop of Rome is the bishop of the Roman diocese, and the cardinal Council is the diocese assembly of the Roman diocese. Therefore, the election of the Pope by the Privy Council follows this ancient tradition. Every cardinal at the bishop level shall obtain the title of bishop in the suburban Diocese of Rome, every cardinal at the priest level shall obtain the title of Cardinal of a Roman Parish, and every cardinal at the Deacon level shall obtain the title of deacon of a Roman Church. But in fact, they only share ancient names with these parishes, parishes and churches, and are not really granted actual religious power. Now, in addition to honorary bishops, there are also actual bishops, priests and deacons in each of the above parishes, parishes and churches.
are somewhat similar to China’s feudal system. Before the Tang and Song Dynasties, they were granted the title of King Zheng, and king Qi was really the king, prefecture and king of a place. Later, they all became a nominal title, rather than really managing one party’s tax and military power.
so some Cardinals may not be bishops or priests, but just deacons. But in the new church law, the cardinal of non clergy was abolished, so the cardinal should at least be a priest. Although there are very few such examples, we can still find such examples.
is not the cardinal pastoral emblem of the bishop, and there is no cross.
today’s non cardinal Cardinals are very, very few. I can only find a very rare example: Lord Roberto Tucci, who was appointed cardinal in 2011, is just a priest, but he was appointed deacon cardinal because of his special contribution.
the patriarch, the bishop of the pastoral emblem, is an ancient and glorious name. Patriarchs originally means ancestor. So we translate it into a bishop. In the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church, we translate it into a patriarch. In history, very few people obtained the title of patriarch. In ancient times, only the four bishops of Rome, Jerusalem and Antioch could be called patriarchs. Of course, later, there was a new Rome – Byzantine bishop.
there are very few Catholic bishops now known as patriarchs. There are five Latin bishops, namely, Western bishops, Latin bishops of Jerusalem, Venetian bishops, Lisbon bishops and East Indian bishops. The Western patriarch, the Pope, secretly removed the name after 2006.
in the Catholic Church, there are no more than ten bishops of the Oriental rite. When the cardinal of the East gets the title of cardinal, he will directly respect the cardinal at the bishop level, and use his own title rather than the title of bishop of the Roman diocese.
there are nine bishops in the Eastern Orthodox Church, and there are a few titles of bishops in the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Eastern Church, but we can’t talk about them one by one today.
in fact, we rarely see the kind of pastoral emblem of the archbishop. Due to the prominent status of the archbishop, most of them have been awarded the title of cardinal, so in practical use, they will mark it as the pastoral emblem of the Archbishop instead of the pastoral emblem of the archbishop. The place where he stayed was the Episcopal region rather than the cardinal’s office, so he used the Bishop’s Pastoral emblem instead of the cardinal’s Pastoral emblem.
the Bishop’s Pastoral emblem is the same as the cardinal’s Pastoral emblemFive layer fifteen spike hat, but it’s green. Pope white, Cardinal Red, bishop green and priest black. This is the Catholic hat decoration rule. And the tassels of the Bishop’s hat are set with Phnom Penh.
the following figure shows the pastoral emblem of his Excellency Fouad Twal, the bishop of Latin Jerusalem. According to the example, all the bishops in Jerusalem bear the holy city cross. Below is the personal emblem, indicating their origin and their congregation.
the following figure is the pastoral emblem of his Excellency cardinal Francesco moraglia, the Archbishop of Venice. He is the cardinal, but this is his pastoral emblem in the Archdiocese of Venice. As an example, all Venetian bishops will have the lion of Venice above their coat of arms. And he is also the archbishop, so there will also be the mark I of the shepherd’s shawl.
well, it’s not agreed that there is a gilt edged one. Now bishops and churches are becoming less sophisticated. No way out.
the patriarch of the patriarch, also known as the chief bishop, is Primus in Latin and primate in English. (biologists translate very well, primates!!!) The archbishop is the Archbishop who manages several provinces, and his power and status are very high. But at present, only the Italian Archbishop actually has the power of the archbishop, and other archbishops are just honorary titles. This pastoral emblem is also very rare, because most archbishops will be granted Cardinals.
the following figure shows the pastoral emblem of his Excellency braulio Rodr í Guez Plaza, the Archbishop of Spain and the Archbishop of Toledo.
next, let’s introduce the archbishop and archbishop of the capital, the Archbishop of the capital and the Archbishop of the capital. The Archbishop of the capital and the Archbishop of the capital are the archbishops of a province. There are several dioceses in a province, and the diocese where the archbishop is located is the archdiocese. All archbishops are archbishops with special historical heritage. The Archbishop’s Pastoral emblem is a green hat crown, four layers and ten tassels, the Archbishop’s Cross and the shepherd’s shawl. The Archbishop has no shepherd’s shawl. In fact, the bishop and other priests in the province can only wear the “spekds” and “spkds” to attend the ceremony.
are all Archbishop’s Pastoral emblems with the following styles:
Archbishop’s Pastoral emblems are as follows:
let’s have a look at the real objects.
the badge of his Excellency Archbishop Terrence Prendergast of the Archdiocese of Ottawa. We can see it clearly in his badge, indicating his Jesuit background.
let’s look at another Archbishop’s Pastoral emblem without shepherd’s shawl.
this is the pastoral emblem of the Archbishop Pei Junmin of Fengtian archdiocese, with a map of Liaoning Province on it. Interestingly, Chinese bishops didn’t like green hats, so they replaced them with other colors.
bishop’s Pastoral emblem is a green hat crown, three layers, six Tassels and Bishop’s Cross.
the badge below is the badge of his Excellency bishop Mitchell Thomas Rozanski, Springfield diocese, Massachusetts.
in addition to the archbishop, the badges of assistant bishops and assistant bishops are the same.
the following describes the pastoral emblem of the bishop.
the chairman’s animal husbandry emblem the chairman’s animal husbandry emblem is a black hat crown tassel. Black hat crown, three layers and six tassels, shepherd’s staff.
is different from the Bishop’s Pastoral emblem in the color of hat crown and tassel, and the symbol of religious authority is the pastoral staff rather than the cross.
the following figure shows die erzabteist The pastoral emblem of his Excellency tutilo burger, President of the martinzu beuron order.
there is a special case of the pastoral emblem of the president of the order, that is, the pastoral emblem of the president of the autonomous Council.
autonomous parishes refer to certain monasteries that act as parishes in special areas. Therefore, the abbot of the autonomous monastery is also responsible for the church affairs in the area. The autonomous Council and the diocese have equal status.
are rare, because there are only 11 autonomous communities in the world. Another one is in North Korea.
the pastoral emblem of the president of the monastery of the autonomous association is a green hat crown, with three layers and six tassels, the same as the bishop. Holding a shepherd’s staff, the same as the president.
below is the pastoral emblem of his Excellency Joseph roduit, President of the Catholic St. Morris autonomous Council.
here I would like to say a special case. When was the bishop of the manor all the rage. Three of the electors of the Holy Roman Empire were bishops of the fiefdom. Today, however, there is only one Archbishop in the world, and it is only an honorary title. We have to say that it is the Archduke of Andorra, the bishop of the Diocese of uher. Andorra, a small European country, has two heads of state and becomes the Archduke of Andorra. One is concurrently held by the head of France and the other by the bishop of the Diocese of uher.
the following figure shows the pastoral emblem of the current bishop of the Diocese of uher and the Archbishop of Andorra, his Excellency Hogan Enrique bivez sisilia.
well, let’s introduce the pastoral emblem of the bishop.
I’m tired. Continue to write later,