At the end of 1940, Admiral Yamamoto, commander of the joint fleet of the Japanese Navy, figured out this truth: the biggest threat for Japan to occupy Southeast Asia is the United States.
Japan will certainly occupy Southeast Asia one day.
At that time, the United States will not stand idly by.
The main force of its Pacific fleet will certainly attack from Pearl Harbor and contain the Japanese attack on Southeast Asia from the flank.
What is the most effective way to solve this problem? Is to let the Pacific Fleet sink into the water first.
Although Yamamoto has such an idea, he dare not implement it.
But when the Japanese military headquarters knew about such a plan, they clapped their hands and shouted, “great!” Therefore, in February of the next year, the Japanese military headquarters formulated a plan to attack Pearl Harbor.
Since then, Japan has entered a tense period of war preparation.
The preparation work includes: simulating the terrain of Pearl Harbor, and then allowing torpedo bombers to carry out attack training like stunts.
Send spies to spy on the entry and exit of the US Pacific fleet into Pearl Harbor.
In order to make the United States unprepared, the Japanese Foreign Ministry sent the former ambassador to Germany to the United States as a “special envoy for peace” to assist Ambassador Saburo Nomura in peace talks with the United States.
In November 1941, Yamamoto issued the “joint fleet top secret operation order No.
1″ according to the instructions of the military command department, outlining the Navy’s strategy in the first stage after the start of the operation, including not only the attack on Pearl Harbor, but also the simultaneous attack on Malaysia, the Philippines, Guam, Wake Island, Hong Kong, China and Nanyang.
The attack was scheduled for Sunday, December 8, at 3:30 a.m. (Sunday, December 7, Hawaii time, at 8 a.m.). Before the war, the Japanese naval command minister, general Yukio Nagano, came to Yamamoto, who was in charge of the plan: “how confident do you think that once the Japanese empire goes to war against the United States?” Yamamoto replied honestly, “I have been in the United States for 13 years.
If you have been to the United States and look at the cars in Detroit and the oil in Kansas, you will know that this battle is not sure at all.
” Yongye has the posture of the king of Yelang state in the Han Dynasty: “really? Well, how long do you think we can last?” Yamamoto didn’t pinch his fingers and directly told him: “about half a year.
Only the ghost knows what will happen after half a year.
” Nagano laughed: “the time is just right.
There is no problem in eliminating the United States in half a year.
” Then he ran to the emperor.
The emperor asked him, “how long will it take you to solve this problem?” He replied confidently, “half a year.
” The emperor suddenly thought of another thing, looked at his nose and asked, “before the war with China, you told me it was three months.
Now how many ‘three months’ have passed?” Nagano’s nose sweated a little.
The emperor ignored him and continued, “the Pacific is bigger than China.
Can you solve it in half a year?” Nagano thinks he can.
Although the emperor pointed out the problem, he did not stop it.
He may never know that Japan is a three-year-old child in front of an adult in the United States.
At that time, the steel production of the United States was 9 times that of Japan, the oil production was 25 times that of Japan, the automobile production was 450 times that of Japan, and the aircraft manufacturing capacity was 600 times that of Japan.
If you don’t want to die when you go to war with such a country, you really can’t find an explanation.
On November 25, 1941, the Japanese Navy dispatched to the standby sea area.
At dawn on December 7, Japanese mobile forces reached 230 nautical miles north of Pearl Harbor.
At the same time, the aircraft on the Japanese aircraft carrier began to fly away from the aircraft carrier.
In 15 minutes, all 183 planes that undertook the first wave of attack missions left the deck and rushed to Pearl Harbor.
This formation mainly includes 43 fighters, 49 horizontal bombers, 40 torpedo aircraft and 51 dive bombers.
At this time, except for two aircraft carriers, eight heavy cruisers and 14 destroyers transporting aircraft on Wake Island and Midway Island respectively, and conducting exercises on Johnston Island, other warships of the US Pacific Fleet were in Pearl Harbor.
In addition, this day is Sunday.
Most of the officers and soldiers have rested, and few of them are officially in combat positions.
Close to 8 o’clock, the Japanese army sent an assault signal, and all flight commandos immediately launched an attack formation, and the dive bomber team took the lead in entering along the valley.
Then, a large number of bombs poured into Hickam airport, Wheeler airport and Ford Island Airport around the U.S. Pacific Fleet base like a rainstorm, blowing hundreds of U.S. planes lined up in wings on the airport to pieces.
In other words, in just a few minutes, the air defense facilities of Pearl Harbor were completely destroyed.
The attacking aircraft sent a successful signal to the aircraft carrier Akagi of Japan: “tiger! Tiger! Tiger!” When the air defense facilities were destroyed, the Japanese air force began to attack American warships.
In the first wave of attacks, American warships lost more than half.
But it’s not over yet.
After the first wave of planes of the Japanese army successfully completed their mission and returned, the 168 planes of the second wave arrived soon.
Bombers mainly attack American ships with thick smoke, while horizontal bombers continue to attack airports, and fighter planes act as air cover.
In the water, the Japanese pocket submarines diving into Pearl Harbor unleashed mines, launched torpedoes, attacked American ships and blocked the port.
The American soldiers were fooled.
In the first wave of Japanese attack, they didn’t have time to fight back.
The most interesting thing is that many American soldiers mistook the incoming Japanese aircraft for their own aircraft and waved to the aircraft, and the aircraft gave them countless bombs in return.
It was not until 8:30 that the US Pacific Fleet command sent an urgent telegram to the Navy: “Pearl Harbor was attacked by air.
This is not a drill.
” But it was too late.
Pearl Harbor was already in a mess.
Countless American soldiers were killed or burned to death.
At 8:50, when Japan’s second wave of aircraft began to attack, the Japanese Foreign Ministry submitted an ultimatum to the Americans.
At that time, US Secretary of state hull was furious and said: “I have worked for half a century, but I have never seen such a document full of despicable lies and distortions.
” At 10 o’clock sharp, the Japanese plane cheered and withdrew from Pearl Harbor and returned to the mother ship.
Soon, the Japanese fleet withdrew to the mainland.
The Americans were completely angry.
The president was seriously ill at that time, but he didn’t sit in a wheelchair.
He just let his son help him into the U.S. Congress.
He was straightforward”Yesterday, December 7, 1941, the United States was deliberately and violently attacked.
This day will always be our national humiliation day! The United States of America was deliberately attacked by the naval and air forces of the Japanese Empire.
” finally, he said: “I ask the Congress to declare that since the unprovoked and cowardly attack of Japan on Sunday, December 7, 1941, there has been a state of war between the United States and the Japanese Empire.
” An hour later, the house and Senate unanimously approved Roosevelt’s declaration of war.
That afternoon, the US government declared war on Japan.
What is the significance of the US Declaration of war on Japan to World War II? Let’s look at the people’s reaction at that time.
When the British Prime Minister heard the news, he burst into tears.
He almost jumped and said, “well, we finally won.
” The German head of state, an ally of Japan and Italy, was furious when he heard the news.
Hitler worried about the United States from the beginning.
It was because of the participation of the United States in the “World War I” that Germany was defeated.
Before the war, he believed that Germany’s goal of conquering Europe, destroying the Soviet Union and finally subduing Britain could be achieved, but there must be a condition that the United States would not intervene.
Therefore, he tried not to give the United States an excuse to participate in the war.
He once issued a strict order to the German admiral: “no German submarine is allowed to attack the American fleet in the Atlantic Ocean.”. However, the Pearl Harbor incident made the Americans finally find an excuse to participate in the war, and Hitler’s dream was about to be dashed.
The butterfly effect began the day after the United States declared war.
On December 9, China officially declared war on Japan, and on December 10, China declared war on Germany and Italy.
Then Australia, New Zealand, Canada and other nearly 20 countries also declared war on Japan one after another.
On the 11th, Germany and Italy had to react and declare war on the United States.
The United States also declared war on Germany and Italy.
So far, the war has truly become a world war.
The strong strength of the United States soon put the German Italian Japanese Alliance in a desperate situation.
It can be said that the Pearl Harbor incident was a key turning point in the Second World War.
The reason for this turning point is the Japanese mouse’s incalculable ambition to swallow elephants.
[cool review] there are two kinds of courage in the world, one is courage, the other is Japanese courage.
In the 7th century, the Japanese dared to fight against the Tang Dynasty, which was at its peak at that time, and the navy was completely destroyed.
In the 20th century, the Japanese dared to wage war against the giant beast the United States, which had always wanted to participate in World War II.
The courage of the Japanese, to be more precise, should be arrogance.
Ignorance is one of the most important opportunities in life.
To have courage in ignorance is to have courage in ignorance.
It can be said that courage leads to heaven and arrogance leads to hell.