the role of the Ming Empire in the “Korean War in Renchen”, of course, is a matter of different opinions. But in any case, for the people of China, Japan and North Korea, the Ming and Japan peace talks, which began in 1593, are a rare breathing opportunity. Just as the peace negotiations entered the most critical stage, North Korean King Lee V suddenly announced that he would put Lee Shun Chen in prison.

since Li Chenggui deposed the last monarch of Korea “King Gong Rang” in 1392 and established the kingdom of Korea. In order to consolidate their own “tyrant rule”, the Li Chenggui family had to buy their loyalty by granting Pro noble land under various names, which is called “Ketian system”. In addition to the “Xun Tian” and “Ke Tian” granted to pro noble and important officials, the kingdom of Korea also cut a large number of land into small pieces and granted them to local giants. Because these recipients have the obligation to fight for the country, they are also called “military fields”. These vested interest groups with hereditary private fields were collectively known as “two classes of nobles” because of their “Wendong Wuxi” during the Korean Dynasty. The top-level system design of

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, “Ketian system” and “two classes of nobles” is undoubtedly beneficial to the supreme ruler. However, due to the narrow territory and thick people in North Korea, in order to compete for the voice of “sharing the cake”, a series of “scholar disasters” and “party disputes” are inevitable. Japan launched the war of aggression against Korea at a time when the dispute between “East and West party members” in Korea was not settled, and the dispute between “south and North party members” rose again. Like most of the factional disputes in East Asia, the East, West, South and North Four Party in North Korea also takes Confucian classics and the lineage of the supreme ruler as an example. Of course, they are not fighting to distinguish whether the core of Cheng Zhu’s theory is “sex” or “Qi”, or whether Li Chenggui has Han or Mongolian descent. The core goal is to drive the other party out of the court in the name of righteousness. In 1591 ad, the eastern and western parties of North Korea made trouble again for the “successors” of King Li v. Although the “dispute over the establishment of the reserve” ended with the full victory of the Oriental party, there were differences within the Oriental party over whether the western party with “political failure” should be wiped out or “feirplai”, and then split into the northern Party led by Li Shanhai and the southern Party led by Liu Chenglong. At the break of this series of partisan disputes, the “golden combination” sent to Japan a year ago came back.

“golden combination” refers to Huang Yunji of the “western party” and Jin Chengyi of the “Eastern party”. Since the parties are different, the briefing on Japan’s national conditions can not be the same. Huang Yunji said that Japan “has a strong army and a warrior in power”. It’s just that Jin se Cheng is not enough. Huang Yunji said that Fengcheng Xiuji “has deep star eyes and shines at people”. Jin Cheng said that it is actually called “eyes like mice”. From the follow-up development of the situation, Huang Yunji’s statement was obviously more in line with Japan’s national conditions at that time, but at this time, there were all his political enemies on the court. How could anyone help him. Therefore, in the chorus of “Dongren party” of “projectile island countries are not worried”, North Korean king Li V also felt it was unnecessary.

portrait of Li shunchen

II. What was Li shunchen’s status before the war?

Jin Chengyi was in the court hall. Although he deliberately put Huang Yunji, an envoy of the same regiment, he privately informed his fellow countryman Liu Chenglong of the news of Japan’s war preparation for the first time. Knowing the seriousness of the situation, Liu Chenglong immediately began to send capable confidants to the south of the Korean Peninsula to prepare for war. Among them, the most famous are Quan Li, who served as the pastoral envoy of Guangzhou, and Li shunchen, who served as the festival envoy of the water army of quanluo Zuo road.

power Li genhong Miao Zheng, father is the former leader of political power. However, although Quan Li himself took the martial arts examination in his early years, he did not devote himself to the military. At this time, he became the chief military and political officer of a state without a single inch of merit. In addition to the shadow of the family, he was naturally recommended by his hometown Liu Chenglong. Compared with Quan Li, Li shunchen’s birth is “poor”. It is said in Korean history books that he is the 12th generation grandson of Li Dunshou, the ancestor of Li family in Deshui. Whether this is too distant is true or not. Even if Li shunchen was really the descendant of Zhonglang, the God of the Koryo Kingdom, there was nothing to be proud of during the reign of the Korean kingdom. Among Li shunchen’s immediate relatives, only his great grandfather Li Ju served as a military Cao counsellor, and his grandparents were even more down in the family. However, although Li Zhen, Li shunchen’s father, is a commoner in cloth clothes, it is domineering to name his sons. The younger brothers of Li shunchen and Yu Chen are called Yao Chen. If you have another one, you don’t know if you want to call Qichen.

there is a very interesting phenomenon in Chinese history reading. The author calls it “name impression”. For example, in the official history, he was clearly a talented man who was good at painting beauties and writing inscriptions immediately. Just because his name was quite domineering, he became a reckless man with a leopard head and eyes and a swallow’s chin and tiger’s beard in the romance. Even if he occasionally had a good strategy, it was just “coarse and fine”. Li shunchen, who commanded the Navy and the Japanese aggressor Zhou Xuan along the coast of the Korean Peninsula, was originally a professional officer of martial arts and military background, but because he had the same name as the great Confucian in the song and Ming Dynasties, he was mostly a gentle and elegant image of a Confucian general in later generations.

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are different from the ancient Chinese saying of “poor literature and rich martial arts, full blowing and hungry singing”. Under the control of the “two classes of nobles” in the kingdom of Korea, liberal arts and martial arts are the privileges of the productive class (the owners of Xun Tian, Ke Tian and Jun Tian), and ordinary people can only participate in miscellaneous examinations (Yi, medicine, yin and Yang, law, etc.). Although Li shunchen is qualified to participate in the martial arts examination, he won the examination at the age of 32, which is regarded as a late success. Compared with the free and easy way that dignitaries like Quan Li don’t like being an official, Li shunchen spent almost the first half of his life “offering youth to the frontier of the motherland”. In 1579 ad, Li shunchen was transferred to xianjingdao, which is famous for its underground nuclear test, to resist the harassment of Nvzhen tribe. This treatment lasted for ten years. During this period, he lost his crime and was dismissed due to the defeat of Lutun Island, and joined the army in white. The Korean film “heavenly army”, which many people regard as the prequel of “Ming Liang”, reflects the history of Li shunchen’s “walking back”.

Liu Chenglong is undoubtedly the most important person in Li shunchen’s life, but Korean historical materials are very taboo about the relationship between the two people. It is only said that the two people were old acquaintances when they were young. But it is really unconvincing how Liu Chenglong, who grew up in Anton, knew Li shunchen, who lives in Seoul. It is worth noting that Li shunchen was an envoy of Jinhai capital before Liu Chenglong’s insight was discovered Li Qinglu recommended Li Shanhai, another big man of the “Oriental party”. It can be said that long before Liu Chenglong “did not stick to one style” to use talents, Li shunchen was already regarded as the periphery of the “Oriental party”. At almost the same time, the commanders of the three major naval divisions in the south of the king of Korea changed. In addition to Li shunchen, who presided over quanluo Zuo Road, Li Yiqi, a side branch of the royal family, was in charge of quanluo Youdao, and Yuan Jun, an envoy of Funing capital, the former Xianjing Road, took over the responsibility of Qingshang Youdao. The two and Li shunchen have the biggest thing in common is that they both fought with the Nvzhen nationality on the northeast border. They are “military and political compound talents” with practical combat experience. It can be seen from this that the kingdom of Korea started the war preparedness work related to resisting Japanese aggression no later than ad 1591. The so-called “people in North Korea did not know their soldiers for more than 200 years” and “it is like an invasion without warning” are not tenable. The reason why the Korean army collapsed thousands of miles in the early stage of the “Renchen Korean War” was entirely caused by the misjudgment of the domestic political system and strategy of North Korea.

North Korea and Japan are separated by a strip of water and have been in constant friction since ancient times. Although the Mongol Yuan Empire failed to occupy Japan twice, it also exhausted the financial resources of the Kamakura shogunate, which eventually led to the downfall of liuborokitao, who maintained the regime. The Japanese archipelago has been in dispute for more than half a century. Without the restraint of centralization, the cross sea looting spontaneously organized by the coastal people of Japan prevailed for a time. The “Japanese pirates” who had plagued the Daming empire for a long time were also the main foreign aggression on the Korean Peninsula. Li Chenggui, the founding monarch of North Korea, led the army to defeat Japanese pirates three times. In 1389 and 1419, the Korean army made two expeditions to the Falklands to cross the border against Japanese pirates. Therefore, in the official concept of North Korea, the means of Japan’s invasion of North Korea is nothing more than sea harassment and small-scale amphibious assault. As long as we strengthen the construction of Navy, we can deal with it. It was not until April 14, 1592, when tens of thousands of Japanese pioneers rolled into the sea along the line of Busan that the king of Korea knew that he was wrong.

perspective view of Da’an house ship

III. who is the “pirate king” killed in Mingliang sea battle?

as an island country, Japan has not lacked pirate groups collectively referred to as “water army” since ancient times. As the Warring States period became more and more fierce. The local naval forces that had no ownership successively acquired for the rich and powerful, and became the “maritime business department” of the famous “Co., Ltd.” in the Warring States period. For a time, after your singing, I came on stage, which was also very lively. It has also promoted the upgrading of the shipbuilding industry and shipborne weapons in the Japanese archipelago. In 1576 ad, under the full support of Zhitian’s family, Jiugui Jialong, the leader of Jizhou water army, subordinate to Zhitian Xinchang, built a “Da’an house ship” with seven wide rooms (about 12 meters) and twelve full-length rooms (about 21 meters), with two layers of painted wood as masts and oars, covered with iron plates and lined with artillery. Two years later, Jiugui Jialong broke through more than 600 wooden warships of the Maori and Murakami Navy joint fleet that dominated the Seto Inland Sea for more than 30 years with six Daanzhai ships. It can be said that the first World War raised the level of Japan’s naval war.

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as the successor of Nobutaka’s political heritage, Feng Cheng Xiuji does not neglect the construction of the Navy. As early as when she was ordered by Nobunaga Yoshida to occupy the Maori territory in the west of Honshu, Hideki Toyama used her good means to recruit traitors and enlist Seto neihaiyun to the Murakami navy of the islands. At this time, the internal undercurrent of Murakami water army with unclear equity is also surging. The first to deviate from Maori’s direction is that Lai daotong, who is called “the pirate king” in the film “Ming Liang”, and his unlucky brother, Deju Tongxing.

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