from ancient times to the present, you must be familiar with assassins. Assassins are organized, which is an organization that secretly kills an important person for political interests or money. Such organizations are usually despised by the world because they kill people by sneak attacks and some despicable means. There are many examples of assassinating kings in history, but most of them failed. For example, Jing Ke in ancient China failed to assassinate the king of Qin. But there were also successes. A group of elders assassinated the ancient Roman emperor. Today, Xiaobian wants to introduce the only powerful character who successfully assassinated the British Prime Minister. Now let’s see who he is.
John Bellingham (C. 1769-may 18, 1812), a British businessman, worked in Britain in his early years and was illegally detained in Russia in 1804. After returning to Britain in 1809, he repeatedly failed to claim compensation from the government. In anger, he shot and killed Prime Minister Spencer Percival in the lobby of the house of Commons on May 11, 1812, He became the only assassin in history who successfully assassinated the British Prime Minister. Bellingham was convicted of murder by the court on May 13 of the same year and was publicly hanged five days later.
have very few records about Bellingham’s early life, and most of his biographies are published after the assassination, and most of the contents are speculation. As for the existing data, Bellingham should have been born in St neots in Huntington and later moved to London, where he grew up. At the age of 14, he became an apprentice in a jewelry store in London and was recruited as an alternate lieutenant in the Navy two years later. He was sent to Hartwell and set out from graveend, Kent, to China. The voyage was the maiden voyage of the Hartwell, but the crew mutinied on May 22, 1787, resulting in the ship hitting the rocks and grounding.
in 1794, Bellingham opened a can making factory in Oxford Road, London. However, due to poor management, the factory went bankrupt in March of the same year, but it is still uncertain whether this person is really Bellingham. It is generally believed that Bellingham worked as a clerk in an accounting office in the late 1790s, and then was sent to Arkhangelsk, Russia around 1800 to act as an intermediary for the entrance and exit. He returned to England in 1802 and became the agent of a businessman in Liverpool. He later married Mary Neville in 1803. In the summer of 1804, Bellingham went to Arkhangelsk again for a short stay as an export representative.
in the autumn of 1803, a Russian ship, Soleure, disappeared in the white sea, and the ship had purchased insurance from Lloyd’s of London. The owner, R. van brienen, and his family were ready to claim compensation from the insurance company, but the insurance company then received an anonymous letter saying that the ship had sunk due to malicious damage. The Yun brinen family suspected that Bellingham was the sender of the anonymous letter, so they took the opportunity to retaliate, saying that Bellingham was the trustee of a bankrupt and should pay 4890 rubles for the celebrity. Bellingham was preparing to leave Russia and return to Britain on November 16, 1804, but he was refused to leave the country because of this.
Yun Brennen later urged the governor of the place to successfully put Bellingham under house arrest and was released a year later. After his release, Bellingham immediately left Arkhangelsk and went to St. Petersburg to file a complaint with the governor. As a result, Bellingham failed to sue the governor, but was accused by Russia of secretly leaving Arkhangelsk, so he was put under house arrest again. Bellingham was finally released from prison in October 1808, but was still not allowed to leave the country. He was helpless and penniless in the street and fell into despair, so he pleaded with the czar. Finally, Bellingham was allowed to leave Russia in 1809 and returned to England in December of the same year.
after returning to England, Bellingham pleaded with the British government for compensation for his house arrest, but the British government refused to accept it on the grounds that Britain and Russia had severed diplomatic relations in November 1808. Later, his wife told him to give up his claim, and Bellingham returned to work.
in 1812, Bellingham went to work in London and brought up the claim again. On April 18, he went alone to the office of the Ministry of foreign affairs to inquire about the claim. A civil servant named Hill replied and told him that he could claim compensation in any way he thought reasonable. So Bellingham decided to solve it in an “alternative” way. In addition, he ordered two and a half calibre guns at Skinner Street on the 20th. From then on, he haunted the lobby of the house of Commons more often.
on May 11, 1812, Bellingham and a friend’s family went to visit the Watercolor Exhibition. After seeing the exhibition and recognizing the target character, he went straight to the British Parliament building. He waited in the lobby until British Prime Minister Spencer Percival appeared. He immediately came forward, took out the pistol from his pocket, shot the prime minister in the heart, and then calmly sat on a row of benches. After the incident, there was panic at the scene, but Bellingham was immediately retained by those present and confirmed as the murderer by Isaac Gascoyne, a member of the house of Commons representing Liverpool.
Bellingham appeared in the Old Bailey Criminal Court on May 13. He claimed that the person to be assassinated was not the prime minister, but the British ambassador to Russia, but Bellingham recognized the wrong person and thought Spencer Percival was the subordinate of the tyrant in his eyes. He also solemnly defended in court: “Gentlemen, please think about my situation in those days. Please think about it, because Mr. Percival made the justice of the law impossible to claim, and completely collapsed my family and myself. He covered up himself, ravaged the law, thought he was safe, and didn’t expect revenge to come to him. What I want is nothing else. It’s just my due right, what I want It is the rights and interests of every British