– the widely circulated “I am the country” of the ghost of Louis XIV is obviously a fabrication of good people, but Louis XIV lost his ability to argue after all. The monarchy revolution in the 17th century can be seen as the aftermath of the religious reform in the last century. The destruction of the old order urgently needs the establishment of a new order. The whole European continent is seeking nationalism. Unfortunately, compared with the previous kings of England, William I was Norman, the Canary Dynasty came from France, and the Tudor Dynasty was Welsh, The king of Hanover is Germanic – and archbishop Richelieu, the Minister of Louis XIV’s father, began an ambitious experiment of depriving aristocratic privileges long before he ascended the throne – if you saw a cartoon called the Three Musketeers when you were a child, you must still be full of hatred for this archbishop. The Archbishop’s ability is far more than that. The departure of Huguenots has been cast a shadow under his rule, which indirectly promotes the rise of Germany – it will launch crazy revenge in the next century.




in fact, as early as the establishment of the Bourbon Dynasty, the intellectual community began to advocate autocratic monarchy. In the famous six books of the Republic, Jean bodan believed that the country has supreme sovereignty. The monarch is the symbol of sovereignty. He has absolute power over other groups, making it in line with the interests of the country. The six books of the Republic is widely circulated in France and has far-reaching influence, but it is obviously not a groundbreaking new idea. Sao Paulo has long said that God recognizes the ruler, which is the initial source of the legalization of sovereign power. In addition, as a Catholic country in France, monks longed for the glory of Christ to be reunited again, so it was not surprising that bishops stood on the side of the monarch and shouted for the dictatorship.

the group later called the bourgeoisie actually flourished in the 12th and 3rd centuries. Louis XIV and his grandfather relied on the rise of this group to resist the rudeness of the nobility – the war and usurpation plot never stopped. The emerging class, which is rich in technology and business, is also willing to spend some money in exchange for political power after making a lot of money. Moreover, the lords who live on “old money” often insult this new group. So the two hit it off. A large number of bourgeoisie entered the French court. They were skilled in calculation. They undertook all kinds of paperwork and records, conscientiously and honestly. They have changed the bloated French bureaucracy, and the improvement of efficiency is a natural fact – nobles are only suitable for fighting.

from Louis XI, the king launched an indirect offensive against the nobles, and the means adopted are also common in history: for example, forcing them to leave their territory. These measures reduced the nobles from the general class to the parasites of society – Tocqueville’s old order and the great revolution had a wonderful discussion about it. Since then, the lords who lived on real estate began to yearn for the salary given by the king.

Louis XIV, the sun king, came on stage in this background. However, it is clear that Louis XIV’s childhood was not very happy. As the mother of the Regent, he married the then cardinal, Italian maserin. Masarin is a model of diligence. He not only needs to deal with Spain and Britain, but also undertakes the responsibility of teaching little Louis. But these practices did not win the favor of the nobility. The smoke of three decades of war has not been extinguished, and the five-year civil strife has rekindled the passion of the French. The wandering young Louis must remember the thrills and hardships along the way This laid the groundwork for his further weakening of the privileges of the nobility.

Louis XIV came to power as an adult. He calmly launched an investigation into Fukai, the then finance minister. The incident shocked the government and the public. Many nobles are heartbroken because during the tenure of the finance minister, anyone can wipe some money from the country at will. It was Colbert who succeeded Fukai and naturally belonged to the bourgeoisie – of course, it was also this person who exposed Fukai.

Colbert’s drastic administrative reform in France: first, streamline institutions, punish corruption, reduce budgets again, save funds, restrain imports and increase exports. The remnant of the brilliant Chinese Dynasty must be familiar with these measures. However, unlike most of the reforms in China that only stay on slogans, Colbert gathered a large number of decadent bourgeois elements, who carried out vigorous order reconstruction in order to promote the development of trade. At this time, the bourgeoisie is no longer a group slaughtered by their predecessors. They hate the immunity of the nobility – the reason is very simple. The wealth of the Treasury mainly comes from their hard-working trade, and the nobility do nothing but enjoy the fruits of the harvest with them. How can it not make people hate privilege? Therefore, the role of Colbert’s reform is not only to fill the Treasury, but also to further weaken the power of the nobility – of course, the monarchy can be strengthened. Of course, Colbert also cared about farmers. He repaired roads, dredged ditches and reduced taxes. In short, under his leadership, the glory of the sun king is increasingly dazzling, just like today’s China, when France was the factory of the world.

if we follow Colbert’s logic, perhaps the rise of Britain needs to encounter more resistance. However, the increase in wealth obviously encouraged Louis’s ambition – in fact, it can not be said that the subsequent military actions were entirely out of ambition. Louis, who deprived the aristocracy of power, has been worried about the legitimacy of the monarchy, while the glory of the war can effectively resist the attack from the aristocracy – in addition, Spain and Austria have been eyeing. Thus, the four wars that lasted half a century became the most important memory of Louis XIV. Almost at the same time, the local assembly and the three-level meeting – often regarded as a symbol of people’s freedom – disappeared. In short, France was completely in chaos, and Louis XIV took full control of all power.

although Louis failed repeatedly, he still achieved the expected goal, and the nobles feared him. But the sun’sWaving flags and shouting.

glorious revolution has become a brilliant page in British history. It may be inappropriate for later generations to call it bloodless, not because James had nosebleed in this fight, but because of William’s massacre in Glencoe – a place better known for appearing in the film Harry Potter. It may also be inappropriate for later generations to call it revolution. It is more like a movement. It does not focus on the future, but returns to the past. Nothing has changed. The future has not shown its outline. The Whigs and Tories are still chattering. As for the new form of government, it will not really take shape until 200 years later.