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. We feel that their real life is not so rich. Instead, they spend a lot of human and material resources on the afterlife, which is so illusory for us. Who comes back from there and who tells us what it is like there? Why did the people of ancient Egypt believe in that place so much?

why is ancient Egyptian civilization mysterious? What did the ancient Egyptians leave us most?

when it comes to ancient Egypt, we first think of pyramids and mummies. So, does Egypt have a large-scale palace like our forbidden city? No, After visiting Egypt, many people have a feeling: they only see two things, one is a tomb and the other is a temple. When visiting southern Egypt, I saw many temples; In the north, there are pyramids and other tombs. Why did the ancient Egyptians leave us most temples and Tombs? In addition, people will have the impression that when they see many exhibits of ancient Egypt in the museum, they feel that the Egyptians really “look back to death”. They seem to have no fear of death, but pay special attention to the afterlife. For the afterlife, they will prepare rich funerary objects and luxurious tombs, and all kinds of temples are also bridges to the afterlife. Have you ever thought about this question: why do they see reincarnation like this? It gives us the feeling that their real life is not so rich. Instead, they spend a lot of human and material resources on the afterlife, which is so illusory for us. Who comes back from there and who tells us what it is like there? Why did the people of ancient Egypt believe in that place so much?

let’s take these questions to see what they think of the afterlife and their religious beliefs from the perspective of tomb customs. We are all descendants of ancient civilization. When looking at another ancient civilization, we should see similar places and different places. This is the question mark with which we explore ancient Egyptian civilization today.

to understand the ideas of ancient Egyptians, let’s first look at their works of art. Visiting tombs and temples in Egypt doesn’t give you a gloomy feeling. It’s not all related to death. First of all, look at this mural in ancient Egypt, “Nebamun beat birds”. This is an ancient Egyptian “family photo”: the husband is catching a bird, the wife is standing behind like a vase, dressed like a banquet, their children are here, and their pet cat is also participating in labor. It catches a bird with its front paw and a bird in its mouth. Where were such beautiful murals found in such scenes as hunting, leisure, singing and dancing? They all appeared in the tomb. Do you feel the fear of death when you see such murals in the tomb? I feel the breath of life. I feel that Egyptians love life very much.

second, what’s the difference between these paintings and our paintings today? Do you think it’s a little strange? First, look at the characters, which is called the “law of frontal sideways”: the people in the painting sit sideways, but look at their eyes, they are positive. The eyes on the front and the head on the side; The shoulders are positive, and the waist passes by again. So it looks like this. This is called “strabismus”. When we use the usual perspective method, when a person sits on his side, his eyes should also be on the side, shouldn’t they? But ancient Egyptian art is not like this. Strabismus is a feature of ancient Egyptian art. Another form of

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strabismus is that when you look at the food on the tabletop painted in the picture, do you think it is a very difficult action: all the offerings that were originally laid flat on the table are stacked and painted, which is equal to the table standing up for you to see.

in addition, when ancient Egyptians painted jewelry boxes, they would draw all kinds of gold and silver jewelry on the picture. These are in jewelry boxes, but ancient Egyptian craftsmen painted them on the top of the box to show you. It seems that they all came out of the box. This is called “hypothetical transparency”. This is also a treatment of strabismus.

there are pictures of people fishing, but the fish are not in the water, they are “flying” in the air, and their heads are out of the basket. This is all “hypothetical transparency”. Draw the things in the basket for you to see. This is the application of strabismus.

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and this “garden pool” are another expression of the strabismus method, called “everything”. The picture is a lake or a pond. It seems that all the trees around it have been flattened for you to see, and the geese and fish in the pond stand up for you to see.

then why did the Egyptians like strabismus so much? Some people believe that the ancient Greeks pioneered the perspective method, and Egyptian craftsmen have not mastered the principle of perspective. But when the ancient Egyptians showed some small people, such as servants, workers and foreigners, their perspective method was very good. They could draw people’s back, side and so on. But why use strabismus on important pictures? Let’s see if we can guess the answer. The answer to the question

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is related to the concept of afterlife of ancient Egyptians. What kind of world did the Egyptians imagine the afterlife to be? As like as two peas, the only thing that is not good is to remove the bad part. Now, some diseases and senility are gone. Therefore, in the eyes of the ancient Egyptians, the afterlife is the continuation of the present, death is just an interruption, and then live like the present world. Different from the Indian concept of “reincarnation”, the Egyptians imagine that the afterlife is the continuation of this life, so they have to do everything possible to keep all the good things in this life, including their bodies, so they have to spend so much time making mummies. In terms of art, let’s think about it. If the person on a mural or relief is positive, can his head be treated to see a complete head? No, just the face. So it’s processed into a side, you can see the back of the head, but you have toDraw your eyes in front. In addition to eyes, shoulders and chest are also very important, so they are also treated as front. Therefore, what the ancient Egyptians pursued was “integrity”. The more complete the person, the better. The positive sideways law is the result of the Egyptians’ pursuit of integrity,

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