even the coronation of the king needs the approval of the Pope, and even the people of different countries agree with the authority of the Pope. How did the Pope establish his authority on such a continent and among so many countries?
Pope refers to the Pope of Rome, so we have to start with the Roman Church.
at the beginning, let’s briefly talk about the situation at the beginning. When Constantine I established Christianity as the state religion, Christianity obtained many privileges from the Empire, such as the right to receive inheritance, duty-free clergy and so on. When Christians encounter problems, they often do not go through the imperial court, but look for the arbitration of bishops to solve problems and disputes. At the same time, since Christianity became the state religion, the law allows bishops to act as judges in civil disputes. In addition, Christianity also has the right to church asylum. It can be seen that since then, the church has begun to become an organization that can compete with the imperial government. After all, when we become the most important friend of Christ, it is difficult to distinguish between Caesar and God.
because of the problem of Arianism, Constantinus imagnus convened the first Council of Nicaea (A.D. 325) to criticize Arianism, but many leaders in the East did not agree with the Council of Nicaea’s decision. Five years later, Arianism won through the imperial court, and pop Alexander of Alexandria, the biggest opponent of Arianism, was released.
(Pope Alexander of Alexandria) at that time had four archbishops, namely the bishops of the four most important cities of the Empire at that time, namely Rome, Jerusalem, the city and Antioch. At that time, most bishops in Western Rome opposed Arianism, while most bishops in Eastern Rome supported Arianism. At that time, Constantine II was just the emperor of Eastern Rome at the beginning, but he believed that the bishops of Western Rome should also take the faith of the Empire for granted. At this time, Pope Alexander of Alexandria came to Italy to find his ally, the 35th Pope st Julius I. st Julius I held a religious conference of two in Italy against Arianism. They suggested that the emperor made mistakes in faith, and that the emperor had no right to interfere in matters of faith, and that the emperor had no authority in sacred institutions. This was the beginning of the church’s rivalry with the imperial government. The dispute over
(st Julius I) Arianism finally ended in the victory of the Roman Church in the Empire in the hands of Theodosius I.
the leadership of the Roman Church in 381, the first Council of Constantinople established the papal power of the Roman Church. But at that time, this power was not fully recognized. For example, the Church of Constantinople thought that they were on an equal footing with Rome, although Constantinople was only second in the meeting.
the Roman Church has always considered itself the chief of Christianity, mainly because the Roman church was founded by St Peter. The first person to call a Roman bishop “Pope” was the 37th Pope St damassus I.
St damasusi said that the leadership of the Roman church was based on what Christ said to St. Peter. The doctrine of papal power at St. Peter’s time is derived from the contents of three Bibles.
Matthew 16 18-19
I also tell you: you are Peter, and I will build my church on this rock, and the door of hell cannot surpass it.
I will give you the key of the kingdom of heaven. What you bind on earth will be bound in heaven; What you release on earth will be released in heaven.
but I have prayed for you so that you will not lose faith.
after they had finished their breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, “Simon, son of John (called Jonah in Matt 16:17), do you love me more than these? Peter said, Lord, yes, you know I love you. Jesus said to him, “you j keep my lamb.”.
Jesus said to him a second time: Simon, son of John, do you love me? Peter said, Lord, yes, you know I love you. Jesus said, “feed my sheep.”.
said to him for the third time: Simon o, son of John, do you love me? Peter was sad because Jesus said to him the third time, “do you love me?” and he said to Jesus, “Lord, you know everything; You know I love you. Jesus said, “you j keep my sheep.”.
the Pope, the other person of St. Peter, exercises the power conferred by Christ.
St siricius after St damasusi sought consistency in the religious rites of bishops in other regions. Stinnocenti even attempted to exercise the judicial power of the Roman Church in cases including the bishop of Constantine.
passed away. By the fifth century, the Empire had gradually lost its influence in Italy. At that time, it was st Leo I (Leo great) who protected Rome from barbarians. The dispute between ST Leo I and monothelism was won at the Council of Chalcedon, although the Council of Chalcedon caused the division of the Christian world, But the power over the Roman church was a major victory. However, the victory over Arianism or monotheitism would not have been possible had it not been for the support of the new heavy emperor. At that time, the emperor was still far more powerful than the Pope.
(st Leo I) after the demise of the west east horse, there was inevitably a huge contradiction between the Holy See and Byzantium. The root of this contradiction was the power of the Pope, and the Byzantium hoped to cooperate with the powerful monoth in the Easthighest.