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. The European continent is not limited by many geographical conditions. Why has Europe not achieved great unification and has always been a scattered country? In contrast, in China, most of the Royal dynasties were unified countries. Where did the difference come from?

the geographical location of the European continent is very superior. No one can find fault with this sentence on the test paper. It has its own logic and can be used as a sentence pattern of concept definition. Well, it’s like asking a person whose knowledge reserve is still hovering in the middle and low levels — “what do you know about Europe?” England, Germany, France, Italy… Football Beer, World War I and World War II… This is Europe under the understanding of most people’s simple knowledge, right? Is it representative? Very right! Very representative! Ancient Europe looked at Greece, and the Middle Ages looked at Greece ǎ Roman Empire), modern Europe, Britain, two wars set the world! Europe, fully known as Europa, is derived from Greek mythology, just like Chinese mythology and legend: three worlds, five continents, Western Paradise… God knows what the Greeks want to use Europa? The area of Europe is really not big in the eyes of the Chinese, which is not much different from that of China. Europe covers an area of 10.16 million square kilometers. If China wants to go back to Sakhalin Island and the area east of Balkash lake, it can only think about it if it does not involve Kashmir and China completely wins Europe from the land area! Europe starts from the Atlantic Ocean in the west, faces the Arctic sea in the north, and faces Africa across the Mediterranean Sea in the south. This is about the Strait of Gibraltar, which is the boundary between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean. The word “Gibraltar” itself comes from Arabic. The Arab world in North Africa and the European world have fought here for many times, which has also confused Spain and Morocco for many years! If the west, north, South and three directions are natural boundaries, then in my opinion, the East is more like the boundary between race and geopolitics. The East is bounded by Ural Mountain, Ural River, Caspian Sea, great Caucasus mountain, Black Sea and Asia. As the European headquarters with Charlemagne empire as the main body, it has been relatively exclusive of Slavs since ancient times. Think about the context of the two World Wars – first, the Germans provoked the Slavs, then the Slavs rose up to resist, and then the last war broke out. Then, all those who took advantage of the fire and fished in troubled waters joined in. The World War II was a war of lightning, and then it was a war in which all of us lost our lives in the last century. I think only Europeans know the thinking brought by the two wars. In my opinion, the most hateful thing is not the main body of the contradiction. The warring parties are the third party watching the tiger fight across the mountain. The facts have also proved that the confusion will be paid back sooner or later. If Yamamoto did not build Zhenzhu port in the United States, they might look, look, and then look… This logic is a little child’s play, At the level of human wisdom, isn’t it absurd? Otherwise! Because politics itself is an enlarged “children’s family”! I seem to deviate from the theme? No, From the two levels of tangible and intangible, from organic to inorganic, from politics to economy, from economy to politics, from politics to culture, and from culture to politics, we discuss the three-dimensional integration of politics, economy and culture in Europe, which is similar to that in China:

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. It shows that we all know that the hundred year war between Britain and France, the war between Prussia and France, and the war between England and Scotland on the British Isles are inseparable. Let’s take England and Scotland as an example to analyze that the final result of the 2014 Scottish referendum was still under the rule of the Queen of England. So where are the grievances between England and Scotland? In fact, they are two different ethnic groups, the central Anglo Saxons and the Celts. From the beginning of the fifth century to the completion of the British bourgeois revolution, the two ethnic groups fought endlessly. Scotland achieved independence in 1314. On May 1, 1707, the Queen Anne’s joint act merged the parliaments of England and Scotland, and both sides abandoned their independent status, The United Kingdom of Great Britain, of course, merged with Wales. Why did the two sides stop the hundred year war because they had the same queen, Kenneth macalpin! Therefore, from the different autonomous regions of the unified European countries, we can see that the national consciousness of European countries is quite strong. If we divide European countries into small regions, there will be: Western Europe, northern Europe, Eastern Europe, Central Europe and southern Europe. Western Europe mainly includes Britain, France, the Netherlands, Ireland, Belgium and Monaco. Among these countries, Britain has probably analyzed it clearly. The main ethnic group of France is the French nation, as well as the Corsicans and britannies. This French nation is the descendant of Gauls. Of course, France is an independent state regime. The Irish nation is a descendant of the Celts. Before 1922, Ireland belonged to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. After 1922, the independent Republic of Ireland was established, and Northern Ireland continued to remain in the United Kingdom. The main national group of the Netherlands is Dutch, and the ancestors of the Dutch are the descendants of the flees, batavi, Franks and Saxons of the West Branch of the Germanic tribe. From this point, it can be seen that the main national group of European countries is a new national body produced by the integration of local and foreign nationalities in Europe, At its root, they are the descendants of several ancient nationalities (Germanic, Slavic, Gaul and Celtic). In a sense, they have the preconditions for reunification. They live together in different regions and finally form an independent national character. From this level, they have the conditions to establish an independent political power. Northern Europe, mainly refers to Scandinavia, mainly including Norway, Sweden, Finland, Iceland and Denmark. The main ethnic groups of these five countries are basically descendants of Vikings. Vikings are fierce by nature because they have long lived in northern Europe with bitter and cold natural conditions. In the vision of orthodox ethnic groups in the European continent, Vikings and barbarians can’t get rid of their relationship! This is a general understanding of history. Some winners are kings and losers are thieves! Since Scandinavia is separated from Europe, the main countries of the peninsula are Norway, Finland, Sweden, northern Europe, Iceland and Denmark in JutlandAs long as people understand European history, Germany must be a compulsory course. Poland is a country in the middle of the Germanic nation and the Slavic nation. The poles are the Slavic nation. We can see that the first place Hitler aimed his angry gun at during World War II was Poland (if Britain and France were feuds, the hundred year war was inseparable, Henry VI and Joan of arc, one aggression and one anti aggression), The “receiver” of the European continent is Poland, which was invaded by Prussia and interfered by Tsarist queen Ekaterina II. Since May 1772, Poland has been divided up three times. The three culprits are tsarist Russia, Prussia and Austria Hungary. So why is Poland beaten up from time to time! Poland is at the crossroads of Europe and Warsaw is at the center of the crossroads. Think about it! When you stand at the crossroads, do you always feel insecure, because there are dangers all around, you are not afraid of cars and people! Poland is constantly changing, but it has never been Tonghua by the surrounding nationalities! You will find that European nations are rarely Tonghua by a powerful and culturally advanced nation. They always maintain their national uniqueness! Southern Europe is the most culturally influential region in Europe. Southern Europe, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, Malta, Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, Albania and Slovenia are the core areas of Greek civilization and Roman Empire, Greek civilization comes from Minoan culture of Crete and Mycenaean civilization of Peloponnesian peninsula. In Greek civilization, we have to mention the Greek city-state. If the Greek city-state gives Europeans the Enlightenment: after the outbreak of the Greek Persian war, Sparta and Athens abandoned their past grievances and formed a coalition to jointly reject foreign enemies. From another perspective, it can be said that the Greek city-state system has started the process of urbanization in Europe. At the same time, it is also the leading cultural factor to promote the formation of political power cognition of different ethnic groups and groups of the same clan and different ethnic groups in Europe. This does not exist in China at all. Even though the enfeoffment system in the Western Zhou Dynasty finally led to the disputes in the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, after the unification of the strong Qin Dynasty, the county system can be described as the work of heaven and man. It skillfully concentrated power to the central government, and enfeoffed the kings in the Han Dynasty. Later, it was not that King Liu Zhen of Wu ruled against the central government, but we found that the balance of power has been biased towards the central government since then, Because the central government tightly grasped the finance and the main armed forces of the state, our salt and iron monopoly was implemented in the Western Han Dynasty. This monopoly was only a national monopoly. This measure greatly increased the wealth accumulation of the central government. We know that war is a contest of financial resources. Therefore, throughout Chinese history, unity – Division – unity. The Roman Empire originated in Italy. In 241 BC, after the Second Punic War, Sicily was incorporated into the Empire. In 202 BC, it defeated Carthage, Spain and Greece. Under the rule of, it conquered Gaul and Egypt. After Caesar’s death, its adopted son Octavian cleaned up Anthony and Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt. Octavian officially established the Roman Empire in 27 BC, Constantine declared Christianity as the state religion. In 330, Constantine moved his capital to Byzantium and finally died in Goths and vandals. To say the failure of the Roman Empire: 1 – did not strengthen centralization. After conquering Egypt, Caesar fell into the gentle village of Cleopatra. Finally, Anthony also had an affair with Cleopatra. Instead of disintegrating Egypt’s resistance in time, he let Cleopatra continue to rule. Therefore, how great is Cleopatra. She dug a grave for the Roman Empire. This was true of Rome to the conquered Gaul, Spain and England. 2 – one country, two consuls, this must be the way to get rid of chaos. Emperor Taizu of the Northern Song Dynasty had a famous saying – how can others snore on the side of the couch! So you can’t understand the European thinking. Later Octavian killed Anthony and established an empire to strengthen centralization to some extent. 3 – moving the capital to Byzantium was a big failure. The Romans proudly thought that Byzantium could be used as a springboard to continue eastward. Before it started, the backyard was on fire! In 395, the eastern and Western Roman empires were divided. However, the divided Roman Empire was like a fallen Hercules. Anyone can come up and kick it. From then on, the glory was gone.

the demise of the Roman Empire tells us that Europe can be without the Roman Empire, but not without an independent nation! In modern times, southern Europe is also a tough place. We have to mention the Ottoman Turkish Empire. Without this unlucky country, the first real confrontation between China and the West would not be the Opium War. It may come in advance, because the Ottoman Empire mastered the main traffic routes and cut off the trade and exchanges between the East and the West! Later, the fuse of World War I was ignited in Serbia, and the Slavic alliance was opened and closed. The countries in this region mainly resisted the rule of the Ottoman Empire. From the late 19th century to the early 20th century, Romania, Serbia, Bulgaria and Albania successively achieved national independence, and Bosnia and Herzegovina under the rule of the Austro Hungarian Empire was able to get rid of Austro Hungarian Empire, Later, Montenegro and Serbia formed the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Montenegro became independent in 2006. The disintegration of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is not only the influence of great power chauvinism, but also the continuation of the bipolar pattern after World War II and the hegemony between the United States and the Soviet Union. At the same time, it is also the end of the era of the old system. In terms of the current situation in Eastern Europe and Ukraine, for many years, what Europeans have been seeking seems to be independence rather than unity. This may be the European way of thinking!

2-in terms of economy, since ancient times, Europeans rarely delimit the economic territory in the European continent, that is, the European countries we see today are only the national subjects under political factors. So today, the EU has banks, euros and various offices to facilitate economic exchanges among European countries. Whether it is Adam Smith’s wealth of nations or the laws of various countries under the capitalist system, the first is that private property is sacred and inviolable. Therefore, the independence pursued by Europeans in the system and their solutions are of great significance. We can take a look at the recent major referendums, the Scottish independence referendum and the Crimea Russia referendum, Europeans choose a peaceful way to express their needs. In contrast, look at the separation of North and South Sudan. It is a political game of “masturbation and masturbation” played by politicians.

3 – in terms of culture, we have all heard of Switzerland, Belgium, Vatican and Andorra