in the first World War, Russia was the main participating country and was one of the allies. In this war. A righteous admiral with a sense of justice and integrity poured out of Russia. He is gorchak. Gorchak’s full name is “vasiliyevich gorchak”, born in an aristocratic family in St. Petersburg. Gorchak participated in the Lushun campaign between Russia and Japan and made great achievements. He was the captain of the Baltic Fleet in World War I, then the commander of the Black Sea Fleet in 1916, promoted to admiral in 1917, and the head of the land and Navy Department of the “Siberian government” in 1918. However, such an excellent general with numerous military achievements was secretly executed by the Soviet Union. Now let’s have a look with you.
in recent years, Russians have re examined the history of the Soviet Union and evaluated many outstanding issues. For one of the biggest topics in the Soviet Union, the Russians finally maintained such an attitude: “what Stalin did, combined with the specific historical environment, is completely reasonable. As a national leader facing war, he made the right choice in leading the country to an industrial society.” At the same time, the Russians criticized a series of reform measures taken by Gorbachev, who personally brought down the alliance, as “making trouble”.
when a proposition is put in a positive position, many objections will naturally be nailed to the negative of history. Among them, there is a very special figure, that is the famous Russian general gorchak who faithfully follows the czar. Although gorchak can always make a firm choice, from a historical point of view, his life is undoubtedly very tangled.
gorchak was born in an aristocratic family in Russia on November 16, 1874. He received the most orthodox aristocratic education since childhood. In his bones, there is a kind of chivalry that people have to admire. Let’s take an example: at the age of 19, gorchak graduated from the Naval Academy. At that time, he had excellent grades and could graduate with the proud grade of No. 1 in the whole school. But when the school decided to award him the honor, he refused to accept it, just thinking that his classmate filipov was better than him, and the latter deserved the honor better. However, Gao Erke’s actions are always ridiculed by others in his life.
in addition, gorchak was also an adventurer. He personally led a fleet to explore the Arctic. Once an island in the Kara Sea was named after gorchak (renamed “rastorguev island” by the Soviet authorities in 1937), and gorchak also named a cape of Bennett island after his fiancee Sofia omilova.
gorchak was unfortunately captured in the Russo Japanese war. He returned to Russia after several twists and turns with the help of the Red Cross, which also made him a popular hero and became famous for a time. Later, gorchak was appointed as the staff of the naval staff. Relying on his keen strategic sense, he concluded that a large-scale war would break out in Russia within 10 years, so he proposed to build a powerful fleet. Gorchak was very disappointed. He resolutely resigned as a staff officer and went to the Arctic scientific research again. In 1906, he won the gold medal of great Constantine, the highest honor symbolizing the Geographical Society of tsarist Russia.
in 1914, the first World War broke out. As we all know, the combat effectiveness of the Russian army in World War I was low, the Navy itself was relatively backward, and it was even more difficult to resist in front of the powerful German fleet. However, gorchak, who was the director of operations of the Baltic Fleet at that time, dealt a great blow to the German army with tricks. He was especially good at laying mines. He sank dozens of German warships with water mines, which made the enemy miserable. Under his leadership, the Russian army always controlled the sea in the Black Sea.
in March 1917, the “February Revolution” broke out in Russia, and the rule of the Czar was overthrown. Many czar followers resisted fiercely, but gorchak’s attitude affected many people. As a admiral, he was the first to declare allegiance to the interim government. For this, he explained: “I am not serving one form of government or another, but serving my country, which I regard as above everything.” At first, gorchak hoped that the interim government could take a series of effective measures to establish a strong and powerful order in weak and chaotic Russia. However, he was very disappointed by the compromise and weakness of the interim government. The former not only failed to solve the problem, but even introduced such absurd orders as “soldiers can disobey their officers”. At this time, the proletarian revolution was rising day by day, and the local Soviet representatives ordered gorchak to hand over his sword and serve the Soviet regime. But gorchak said, “you didn’t give it to me, and I can’t let you take it away.” With that, he threw the gilded Georgi sword into the sea.
at that time, the Soviet representatives were afraid of gorchak’s influence and did not dare to deal with him. After the October Revolution, gorchak was relieved of military power and other positions through a collective vote of soldiers and workers’ representatives. Gorchak, who was in the United States at this time, thought it was contrary to his belief and decided to take the lead in resistance. In 1918, gorchak established a cabinet and a temporary regime in the Ural region, claiming to be the “supreme consul of Russia”, which was supported by White army generals such as dunnikin and yodennich. Subsequently, gorchakra launched an attack on the Soviet regime with an army of more than 150000 people.
however, although Soviet Russia was not stable at this time, it was also full of talents and stars. Gorchak faced the attack of famous Soviet generals represented by Trotsky and Tukhachevsky, and he was soon defeated. Under the unyielding resistance of the Soviet soldiers, the opposition forces at home and abroad soon became unsustainable. At the end of 1919, gorchak had to transfer his “political power” to the East in order to win. To his surprise, the original team of only about 200000 people continued to be joined by the old Russian aristocrats and people who were unwilling to support the new regime, and eventually became a huge team of up to 1.25 million people. In the process of transfer, the team encountered the severe cold rarely seen in a hundred years and finally arrived