Solzhenitsyn, who was once released from labor reform and exile by the Soviet Union because of his dissenting political views, was a lieutenant and artillery company commander of the Soviet Army during World War II. The habit of daring to tell the truth made him a rare alien veteran who dared to “slander the honor of the Soviet army”. Recalling the war experience, he described the scene when his troops entered East Prussia: soldiers scrambled to put German women’s underwear on themselves, which was like a chaotic market. Some people are difficult to move because they put too many underwear on the outside of their coat. The tank soldiers filled the inner tank with booty. It was strange that they could sit inside through the narrow turret. Kopelev, Solzhenitsyn’s refugee friend during the reform through labor camp, also participated in the Soviet German war. The fact that kopelev could not accept was that the army would allow soldiers to send a 5kg parcel back home every month, which was a special notice suggesting that soldiers could rob civilians in the occupied area. Kopelev believed that it was this provision that directly stimulated the looting of soldiers.

whether in peace or war, the army is the highest means of force. The reason why the army needs military discipline is first to ensure combat effectiveness and second to restrict destructive power. In the later period of World War II, the Soviet army reached a peak in combat effectiveness and destructive power, so that the German people all talked about “Russia”.

the Chinese people’s feelings about Soviet soldiers were also very complex. During the period of Sino Soviet friendship, a series of Soviet “World War II” feature films showed us the good image of Soviet soldiers: brave, strong, good at war, simple and just. In the reality of World War II, the Chinese also saw how the powerful Soviet army defeated millions of Japanese Kwantung Army in one fell swoop.

however, those who face history cannot avoid another manifestation of Soviet soldiers: drinking and making trouble, robbing civilians and raping women. In September 1945, after the first batch of Jidong troops of the Eighth Route Army stationed in Northeast China entered Shenyang, the first task they encountered was to deal with the Soviet Army robbery with a large number of complaints from civilians, so that our army had to put forward the requirement of “serious discipline” to the Political Department of the Soviet army. In December of the same year, Lu Dongsheng, who had just been appointed deputy commander of Songjiang military region by the CPC Central Committee, was shot and killed by the Soviet soldiers when he was robbed. In a letter to his wife, the general once commented on the Soviet Army: “a mob with strict discipline.”

the battlefield discipline of the Soviet army was extremely strict. During the war between the two armies, the military directly fired machine guns at those who retreated against orders. However, in addition to combat operations, the military discipline of the Soviet army was tight and loose. For an army with poor overall cultural literacy, a slight relaxation of discipline can easily lead to a large area of arbitrary behavior, especially when the army faces the civilians of hostile countries. Solzhenitsyn, who was once released from labor reform and exile by the Soviet Union because of his dissenting political views, was a lieutenant and artillery company commander of the Soviet Army during World War II. The habit of daring to tell the truth made him a rare alien veteran who dared to “slander the honor of the Soviet army”. Recalling the war experience, he described the scene when his troops entered East Prussia: soldiers scrambled to put German women’s underwear on themselves, which was like a chaotic market. Some people are difficult to move because they put too many underwear on the outside of their coat. The tank soldiers filled the inner tank with booty. It was strange that they could sit inside through the narrow turret. Kopelev, Solzhenitsyn’s refugee friend during the reform through labor camp, also participated in the Soviet German war. The fact that kopelev could not accept was that the army would allow soldiers to send a 5kg parcel back home every month, which was a special notice suggesting that soldiers could rob civilians in the occupied area. Kopelev believed that it was this provision that directly stimulated the looting of soldiers.

what is particularly ridiculous is that the treatment of ordinary officers is doubled. Each person can mail such parcels at home twice a month, while the number of times of mailing of generals is not limited. Kopelev was very helpless to mail a refined printmaking for his boss in the Political Department of the second front army of Belarus, That valuable work of art was created by the famous German printmaker albrett durler in the European Renaissance… Three reasons led to the Soviet Army’s behavior of destroying German civilians: the military ruffian behavior with low cultural and moral standards, and the revenge psychology for the crimes committed by the German army in the Soviet Union, The military commanders connived at the soldiers’ deviant behaviors to a certain extent. The third reason is the most important. Without high-level connivance, this army under strict control could not have been so chaotic after entering the enemy country. Rahman, a retired man who was a child at the time of the armistice in Berlin, told me that the Russians really began to behave three months after the armistice. Historical data also confirm this statement.

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the time when the German army fully laid down its weapons was May 8, 1945. Since then, there were occasional instructions to restrict the indulgence of soldiers in various Soviet forces, but the truly comprehensive and effective military discipline rectification began with the order to eliminate military regulations issued by the field commander of the Soviet army in Germany on August 3. The order states that “these acts have damaged our image in the eyes of German anti fascists, especially when the war is over, and can help fascists launch a campaign against the Red Army and the Soviet government…”, Defending honor and preventing resistance are the two main reasons why Marshal Zhukov made up his mind to govern military discipline. But aren’t these two important before? Didn’t the Soviet high-level understand what the soldiers had done to German civilians before? The answer is No. The only reason why the Soviet army would have unscrupulous Hu Wei on a large scale was the tacit consent of the high level. It is not uncommon in the history of human war to indulge the soldiers for three days, but the indulgence of the Soviet army has been longer.

when I interviewed old Lott in Berlin, I seriously visited his small single storey house because after the war