mayor said: “the war has left a shadow on every German family to varying degrees, and it takes time to eliminate it. It is impossible for our generation to get rid of it completely, but we have an obligation to tell future generations how to stop suffering such sorrow.” Facts have proved that the old mayor has done this. His son Dirk and I talked about the disaster brought to Germany by World War II. Dirk’s words shocked me. He said: “all retribution is caused by the Germans themselves.”

when we talked about the responsibility of “retribution”, the old mayor believed that Germany’s historical mistakes had a complex historical background and public foundation. It would be simple to simply blame several dictators for everything.

Blomberg is an ancient city rich in tradition, which is located on the edge of North Wales, Germany. It has a history of 1500 years. Its name is taken from “Blumberg” in German and translated into Chinese is a very romantic name – “Huashan”.

Huashan is a small city of individual talents. Many famous German celebrities have emerged, including gardeners, chess players, scholars, writers and politicians… And the most famous is Schroeder, the seventh Chancellor of Federal Germany.

during World War II, there were only three kinds of men in Huashan: those who had fought, those who were fighting and those who would fight. In this war against many world powers, Germany must send all physically and mentally sound men to the line of fire. Like many German cities, Huashan, a small town, has two lists. That’s the list of two generations of soldiers who died in the two world wars. In the first World War, 180 people were killed or missing in Huashan city with a population of less than 4000; In the “World War II”, in Huashan city with a population of nearly 5000, young men were almost conscripted into the army, of which 310 were killed or missing. In this list, there is dieter, the former mayor of Huashan city. Mahendanz’s father, Friedrich. Mahendanz.

on the afternoon of February 19, 2002, I chatted with my host at the house of the former mayor of Huashan city. “The mayor of

said: “the war has left a shadow on every German family to varying degrees, and it will take time to eliminate it. It is impossible for our generation to get rid of it completely, but we have an obligation to tell future generations how to stop suffering such sorrow.” Facts have proved that the old mayor has done this. His son Dirk and I talked about the disaster brought to Germany by World War II. Dirk’s words shocked me. He said: “all retribution is caused by the Germans themselves.”

when we talked about the responsibility of “retribution”, the old mayor believed that Germany’s historical mistakes had a complex historical background and public foundation. It would be simple to simply blame several dictators for everything.

he said: “many people still believe that if they can die before September 1939, he will be recorded in history as a great man in German history. This sentence actually represents the ideas of many older Germans. In other words, if Hitler is realizing the revitalization of the German economy, eliminating disastrous unemployment and breaking through the Versailles peace treaty After regaining military sovereignty and completing a series of plans to include Austria, Sudeten Germany and other regions into the territory of Germany, he can die before launching the aggression against Poland that led to the outbreak of World War II. What he left to German history is only the glorious achievements that can be sung and wept, and the subsequent war disasters will not appear. ”

whether this assumption is meaningful or not, it at least reflects one point: a considerable number of Germans still fully affirm the actions of Nazi Germany before launching World War II. So, what did Hitler’s actions between coming to power in 1933 and launching World War II in 1939 mean to the German people?

as an expert in education, the old mayor once studied the European history before and after World War II for a long time, because education in Germany is inseparable from the understanding and analysis of the history of the two world wars.

he believes that “World War II” does not exist in isolation, it is the continuation of the history of “World War I”, and “World War I” is the inevitable result of the long-term interest competition of European powers. In the history of Europe, Germany is just a rising strong contender. The reason why Germany lost its morality in the “World War II” is that it launched a war of aggression under the general situation of global war weariness, and the second is that it integrated the policy of genocide into military behavior.

reminds me of China’s theory of “unjust war in the spring and Autumn Period”. Indeed, in the long history before World War I, the European powers that believed in “socialism” respected the jungle law of the jungle in diplomacy. “Independence”, “freedom”, “sovereignty”… All apply only to themselves. For the expansion of their own interests, military conquest is the first language they use externally. This is especially true for the British and French allied forces. To put it bluntly, Germany is nothing more than bad late and too bad.

if you want to understand why the German people choose this “bad” Nazi party, you must know what the “World War I” left for Germany. On this point, the old mayor gave me a concise and clear outline:

Weimar Republic is a republic without Republicans in German history. Germany’s choice of republicanism after World War I was by no means the improvement of people’s democratic consciousness, but a helpless mechanical imitation of the regimes of Western powers after the collapse of the monarchy. The internal cause of the failure of World War I was the exhaustion of national strength – Germany could not bear the economic burden brought by continuing the war. This doomed this feudal and militarist Germany to be born short of calcium in trying to establish a democratic system. On the other hand, the victorious allies did not give Germany the slightest chance to restore vitality and breed democracy. They only think about how to recover from the defeatHow to prevent Germany from becoming strong again and threatening their security again.

for this purpose, the jubilant winner completely divided up all German territories overseas. Most of German East Africa belongs to Britain and France; German South West Africa was allocated to the Federation of South Africa; The German part of the island of New Guinea was handed over to Australia; Samoa is divided into New Zealand; The Marshall Islands, Mariana Islands, Caroline Islands in the central Pacific and Germany’s privileges in Shandong, China were transferred to Japan.

according to the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles, the German army was compressed into 100000 people, the navy was only allowed to have 15000 people, and the total number of various ships could only have 36, while the air force was completely prohibited. Tanks, armored vehicles and submarines are not allowed to be produced. Such a military force is even difficult to quell a large-scale armed riot in China, and there is no real sense of national defense. In addition, the victorious country also stipulated that the West Bank of the Rhine River should be occupied by the Allied forces for 15 years, and the area within 50 kilometers east of the Rhine River should be used as a military vacuum zone. The victors thus established a wide security buffer zone between them and Germany, which has basically lost its ability to resist aggression in the face of well-equipped and powerful old enemies of its neighbors.

in addition to the military need to prevent the defeated from turning over, the victorious country riding on Germany mercilessly seized the economic throat of its old opponent.

the Treaty of Versailles made Germany lose 18 territories, 12% of its population, 16% of its coal producing areas and 50% of its steel base. On the other hand, it stipulated that Germany must pay 132 billion gold marks of war reparations to the victorious country, and pay 2 billion gold marks and 26% of its export income every year. To ask for such huge compensation from a country whose Treasury has been hollowed out by war and whose resources have been forcibly reduced is undoubtedly pushing it to a dead end. This will not only not lead to democracy and peace, but will certainly breed new turmoil and disasters in Europe. Because this extreme squeeze can only sow the curse of German revenge. Unfortunately, few European politicians can recognize this. At that time, a member of Parliament in Britain insisted on his opposition to disarmament alone and stubbornly. His reason was that the excessive compensation pressure borne by Germany after World War I would lead to xenophobia and may evolve into a force to destroy the Versailles peace treaty in the future. The congressman was later Churchill, the British wartime prime minister.