On February 1, 1931, Yeltsin was born into an ordinary peasant family in butka village, sverdrovsk state, the former Soviet Union.
Yeltsin had a hard childhood.
The whole family has only a small broken house and a cow.
They had no tools for farming, so they had to join the collective farm.
From the age of six, Yeltsin began to do housework.
The hard life made Yeltsin develop a resolute character.
After school, he stood out among his classmates with his positive and enterprising spirit and courage.
From the first grade to graduation, he went to different schools, but he has been the monitor.
At the graduation ceremony in Grade 7, Yeltsin stood up and suddenly said to everyone, “our head teacher has no right to be a teacher for the children and educate them.
She is simply destroying the children.
” The next day, Yeltsin’s father was called to the school education committee.
He was informed that his son could not get a diploma, but only an “Undergraduate Certificate”.
He was not convinced of the decision made by the Education Committee and ran around shouting.
Through efforts, a special committee to inspect the behavior of head teachers has been established.
According to the findings of the committee, the head teacher was expelled from school.
For her, it was completely deserved punishment.
He finally got his diploma.
After the outbreak of World War II, Yeltsin’s classmates rushed to the front, while he was left to build guns in the back.
Blew up two fingers in an accident.
Later, he was admitted to the Architecture Department of Ural Institute of technology.
Yeltsin in college has fully demonstrated his stubborn and competitive character.
From the first grade, he devoted himself to social activities.
He was the school sports minister, and he organized all the sports competitions.
He is also a member of the city volleyball team.
After taking up his post, Yeltsin not only showed talent and diligence, but also showed his inherent stubborn and aggressive character.
His character did not have any adverse effect on his official career.
On the contrary, it was quite smooth and made great progress.
In 1969, he became the Minister of construction of sverdrovsk State Party committee.
Seven years later, he was exceptionally promoted to the first Secretary of the State Party committee.
Yeltsin worked in this position for 10 years until the death of Chernenko in 1985.
Gorbachev served as general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and was transferred to Moscow when the Soviet Union launched reform.
He was appointed Minister of the Construction Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
Yeltsin finally took a key step from local political people and objects to national politicians and even the master of the Kremlin! At the end of the year, he became an alternate member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the first Secretary of the Moscow municipal Party committee.
After becoming Secretary of the Moscow municipal Party committee, Yeltsin carried out drastic reforms.
In just a few months, 23 of the district Party committee secretaries of 33 districts in Moscow were dismissed by Yeltsin.
During his term of office, because he could not keep in line with the Party Central Committee, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union dismissed him in 1987 and appointed him as the director of the Construction Committee in vain, retaining ministerial treatment.
At the beginning of the second year, he was removed from the post of alternate member of the Political Bureau.
But after so many years of ups and downs in the political arena, Yeltsin has gradually become a more sophisticated politician, and he can stand ups and downs.
In 1990, Yeltsin resigned from the Construction Committee and announced his withdrawal from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union to run for the people’s representative of the former Soviet Union, which marked his rivalry with Gorbachev who helped him.
After a desperate election, the first people’s Congress of the Russian Soviet Federation elected Yeltsin as Supreme Soviet President in May 1990.
Yeltsin rose to the political arena again.
In June 1991, Yeltsin was finally elected the first president in Russian history with 58.
9% of the votes.
That year, Yeltsin was 60 years old.
There were two presidents in a country of the Soviet Union (Gorbachev was the president of the Soviet Union).
The two regimes began to show signs of the division of the Soviet Union.
The power struggle between Yeltsin and Gorbachev has also entered a white hot stage.
The “August 19” incident finally made Yeltsin climb to the peak of the Kremlin’s power.
After independence, Russia is still turbulent.
Yeltsin is still at the center of the political vortex.
Since Russia became an independent state, there have been considerable differences between the two power centers – the government and the parliament on a series of issues such as the state system, power distribution and economic reform.
Yeltsin advocated the implementation of the presidential system, that is, the president has the highest power to decide state affairs, but the parliament requires legislative power and supreme supervision power, and the two sides fought again and again.
Yeltsin decided to start a new stove and pass the new draft constitution, stop the opposition to the vice president of ruzkoy, and ignored the Constitution and announced the dissolution of Parliament.
Speaker hasbratov was unwilling to show weakness, announced the cessation of Yeltsin’s presidency, was replaced by ruzkoy, and formed a guard group of more than 1000 people in the local white house.
Yeltsin quickly sent troops to block all roads to the White House, cut off water, electricity, heating and telephone lines in the White House, and gave an ultimatum to parliament to hand over guns immediately.
The two sides were at loggerheads: the government’s armored forces completely surrounded the White House and broke through the roadblock set up by the parliamentary combat team.
Amid the sound of dense gunfire, smoke billowed from the parliament building, the walls were riddled with holes, and the huge flame turned the White House into a “black Palace”.
After 13 days of fighting, Yeltsin’s government troops captured the White House, and hasbratov and rutzkoy were arrested.
On December 12, a new constitution in favor of Yeltsin was adopted and the parliament was re elected.
The “iron president” has also further consolidated his power and position, which is unmatched in Russia for the time being.
In the 1996 general election of the Russian President, Yeltsin came from behind in the opinion polls, swam among the complex forces of various factions, and finally defeated his strong opponent, the leader of the Russian Communist Party, djuganov, and took the position of Russian President for the second time.
Yeltsin was the first democratically elected president in Russian history and the first head of state after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.
He was forced to step down due to heart disease and handed over power to current President Vladimir Putin in 1999.
Not long ago, he had difficulty walking and speaking.
But now his body is thinner and his spirit is much better.
It is said that the transplanted fetal cells have worked.
He is still active everywhere.
He is a character who often appears in cultural and sports activities.