Yu Shun (Emperor Shun), one of the ancestors of Chinese civilization, is a saint in the historical transition period from the era of the five emperors (Yellow Emperor, Zhuanxu, Dihu, Yao emperor and Shun emperor) to Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties. He is famous for his virtue and filial piety. According to the book of history and Shun code, “virtue comes from Shun Ming”. “Records of the Five Emperors” said: “all Ming virtues in the world began with Yu Shun”. Li Daoyuan’s notes to the water Sutra quoted the records of the three years of emperor Taikang of the Jin Dynasty as saying: “Shun avoided Danzhu here, so it was named the county. All officials followed it, so there was a Baiguan bridge in the north of the county. It also said that Shun met with princes and was called Shangyu for entertainment.” Shangyu is the birthplace of Yu Shun. In addition to the historical records, there are many Shun relics such as Hongyang village, xiangtian, Shipeng, Shunjing, Shunjiang, Shun temple, Shun bridge and so on.

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Yu Shun advocated that morality should be the people-oriented in the conduct of man, family, official and governance, creating a precedent of Chinese moral culture. He was respected by later generations as “the ancestor of morality”, “the first of 100 filial piety” and “the yuan of civilization”, and was deeply respected and respected by Chinese descendants at home and abroad. Based on historical materials and legends, Yu Shun is respected as the most complete emperor in history. His “virtue and Saint” is mainly reflected in the following nine aspects.

1. Xiaogan moves heaven. As the “book of history” said: “the son, the father is stubborn, the mother is noisy, and the elephant is proud; he conquers harmony, and is in charge of the city with filial piety, but does not commit adultery.”

2. Ploughing Lishan, Lishan people give way to the bank; Fishing Leize, Leize people give way; Tao Hebin, Riverside ware is not bitter. “Living together in one year, becoming a city in two years and Chengdu in three years”. Everyone has the reputation of being obedient, so everyone has the reputation of being obedient.

3. Appoint talents. “Eight yuan” and “five teachings”; Use “Ba Kai” and “Premier Pepsi”; Recommended Dayu and succeeded in flood control; Twenty two talents were appointed to rule the world.

4. Accept advice and follow advice. As the ancient and modern notes said: “consult the four mountains, open four doors, clarify four eyes, reach four intelligences, consult ten and have two shepherds.” Make five Ming fans and set up slander trees to show that the king accepts advice.

5. Punish treachery. Flow and work together, put the irrigation bag, move the three seedlings. As recorded in the historical records: “… Then the four doors were opened, and words did not hurt people.”

6. Moralize people. Probation Sanmiao: “when Shun, some Miao refused to accept it, so Shun repaired politics and Yanbing, and danced with Qi and Qi.” “Sanmiao refused to accept it, Yu asked to attack it. Shun said: ‘virtue can also be used.’ Sanmiao served three years of virtue.”. The five punishments of forgiveness: the disaster is forgiven, and the parents end the thief’s punishment.

7. Expand territory. In the Yellow Emperor’s time, the territory only came to Changsha in the south, and in the Zhuanxu’s time, the territory only came to the south edge of the Yangtze River. In the Yao emperor’s time, when the flood was widespread, Sanmiao took the opportunity to make chaos. It was not until Emperor Shun that Sanmiao was conquered, so that the southern territory reached the south of the Wuling. “Five thousand miles away, as for waste clothes… Within the four seas, Xiandai Emperor Shun’s work.”

8. Respect the five teachings. Bi Shen respected “the righteousness of the father, the kindness of the mother, brothers and friends, the courtesy of the younger brother and the filial piety of the son”, and became the ancestor of the traditional ethical and moral concepts of the Chinese nation.

9. Abdicate to the throne. Abdication began with Emperor Yao and ended with Emperor Shun. Shun factor Shang are unworthy and “not enough to give the world”, “is the pre recommendation of Yu Yu in the sky, as an heir.” Since Dayu, the emperors of all dynasties were hereditary.

in addition to the above-mentioned “virtues and saints”, Shun also created the evaluation system for Chinese officials, such as the book of history: “only when the sun shines,

merit, three years of performance evaluation, and three tests dethrone zhiyouming.” It was the first to establish the educational methodology of the Chinese nation and the basic theory of literature and art. As the book of history says: “Kui! Order your classical music to teach the Zhou Zi, straight and warm, wide and chestnut, rigid and free of abuse, simple and free of pride. Poetry expresses ambition, song always speaks. The sound depends on eternity, law and harmony. Eight tones overcome harmony, no phase takes Lun, and God and man are at peace.” As for what is Yu Shun culture, in terms of Yu Shun culture in the original sense, experts have a basic consensus in recent years: Shun, as the last of the “Five Emperors”, is in an important period of the establishment and prosperity of civilization. Emperor Shun’s thought of “Ming De” is mainly reflected in emphasizing morality, education, social harmony and filial piety. The core of the thought “benevolence” and “filial piety”, that is, originated from the way of Yu Shun, inherited and carried forward Yu Shun thought, and became the core of Chinese traditional culture. Therefore, Emperor Shun is the ancestor of moral civilization, and Yu Shun culture is an important source of Chinese traditional culture.

and the characteristics of Yu Shun culture are mainly reflected in the following four aspects.

1. Emphasize the rule of virtue and take ethics and morality as the foundation of maintaining social morality. Shun is the ancestor of the moral civilization of the Chinese nation, and emphasizing the rule of virtue is the core of Yu Shun culture. Shun Bishen respected “the righteousness of the father, the kindness of the mother, brothers and friends, the courtesy of the younger brother and the filial piety of the son”, and the resulting Confucian ethical thoughts, such as benevolence, righteousness, propriety, wisdom, filial piety, loyalty and faith, penetrated into the psychology and consciousness of the whole Chinese nation. In China, the power of morality is always more important and effective than law. The emphasis on moral cultivation has also directly created many noble national heroes.

2. Re enter the WTO and advocate a vigorous and self-improvement attitude towards life. Whether cultivating Lishan, fishing Leize, moving Sanmiao, expanding territory, or appointing talents and abdicating the throne, Shun advocated the realization of noble moral ideals in real life. Re entering the WTO, solving practical problems with the attitude of sacrificing profits and righteousness, and emphasizing the vigorous and self-improvement attitude towards life are the important contents of Yu Shun culture. This is a concentrated summary of the Chinese nation’s vigorous and promising spirit of self-improvement, which has the same meaning as the book of changes.

3. Pay attention to harmony and advocate “harmony but differences, and adhere to the two uses.” To a certain extent, Shun was the embodiment of enlightenment and moralization. The purpose of educating and moralizing people is to cultivate people’s cooperative moral spirit and externalize it into specific cooperative behavior, so as to maintain the harmonious development of society. However, “harmony” is not equal to “unity”. Shun’s acceptance of words, from admonishing and punishing crafty and crafty people, is the embodiment of the thought of harmony but difference. So how to achieve “harmony””And? The Confucian thought of inheriting and carrying forward Yu Shun’s thought advocates “the doctrine of the mean”. The core of the doctrine of the mean is moderation in words and deeds, opposition to extremes, and advocating reason and emotion, so as to achieve harmony between people. However, the golden mean does not mean that there is no principle and ambiguity, but that we should pay attention to contingency on some issues. Advocating “harmony” and “middle”, we have developed the Chinese nation’s national spirit of paying attention to harmony, safeguarding the whole, being gentle, modest and tolerant.

4. It is tolerant and has strong assimilation and tenacious vitality. Like any kind of culture that has continued to this day, the reason why Yushun culture is still alive until now is that it is inclusive and reserved, forming a development trend of the combination of identity and diversity, and therefore has strong assimilation and tenacious vitality. The connotation and form of

are very rich and complex, but generally speaking, there are three obvious characteristics. First, the characteristics of continental culture are more obvious; Second, the characteristics of agricultural culture are obvious; Third, the characteristics of feudal patriarchal culture with the same structure of family and country are more obvious. “Spirit” means “purpose” in modern Chinese. Cultural spirit is the main purpose or leading thought penetrating into culture. It is the most subtle internal driving force and ideological basis in cultural phenomena. It is the basic thought and concept to guide and promote the continuous progress of culture. The same is true of the relationship between Yushun spirit and Yushun culture.

after we have a general understanding of the basic connotation of Yu Shun culture, what is the basic essence of Yu Shun spirit? In other words, what kind of spirit is the Yu Shun spirit that we want to inherit, carry forward and enrich today? To answer this question, we must first clarify a premise: the narrow sense of Yushun spirit and the broad sense of Yushun spirit.

according to the author, the narrow sense of Yu Shun spirit mainly refers to the Yu Shun spirit corresponding to the Yu Shun culture, which is an important mother of Chinese traditional culture, and can also be called the Yu Shun spirit in the primitive sense. This Yu Shun spirit takes Yu Shun’s thought of “clarifying morality” as the core content, which is “emphasizing moral government, practicing enlightenment, emphasizing social harmony and filial piety”. Although the content is narrow, the regional communication and historical inheritance are more extensive. In a broad sense, Yushun spirit mainly refers to the Yushun spirit corresponding to the Yushun culture and regional culture that have developed continuously in Shangyu region for thousands of years. It can also be called the Yushun spirit in the local or derived sense. Although this Yu Shun spirit has regional and limitations in regional communication and historical inheritance, it is more inclusive and developmental in terms of content, and has more practical value guidance function, psychological cohesion function and spiritual incentive function. Obviously, this paper focuses on the latter rather than the former.

what is the essence of this broad spirit of Yushun, which is rooted in the regional culture of Shangyu and formed and enriched in the thousands of years of historical and social development of Shangyu? The author believes that it is mainly composed of the following three aspects.

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are the moral values of morality and integrity. “Advocating virtue” is the most basic essence of Yu Shun spirit, which also plays a cornerstone role in both narrow and broad Yu Shun spirit. If the “worship of virtue” in the narrow sense of Yu Shun spirit is mostly limited to shun’s “virtue saint”, then the “worship of virtue” in the broad sense of Yu Shun spirit contains and accommodates the accumulation of the humanities of rule of virtue in Shangyu for thousands of years and many fruits bred from it. Meng tasted that he Pu returned the Pearl, Cao E threw himself into the river to save his father, Li Guang denounced Qin Hui, Ma Yifu despised dignitaries, Chen Chunlan donated money to run a school, and so on, all of which are vivid and vivid manifestations of Shangyu Su’s strong style of “advocating morality”. “Honesty” is also the core content of Yu Shun spirit in a broad sense. There are countless examples in this regard. Zhu Yingtai’s faithfulness to love and even jumping to the grave is the integrity of life to life; Jing Hengyi and Xia D Zun can gather so many cultural elites on the Bank of Baima Lake in a corner of the countryside, which is the integrity of personality and personality; One hundred thousand construction troops in Shangyu have entered the industry. Shanghai beach has become the first county of Chinese architecture, which is the value purpose of “justice and benefit”, and the integrity of Chinese reputation and reputation. As one of the most basic moral values in Shangyu society, “upholding morality and honesty” is

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. On the one hand, it has developed into the cornerstone of Yu Shun’s spirit, on the other hand, it has transcended time and class and become a stable cultural psychology, which has been handed down from generation to generation and continuously improved. The second is a passionate and pragmatic way of behavior. “Passion” is not only the characteristic of Yu Shun’s spirit, but also the publicity of Yu Shun’s spiritual essence. This publicity has become a shining humanistic landscape in the development of Shangyu’s thousands of years of history and society. Ancient celadon originated in Shangyu, reflecting the passion of being good at innovation and being brave in creation; Being ordered to pull the family and country in the face of danger reflects the passion of everyone’s responsibility and responsibility; The four admonitions impeached the traitor Yan Song, which reflected the passion for pursuing justice and truth; The reclamation of coastal areas, which makes Shangyu people deeply proud, reflects the passion of going up in the face of disaster and fighting bravely. “Pragmatism” is the essence of Yu Shun spirit. In the broad sense of Yu Shun spirit, pragmatism is more rich in the characteristics of Shangyu regional humanities. Wang Chong’s Lun Heng was the first in Chinese history to hold up the banner of ancient materialism with a batch of prophecies and a heavy emphasis on pragmatism. Zhang Xuecheng’s general meaning of literature and history advocated that “all six classics are history” has become the bud of historical materialism, while Zhu Kezhen’s school spirit of “seeking truth” of Zhejiang University and Ma Yifu’s admonition of “silence, silence and thunder” have become the first, It is also an important cultural gene of the consistent truth-seeking and pragmatic spirit in Shangyu land. “Passion and pragmatism”, as a way of behavior under the universal value of Yu Shun’s spirit, is also the concentrated embodiment of people-oriented humanistic thought to a certain extent, which undoubtedly has a strong leading role and cohesion.

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are three harmonious and open attitudes. Maintaining social harmony is one of the ultimate purposes of Shun’s thought of moralizing people. “Harmony”, as the basic connotation of Yu Shun’s spirit, is also an important attitude towards life developed by Shangyu people for thousands of years. Shangyu is located in the soft mountainsIn the south of the Yangtze River, the society has always been relatively stable in history, and people’s temperament has always been relatively mild. Coupled with the three major northerners’ southward migration in the Eastern Jin Dynasty and the Southern Song Dynasty, the people of Shangyu are good at accepting foreign ethnic groups and pay attention to the harmonious cooperation spirit of social community construction. The former construction of ponds and rivers and the establishment of civilized cities, beautification and beautification of Shangyu reflect people’s positive mentality of good interaction between the government and the people and friendly coexistence between mankind and the environment in building a social community. In particular, Shangyu people have a tradition of mutual support between the rich and the poor. There is a strong atmosphere of charity, benevolence and harmony among the people. Mr. Zhang Jie, who donated more than 12 million yuan to support his hometown’s education and became the first person to “move Zhejiang”, is a model. Comparable to “harmony”, the “open” spirit facing the sea, leading overseas and going to the world is not only the basic characteristics of Shangyu culture belonging to the category of Wu Yue culture, but also the basic characteristics of Yu Shun spirit in a broad sense. If Wang Chong, Xie an, Xie Lingyun, Zhang Xuecheng, Ma Yifu, Hu Yuzhi, Xia D Zun, Zhu Kezhen, Wu juenong and many other Shangyu cultural celebrities are good at traveling thousands of miles while reading thousands of books, which is caused by the “open” gene, then the school motto of “keeping pace with the times” of Chunhui middle school gives full play to the meaning of “opening”. Today, “opening up” has become the development criterion for us from the “Longshan era” to the “Cao’e River era” and then to the “Hangzhou Bay era”.

in the rich and splendid Shangyu mother soil culture, we secretly believe that Yu Shun culture and Yu Shun spirit are an excellent cultural inheritance, which should attract our attention and attention most. How to better tap and carry forward this spirit and enrich and develop it with the times may be a problem to be solved.